Environmental Industry Articles

Air & Climate

PADEP Transition from CAIR to CSAPR

PADEP Transition from CAIR to CSAPR

As of January 1, 2015 the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) has been implementing the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) through a Federal Implementation Plan (FIP) that primarily impacts electric generating units (EGUs). ...


Energy & Renewables

Renewable energy progress report

Renewable energy progress report

What is the Renewable energy progress report and what is its purpose? The Renewable Energy Directive states that a progress report should be issued every two years. The purpose of this progress report is to assess Member States' ...


Environmental Management

Carbon Asset Risk: A Review of Progress and Opportunities

Carbon Asset Risk: A Review of Progress and Opportunities

The concept of carbon asset risk – that the world’s fossil fuel companies hold at least three times more oil, gas and coal reserves than can realistically be burned in order to avoid potentially catastrophic climate warming ...


Health & Safety

Pump Contract for MARS Tanker. Logistic Support Ship - Case Study

Pump Contract for MARS Tanker. Logistic Support Ship - Case Study

In 2010 following many months of dialogue with BMT Naval Architects the initial purchase enquiry for the supply of pumps and systems for the 4 new logistic support ships for the U.K RFA (Royal Fleet Auxiliary) was received ...


Monitoring & Testing

What are the differences between Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)?

What are the differences between Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)?

Ask the expert: What are the differences between Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)? Answer: Both COD and BOD test methods aim to give an indication of the amount of pollution in a water ...


Soil & Groundwater

Landfill Capping Systems: An Introduction to Options

Landfill Capping Systems: An Introduction to Options

Geomembranes, predominately linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), have been used for landfill caps for decades. Waste Management World has noted how,” Generally they have performed extremely well but, not unexpectedly, there have ...


Waste & Recycling

Monitoring network for Scottish ports - Case Studies

Monitoring network for Scottish ports - Case Studies

Historically, ferry masters operating off the west coast of Scotland would have to sail to a port and on arrival visually assess the weather and tide conditions before deciding whether safe berthing alongside the pier or quayside would be ...


Water & Wastewater

Cryptosporidium – Understanding the hidden danger case study

Cryptosporidium – Understanding the hidden danger case study

Understanding the problem Found in water supplies all over the globe, Cryptosporidium outbreaks are now becoming more and more frequent causing severe illness that can be fatal to vulnerable groups such as the young and elderly and in a ...


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