biofouling Articles

136 Results found
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Irreversible fouling of membrane bioreactors due to formation of a non-biofilm gel layer

by IWA Publishing  (Apr. 24, 2014)

Extra-cellular polymeric substances (EPS), known to contribute to fouling in membrane bio-reactors (MBRs), are generally divided into bound and free EPS. The free EPS are able to form a gel layer on the membrane active surface. The mechanisms involved in formation of such layer and its effects on performance of the MBR membranes were studied. The ...

Pilot trial study of a compact macro-filtration membrane bioreactor process for saline wastewater treatment

by IWA Publishing  (Jul. 16, 2014)

Conventional membrane bioreactor (MBR) systems have increasingly been studied in recent decades. However, their applications have been limited due to their drawbacks such as low flux, membrane fouling, and high operating cost. In this study, a compact macro-filtration MBR (MfMBR) process was developed by using a large pore size membrane to ...

Bio-fouling control on marine vessels with ozone

by Primozone Production AB  (May 10, 2012)

A recent pilot study on how to control accumulation of marine organisms on heat exchangers of marine vessels show that applying ozone is both effective and sustainable. Large economic impact Marine bio-fouling, or accumulation of marine organisms on heat-exchangers for cooling systems, is a challenge in the maritime sector and has both an economic ...

Effect of sludge retention time on membrane bio-fouling using different type and pore size of membranes in a submerged membrane bioreactor

by IWA Publishing  (Dec. 3, 2012)

The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of sludge retention time (SRT) on membrane bio-fouling. An activated sludge reactor was operated at three different SRTs (10, 30, and 50 days). Submerged membrane experiments were performed when the mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) concentration reached the steady state conditions. ...

Controlling Scale Deposition and Industrial Fouling

by Scalewatcher North America Inc  (Nov. 28, 2012)

It costs US industry billions of dollars a year to control and remove the limescale that builds up in industrial equipment such a heat exchangers, evaporative coolers, boilers, chillers and other water fed equipment. Oil wells, for example, face significant scaling problems from the highly mineralized water that are extracted with the ...

Optimizing Reverse Osmosis Membrane Life case study

by ChemTreat, Inc.  (Oct. 9, 2014)

Background An Independent District Heating and Cooling Facility used a municipal Lake Michigan water supply to operate a reverse osmosis system with three 200- gpm trains and was experiencing highpressure differentials and short runs between cleanings. The water had an SDI of 5–6 prior to the prefilters and an SDI of 3–4 after the ...

Membrane biofouling mechanism in an aerobic granular reactor degrading 4-chlorophenol

by IWA Publishing  (Apr. 24, 2014)

The membrane fouling of an aerobic granular reactor coupled with a submerged membrane in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was evaluated. The fouling analysis was performed by applying microscopy techniques to determine the morphology and structure of the fouling layer on a polyvinylidene fluoride membrane. It was found that the main cause of ...

Fouling of low-pressure membranes during drinking water treatment: effect of NOM components and biofiltration pretreatment

by IWA Publishing  (Jun. 12, 2014)

Fouling is a major challenge for low-pressure membrane drinking water treatment systems. Previous research has demonstrated that under the right conditions, biofiltration is an effective method to reduce fouling of low-pressure polymeric membranes. This study provides additional insight into the effect of biofiltration as a pretreatment for ...

Tensile deformation of polytetrafluoroethylene hollow fiber membranes used for water purification

by IWA Publishing  (Oct. 20, 2014)

The tensile deformation behavior of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) hollow fiber membranes is studied. PTFE membranes at present have sub-micron pores with an open cell structure, which plays a critical role in water purification. One of the main challenges in water purification is that the pore structure becomes covered with biofouling, leading ...

Integrated approach for biofouling control

by IWA Publishing  (Dec. 1, 2010)

Despite extensive research efforts, past and present strategies to control biofouling problems in spiral-wound nanofiltration and reverse osmosis membranes have not been successful under all circumstances. Gaining insight in the biofouling process is a first necessity. Based on recent insights, an overview is given of 12 potential complementary ...

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