evapotranspiration News

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Increasing green infrastructure ecosystem services in urban areas

by GLOBE Foundation  (Oct. 29, 2011)

A new model has been developed that could help metropolitan areas adapt to climate change by increasing ecosystem services provided by green spaces and farmland. This is done by calculating the percentage of evapotranspiring surface for different types of land use and the degree of fragmentation between ecosystems. To demonstrate how it works, ...

Forest management for climate change adaptation must fit the context

by European Commission, Environment DG  (May 14, 2013)

Forest management could help adaptation to climate change through its effects on water supply. A long-term US-based study has analysed the impact of forested land use changes on water flow into streams and rivers. It indicated that converting forests from deciduous to pine trees could help water storage in extreme wet conditions, but may be ...

Forest management for climate change adaptation must fit the context

by European Commission, Environment DG  (Mar. 19, 2013)

Forest management could help adaptation to climate change through its effects on water supply. A long-term US-based study has analysed the impact of forested land use changes on water flow into streams and rivers. It indicated that converting forests from deciduous to pine trees could help water storage in extreme wet conditions, but may be ...

Global water consumption increases frequency and intensity of low flows in rivers and streams

by European Commission, Environment DG  (Jan. 16, 2014)

Human water consumption has increased the frequency and intensity of periods of abnormally low flow in streams, new research suggests. The frequency of these events increased by 30% globally, largely due to use of water for irrigation, the researchers conclude. Between 1960 and 2010, global water consumption has more than doubled and currently ...

Research provides insight into the impacts of droughts in dry Alpine forests

by European Commission, Environment DG  (Sep. 19, 2013)

The impacts of drought on European trees are of high concern, especially under a changing climate. New research has indicated that, if summers become continually drier, sensitive species, such as larch and spruce, will suffer reduced growth in some Alpine areas. This could potentially compromise ecosystem services provided by forests in these ...

Living walls help cool buildings in hot climates

by European Commission, Environment DG  (Jul. 25, 2013)

Covering walls with plants can significantly reduce the temperature of building walls during hot summer months. A recent study of three different types of these ‘living walls’ in Italy suggests that they can be 20°C cooler than a bare wall on sunny days. An added advantage is that living walls can be retrofitted to existing ...

Taking earth`s temperature via satellite

by The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) - USDA  (Aug. 12, 2008)

Imagine adding a thermometer to Google Earth. That's the vision of Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists Martha Anderson and Bill Kustas, who see the need for high-resolution thermal infrared imaging tools--such as those aboard the aging Landsat satellites--as vital to monitoring earth's health. These thermal data are especially ...

OpenMI for climate modelling

by DHI Water & Environment  (Feb. 3, 2009)

In a novel approach to represent the coupling between the land surface and atmosphere, DHI and DMI (Danish Meteorological Institute) are exploiting OpenMI technology to link hydrological and climate models. Modelling the effects of climate change on the hydrological cycle requires a proper understanding of the water and energy exchange between the ...

Climate change can dry south Indian river, says new study

by SciDev.Net  (Mar. 1, 2012)

Climate change could lead to huge water shortages in southern India’s fertile Godavari river basin, a new study based on computer simulations shows. The study by scientists from India and Norway, started in February 2009, is part of several compiled into a book, 'Water and Climate Change: an integrated ...

Giumarra Reedley activates PureSense Soil Moisture Monitoring Systems and realizes immediate benefits

by PureSense Inc.  (Jun. 14, 2012)

One month after installing PureSense to manage irrigation for 80 acres of stone fruit trees, Giumarra Reedley, a division of the Giumarra Companies, is seeing promising results. Since PureSense's Field Monitoring Stations were installed, the orchard's root zone is already at least 12 inches deeper and trees are showing 8 to 14 inches of unexpected ...

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