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65 Books found

Advances in Applied Bioremediation

Bioremediation is a rapidly advancing field and the technology has been applied successfully to remediate many contaminated sites. The goal of every soil remediation method is to enhance the degradation, transformation, or detoxification of pollutants and to protect, maintain and sustain environmental quality.Advances in our understanding of the ecology of microbial communities capable of breaking down various pollutants and the molecular and bi

Applied Bioremediation and Phytoremediation

The production of a vast array of chemicals, especially petroleum compounds during the last century, has caused a serious deterioration in environmental quality. In this context, one major threat is posed by the continually expanding areas of contaminated soils and sediments.Biotechnological methods based on the biodegradation of environmental pollutants or phytoremediation of persistent organic contaminants and metals are being developed. Biore

Biodegradation and Bioremediation

The diverse metabolic capabilities of microorganisms and their interactions with hazardous organic and inorganic compounds have long been recognized. Microbial processes are environmentally compatible and can be integrated with non-biological processes to detoxify, degrade and immobilize environmental contaminants. Bioremediation, the application of biological methods, has been used successfully for soil remediation. For this volume, a number of

Bioremediation of Soils Contaminated with Aromatic Compounds

The present book represents a compilation of the major contributions of a NATO workshop on: Bioremediation of soils contaminated with aromatic compounds and took place in Tartu, Estonia. It demonstrated the importance and necessity of interdisciplinary research in modern environmental biotechnology. Next to the classical fields (microbiology, biochemistry, molecular biology) other aspects such as genome analysis and bioinformatics will become ...

Bioremediation of Soils Contaminated with Aromatic Compounds

The present book represents a compilation of the major contributions of a NATO workshop on: Bioremediation of soils contaminated with aromatic compounds and took place in Tartu, Estonia. It demonstrated the importance and necessity of interdisciplinary research in modern environmental biotechnology. Next to the classical fields (microbiology, biochemistry, molecular biology) other aspects such as genome analysis and bioinformatics will become ...

Biotechnology for the Environment: Soil Remediation

At the dawn of the 21st century, biotechnology is emerging as a key enabling technology for sustainable environmental protection and stewardship. Biotechnology for the Environment: Soil Remediation offers a state-of-the-art account of environmental biotechnology both in emerging and in more mature technological applications of soil remediation and cleanup of contaminated sites. Harnessing the potential of microorganisms and plants as ...

Challenges in Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Regulation of the Nuclear Legacy

A NATO workshop was held in September 2007 under the Security through Science framework to consider the current challenges in regulation of the nuclear legacy. The overall objective was to share East-West competence and experience in radiation protection and nuclear safety supervision of installations built during the cold war, particularly in relation to regulatory strategies for safe decommissioning of unique or unusual nuclear facilities and ...

Challenges in Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Regulation of the Nuclear Legacy

A NATO workshop was held in September 2007 under the Security through Science framework to consider the current challenges in regulation of the nuclear legacy. The overall objective was to share East-West competence and experience in radiation protection and nuclear safety supervision of installations built during the cold war, particularly in relation to regulatory strategies for safe decommissioning of unique or unusual nuclear facilities and ...

Chernobyl - What Have We Learned?

Twenty million people have been exposed to Chernobyl radionuclides through the Dnieper River aquatic pathways. This book presents a 20-year historical overview and comprehensive study results of the aquatic environment affected by the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident. During this time, many water quality management practices and countermeasures were enacted. The book presents in-depth analyses of these water remediation actions, using current ...

Chlorinated Paraffins

Chlorinated paraffins are one of the last classes of chlorinated compounds that are still being produced worldwide and used in high quantities in many applications. They are particularly used in cutting oils in the metal industry, but also as lubricants, plasticizers, flame retardants and as additives in adhesives, rubber, paints and sealants. This volume covers the state-of-the-art of methods for the synthesis and analysis of chlorinated paraff

Climate and Land Degradation

In many parts of the world, climatic variations are recognized as one of the major factors contributing to land degradation impacting on agricultural systems performance and management. To accurately assess sustainable land management practices, the climate resources and the risk of climate-related or induced natural disasters in a region must be known. Only when climate resources are paired with management or development practices can the land ...

Environmental Bioremediation Technologies

The rapid expansion and increasing sophistication of various industries in the past century has remarkably increased the amount and complexity of toxic waste effluents, which may be bioremediated by suitable plants & microbes, either natural occurring or tailor-made for the specific purpose. This technology is termed as bioremediation.Bioremediation is an eco- friendly, cost-effective and natural technology targeted to remove heavy metals, radio

Environmental Chemistry

Environmental chemistry is a new, fast developing science aimed at deciphering fundamental mechanisms ruling the behaviour of pollutants in ecosystems. Applying this knowledge to current environmental issues leads to the remediation of environmental media, and to new, low energy, low emission, sustainable processes. This book describes the state-of-the-art advances regarding the pollution of water, soils, atmosphere, food and living organisms by ...

Fish and Diadromy in Europe (ecology, management, conservation)

Most of the diadromous fish of the world have decreased in distribution and abundance since the beginning of the twentieth century. They are now threatened, and important conservation issues arise. The causes of these trends vary among species and basins but regional human impact (damming, pollution, fisheries) and global change (climate) are suspected to be responsible for these difficulties. This book contains selected papers from an ...

Groundwater

This book is the outcome of the invited topics from various international experts in the field of groundwater resource evaluation, characterization, augmentation, restoration, modeling and management. It comprehensively deals with the resource evaluation through remote sensing (RS) along with GIS, resistivity tomography for identification of potential bore-holes in hard rock region, aquifer parameterization through pumping tests, interpolation ...

In Situ Bioremediation of Perchlorate in Groundwater

This volume presents a critical analysis and timely synthesis of the past decade of intensive research, development, and demonstrations on the in situ bioremediation of perchlorate in groundwater. The intended audiences include the decision makers, practicing engineers and hydrogeologists who will select, design, and operate these remedial systems, as well as researchers seeking to improve the current state-of-the-art. Our hope is that this ...

Industrial Applications

This volume gives a survey of the state of the art in the traditional fields of industrial mycology as well as of selected novel applications of fungi. The first section deals with the use of fungi in the production and processing of bread, cheese, beer and wine, traditional Asian fermentation products and edible mushrooms. The second section is devoted to the production of fungal metabolites and enzymes representing value-added products. In ...

Innovative Approaches to the On-Site Assessment and Remediation of Contaminated Sites

The in-situ and on-site assessment and remediation of contaminated sites, together with risk-based management and control of hazardous substances, are potentially less expensive than other assessment and remediation approaches, while maintaining accuracy and effectiveness. Cost-effective remedial and management approaches that are also effective in minimizing exposure and risk to human health and the environment are a critical need throughout ...

Land Use and Soil Resources

Land-use change is one of the main drivers of many environmental change processes. It influences the basic resources of land use, including the soil. Its impact on soil often occurs so creepingly that land managers hardly contemplate initiating ameliorative or counterbalance measures. Poor land management has degraded vast amounts of land, reduced our ability to produce enough food, and is a major threat to rural livelihoods in many developing ...

Manual for Soil Analysis - Monitoring and Assessing Soil Bioremediation

Reliable methods for monitoring and assessing soil quality are a prerequisite for successful soil bioremediation projects. The fifth volume of Soil Biology presents detailed descriptions of selected methods for evaluating, monitoring and assessing bioremediation treatments of soils contaminated with organic pollutants or heavy metals.Traditional soil investigation techniques, including chemical, physical and microbiological methods, are compleme

65 Books found
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