air pollution Articles

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EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2013

by European Environment Agency (EEA)  (Aug. 29, 2013)

Technical guidance to prepare national emission inventories. The joint EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook supports the reporting of emissions data under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) and the EU National Emission Ceilings Directive. It provides expert guidance on how to compile an ...

Model comparison in simulating the atmospheric dispersion of a pollutant plume in low wind conditions

by Inderscience Publishers  (Oct. 13, 2012)

This study investigates the performance of different air pollution dispersion models in low wind conditions. The models have been applied to two sites frequently characterised by weak winds: the cities of Modena and Reggio Emilia, in the Po River Valley (Northern Italy). The emission sources are the municipal waste incinerator (Modena) and a ...

Atmospheric pollution and mortality. A comparative study between two Latin American cities: Buenos Aires (Argentina) and Santiago (Chile)

by Inderscience Publishers  (Oct. 7, 2013)

This work aims to deepen recent studies on the impact of air pollution on human health in Latin American cities. A time series study has been performed comparing the mortality attributable to atmospheric carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) in Santiago (Chile) and Buenos Aires (Argentina). Pollution, meteorological and mortality data ...

Current trends in the use of models for source apportionment of air pollutants in Europe

by Inderscience Publishers  (Dec. 28, 2012)

Forum for Air Quality Modelling in Europe (FAIRMODE) sub–group 2 (SG2) on the 'Contribution of natural sources and source apportionment' has been formed in response to the need for a harmonised European approach in the use of models for source apportionment, addressing the requirements of the current Air Quality Directive 2008/50/EU. Within SG2, a ...

Bulgarian emergency response system for release of hazardous pollutants - brief description and some examples

by Inderscience Publishers  (Dec. 28, 2012)

The present paper demonstrates some results of the system for modelling of toxic air pollution due to possible accidents in industrial sites. The emergency response system is designed to help the relevant authorities in making important decisions, concerning the evacuation of the population in case of toxic air pollution due to accidents in ...

Pollutant dispersion over two–dimensional idealised urban roughness: a large–eddy simulation approach

by Inderscience Publishers  (Dec. 28, 2012)

A series of two–dimensional (2D) street canyon models with a wide range of building–height–to–street–width (aspect) ratios are employed in this study to elucidate the pollutant transport over idealised urban areas. The large–eddy simulation (LES) is used to resolve the turbulent flows and pollutant transport in the urban boundary layer (UBL) over ...

Evaluation of atmospheric particle dispersion at a contaminated mine using biomonitors

by Inderscience Publishers  (Apr. 25, 2011)

This study has carried out the assessment of magnitude of toxic elements contamination in and around the Sao Domingos mining area, a copper-sulphide open pit mine, and atmospheric transport of above elements by using lichens and Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA). Samples of the epiphytic lichen Evernia prunastri and soils were ...

On the dispersion models and atmospheric dispersion

by Inderscience Publishers  (Oct. 31, 2011)

As an air pollutant is transported, the pollutant disperses into the surrounding air so that it arrives at a lower concentration than it was on leaving the source. Strict environmental regulations worldwide resulted in a growing concern about the validity of air quality dispersion models. The present work is a try to evaluate the applicability of ...

Atmospheric dispersion modelling for regulatory purposes in the United Kingdom

by Inderscience Publishers  (Sep. 17, 2009)

Short-range atmospheric dispersion models are used to assess the environmental impact of airborne pollutants from industrial plants. The results are of interest to a range of specialist and non-specialist groups, including regulators, operators, environmental organisations, and local residents. In order that these groups can be well-informed, it ...

Atmospheric transport model applied to understand the effect of biogenic emissions to secondary atmospheric aerosol in hemiboreal zone

by Inderscience Publishers  (Dec. 28, 2012)

The SILAM model with built–in isoprene and monoterpene emission module from natural sources was run for May to August 2006 in Baltic Sea region. In this study VOCs were advected as passive tracers. Modelled hourly VOC–tracer concentrations were compared with sub–half–micrometre aerosol concentrations, simultaneously measured in Preila (Lithuania), ...

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