biological oxygen demand removal Articles

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Performance and metabolic aspects of a novel enhanced biological phosphorus removal system with intermittent feeding and alternate aeration

by IWA Publishing  (Apr. 24, 2014)

A novel enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) system, which combined the intermittent feeding design with an anaerobic selector, was examined using on-line oxidation reduction potential (ORP), nitrate and ammonium probes. Two experimental periods were investigated: the aerobic and anoxic phases were set at 40 and 20 minutes respectively ...

Linking sanitation and wastewater treatment: From evaluation on the basis of effluent pollutant concentrations to evaluation on the basis of pollutant removal efficiencies

by IWA Publishing  (Jul. 24, 2014)

In both developed and developing countries, centralised and on-site wastewater treatment systems have been developed for a long time. The main function of the wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) should be removal of pollutants including organic carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus. Technologies applied to WWTPs are mostly with biological functions such ...

Membrane treatment of the bleaching plant (EPO) filtrate of a kraft pulp mill

by IWA Publishing  (Sep. 17, 2014)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of membrane technology to treat oxygen and peroxide-reinforced extraction stage (EPO) filtrate from a kraft pulp mill bleach plant. Three different types of tubular membranes were tested in a pilot plant: (i) tight ultrafiltration (UF); (ii) open UF followed by nanofiltration (UF + NF); ...

Toxicity reduction and biodegradability enhancement of cork processing wastewaters by ozonation

by IWA Publishing  (Nov. 29, 2013)

Biodegradability enhancement and detoxification of cork boiling wastewater (CBW) are required for the successful implementation of biological treatment options. We studied the possibility of achieving these goals through ozonation pre-treatment by experimenting on the effect of ozone dose and pH. The CBW used had a pH of 5.81, a chemical oxygen ...

Non-linear modeling using fuzzy principal component regression for Vidyaranyapuram sewage treatment plant, Mysore – India

by IWA Publishing  (Sep. 29, 2014)

Fuzzy principal component regression (FPCR) is proposed to model the non-linear process of sewage treatment plant (STP) data matrix. The dimension reduction of voluminous data was done by principal component analysis (PCA). The PCA score values were partitioned by fuzzy-c-means (FCM) clustering, and a Takagi–Sugeno–Kang (TSK) fuzzy ...

SANASA Capivari II – the first full-scale municipal membrane bioreactor in Latin America

by IWA Publishing  (Jul. 23, 2014)

The macro region of Campinas (Brazil) is rapidly evolving with new housing developments and industries, creating the challenge of finding new ways to treat wastewater to a quality that can be reused in order to overcome water scarcity problems. To address this challenge, SANASA (a publicly owned water and wastewater concessionaire from Campinas) ...

Degradation of atrazine by microbial consortium in an anaerobic submerged biological filter

by IWA Publishing  (Sep. 25, 2014)

Atrazine (2-chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamino-1,3,5-triazine) (ATZ) is one of the components of S-triazine. Due to its certain characteristics, ATZ causes pollution in various ecosystems and has been of concern for its probable carcinogenic effects on humans. Researchers have used chemical and physical methods for removing ATZ from the ...

Power Positive Resource Recovery

by BioCycle Magazine  (Aug. 22, 2014)

Using laws of thermodynamic analysis to evaluate the energy and power characteristics of wastewater and beneficial uses of biogas offers greater insight into best business practices and what is achievable. Growing numbers of waste-water treatment plants (WWTP) are striving to produce more power onsite. In recent years, there’s even been a ...

Biological treatment of pharmaceutical wastewater from the antibiotics industry

by IWA Publishing  (Feb. 26, 2014)

Pharmaceutical wastewater generated by an antibiotics (penicillin) company was treated by aerobic membrane bioreactors (MBRs) and sequencing batch reactors (SBRs). At a low organic loading rate of 0.22 kg-COD m−3d−1, both types of reactors were capable of treating the wastewater such that the treated effluent met the discharge ...

Simultaneous carbon and nitrogen removal from municipal wastewater in full-scale unaerated/aerated submerged filters

by IWA Publishing  (Jan. 16, 2014)

Characterization and evaluation of a biological submerged filter was carried out on a full-scale pilot plant performing removal of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and total nitrogen (TN) from pre-treated urban wastewater. The average influent values of BOD5, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and TN were 370, 1,015 and 60 mg/L, respectively. The pilot ...

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