biological oxygen demand removal Articles

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Performance and metabolic aspects of a novel enhanced biological phosphorus removal system with intermittent feeding and alternate aeration

by IWA Publishing  (Apr. 24, 2014)

A novel enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) system, which combined the intermittent feeding design with an anaerobic selector, was examined using on-line oxidation reduction potential (ORP), nitrate and ammonium probes. Two experimental periods were investigated: the aerobic and anoxic phases were set at 40 and 20 minutes respectively ...

Toxicity reduction and biodegradability enhancement of cork processing wastewaters by ozonation

by IWA Publishing  (Nov. 29, 2013)

Biodegradability enhancement and detoxification of cork boiling wastewater (CBW) are required for the successful implementation of biological treatment options. We studied the possibility of achieving these goals through ozonation pre-treatment by experimenting on the effect of ozone dose and pH. The CBW used had a pH of 5.81, a chemical oxygen ...

The impact of slowly biodegradable organic compounds on the oxygen uptake rate in activated sludge systems

by IWA Publishing  (Mar. 19, 2014)

The hydrolysis process of slowly biodegradable substrate (XS) has an impact on the efficiencies of nutrient removal in activated sludge systems. Measurement of oxygen utilization rates (OURs) and corresponding chemical oxygen demand (COD) is accepted as a very useful tool to reflect the consumption of biodegradable substrates. The influence of ...

Non-linear modeling using fuzzy principal component regression for Vidyaranyapuram sewage treatment plant, Mysore – India

by IWA Publishing  (Sep. 29, 2014)

Fuzzy principal component regression (FPCR) is proposed to model the non-linear process of sewage treatment plant (STP) data matrix. The dimension reduction of voluminous data was done by principal component analysis (PCA). The PCA score values were partitioned by fuzzy-c-means (FCM) clustering, and a Takagi–Sugeno–Kang (TSK) fuzzy ...

Enhanced physicochemical-biological sewage treatment process in cold regions

by IWA Publishing  (Nov. 18, 2014)

Biological treatment processes give relatively poor pollutant removal efficiencies in cold regions because microbial activity is inhibited at low temperatures. We developed an enhanced physicochemical-biological wastewater treatment process that involves micro-membrane filtration, anaerobic biofilter, and aerobic biofilter to improve the ...

Membrane treatment of the bleaching plant (EPO) filtrate of a kraft pulp mill

by IWA Publishing  (Sep. 17, 2014)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of membrane technology to treat oxygen and peroxide-reinforced extraction stage (EPO) filtrate from a kraft pulp mill bleach plant. Three different types of tubular membranes were tested in a pilot plant: (i) tight ultrafiltration (UF); (ii) open UF followed by nanofiltration (UF + NF); ...

Biological nitrate removal using waste-derived extracts as sole carbon source

by Inderscience Publishers  (Sep. 2, 2014)

Waste-derived multicomponent extracts were investigated as carbon source for biological nitrate removal. Aerobic and anaerobic sludge from a municipal wastewater treatment plant and leachate from an anaerobic digester treating food waste were studied. Alkaline-heat treatment was used for sludge solubilisation. More than 90% carbon was recovered ...

A new oxic-settling-anaerobic (NOSA®) activated sludge process for minimizing excess sludge in secondary biological treatment plants: a pilot-scale evaluation of the absorption–biodegradation process

by IWA Publishing  (Aug. 8, 2013)

This study compared the sludge reduction performance of a new oxic-settling-anaerobic (NOSA) process with that of a conventional adsorption–biodegradation process. A 50 m3/d pilot trial system with two different process configurations was operated for 6 months. The NOSA process functioned effectively in removing both chemical oxygen ...

Fate of organic matter during moderate heat treatment of sludge: kinetics of biopolymer and hydrolytic activity release and impact on sludge reduction by anaerobic digestion

by IWA Publishing  (May 7, 2014)

Temperature-phased anaerobic digestion with a 50–70 °C pre-treatment is widely proposed for sludge. Here, such a sludge pre-treatment (65 °C) was studied against the physical, enzymatic and biodegradation processes. The soluble and particulate fractions were analysed in terms of biochemical composition and hydrolytic ...

Degradation and changes in toxicity and biodegradability of tetracycline during ozone/ultraviolet-based advanced oxidation

by IWA Publishing  (Oct. 20, 2014)

Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) composed of O3, H2O2 and ultraviolet (UV) were applied to degrade tetracycline (TC). Degradation efficiency was evaluated in terms of changes in absorbance (ABS) and total organic carbon (TOC). The change in biotoxicity was monitored with Escherichia coli and Vibrio fischeri. The improvement in ...

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