Effective from June 1, 2012, Annex XVII of the EU Directive known as REACH extends the list of restricted CMR substances (carcinogenic, mutagenic or repro-toxic) as categories 1A and 1B.
Previously defined as categories 1 and 2 and now tagged categories 1A and 1B, the extended list of CMR substances in REACH Annex XVII entries 28-30 (appendices 1-6) was published five years ago in the Official Journal of the European Union as a corrigendum on May 29, 2007 and this is now effective. CMR substances in this list and mixtures or products that contain them are prohibited from being sold to the public in the EU in concentrations that exceed the specified limits.
The list of category 1A and 1B substances classified as CMR was significantly expanded by Regulation (EU) 109/2012 in February 2012. These changes align these CMR substances to Regulation (EC) 790/2009, an amendment known as the CLP Regulation (Classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures) (http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/chemicals/classification/index_en.htm).
REACH stipulates that substances on their own, in a mixture or incorporated within a product that are restricted in Annex XVII may not be manufactured, used or placed on the market unless they comply with the restriction (Article 67.1).
Examples of the carcinogenic (cancer causing) substances listed include benzene (1A), which is used as an intermediate chemical for plastics and synthetic fibers, in rubber, lubricants and dyes, as well as a solvent in inks and adhesives. Another classified as carcinogen is 4-aminoazobenzene (1B), commonly referred to as an azo dye, is used as a colorant for leather and textiles.
Classified as mutagenic substances (causing genetic change) is acrylamide (1B), which finds use in the manufacture of polyacrylamide polymers, as a textile printing paste and as an emulsion stabilizer in printing inks.
Whereas substances classified as repro-toxic (inhibiting reproduction or a cause of birth defects) include formamide, used in plastics such as EVA puzzle mats and as a softener for paper and fibers, and tris-(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP), which is used as a flame retardant for textiles, carpets, furniture, paints, electronics, toys and childcare articles.
About SGS REACH Services
SGS provides a range of services throughout its global network to ensure and certify compliance with REACH (http://www.sgs.com/en/Sustainability/Facilities-and-Production/Product-and-Packaging/REACH.aspx). These include consultancy on the legislation, providing suggestions for alternative manufacturing processes and substitute chemicals. In addition, SGS provides independent analytical laboratory testing for the presence of CMR substances as well as for substances of very high concern (SVHC) and other restricted substances in consumer products for the EU and international markets.
Please contact us if you require further information on this topic.
SGS Consumer Testing Services
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