chlorofluorocarbon Articles

  • Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) remediation case study 2002

    Project Description The project site is located in Northern California and was leased and operated as a chemical storage and solvent recovery operation from late 1972 through April 1993. During an earlier period, the site may also have been used as a waste transfer station. Previous investigations indicate that soil and groundwater at the site, and groundwater down-gradient (westward) from ...


    By GEO Inc

  • The environment: the road ahead

    Based on a paper given at the Environment North Seas Conference in Stavanger, August 1991, this paper examines the future for the environment. It begins by examining progress to date, e.g. control of chlorofluorocarbons, Sustainable Development is identified as the basis for the future, and must be turned from theory to practice. Through a mix of regulation and market led factors, industry will ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nor Cal 2002 Case Study (C3 Technology)

    The project site is located in Northern California and was leased and operated as a chemical storage and solvent recovery operation from late 1972 through April 1993. During an earlier period, the site may also have been used as a waste transfer station. Previous investigations indicate that soil and groundwater at the site, and groundwater down-gradient (westward) from the site, have been ...


    By GEO Inc

  • Technical implications of the 1987 Montreal Protocol for developing countries

    The 1987 Montreal Protocol, which came into force in 1989 and was subsequently strengthened by the 1990 and 1992 amendments, has profound implications for both developed and developing countries. The implications for developed countries have understandably received and continue to receive considerable attention. However, the implications for technology, industry, training and development, and the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Entropy added taxing methodology: a case study with domestic refrigerators in India

    Use of thermal engineering appliances, especially refrigerators and air conditioners has increased enormously in both industrial and in domestic sectors. They cause considerable environmental pollution due to the release of a large quantity of refrigerant (chlorofluorocarbons) and the use of a large quantity of power, generated mainly from low quality domestic coal. Also available energy or ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • South LA: CFC Case Study (C3 Technology)

    The Site location was an industrial facility located in the greater South Los Angeles region that manufactured chemicals for local petrochemical and other industrial operations from 1919 through late 1990’s. Refrigerants were initially produced in 1964 including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) such as trichlorofluoromethane (R-11), dichlorodifluoromethane ...


    By GEO Inc

  • R 22 refrigerant gas is on the way out and nearing end of phase out period

    R 22 refrigerant gas, widely used in numerous industrial applications, is being phased out. As the government mandated phase out continues, those facilities that have equipment using this chemical are rushing to impose measures that enable them to meet the requirements of the law. Numerous substances are suspected of causing great harm to our climate, the depletion of the ozone layer and ...


    By Verisae

  • Manmade chemicals a major cause of global climate change

    Although the Earth?s climate evolves naturally over time, the major cause of climate change that is harmful and lead to unfavorable weather, water patterns, growth patterns are due to the release of manmade chemicals. While these chemicals are necessary to produce certain items, operate essential refrigeration equipment, or make our daily lives easier, they are a danger to the environment and the ...


    By Verisae

  • Ozone-depleting substances 2013

    Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export, production, destruction and feedstock and process agent use of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union Background The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer entered into force in 1989 and aims to protect the stratospheric ozone layer by phasing out more than 200 substances, ...

  • How to decifer government laws for refrigerant gases (R-22 HCFCs)

    Refrigerant Gas Regulations for R-22 HCFCs: How the Government Mandates Monitoring and TrackingThe U.S. Clean Air Act is a regulation that spells out the EPA's role in air quality, especially in protecting the ozone layer and the tracking and reporting of Greenhouse Gases. The Act is maintained by the House of Representatives. The Clean Air Act has had changes made in the 1990s and again in 2008 ...


    By Verisae

  • Scientists call manmade chemicals like refrigerant gases a cause of climate change

    A major cause of climate change is the harm that is done to the Earth by man-made chemicals. Whilst chemicals, such as those used to produce day by day items, operate equipment and generally make life easier, are necessary, they present a threat to the environment. Governments around the world have set new regulations to limit the use of substances that contribute to global warming and deplete ...


    By Verisae

  • Ozone depleting substances (ODS) and The Montreal Protocol

    The Montreal Protocol, officially called the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer, is an international treaty created to reduce the damage being caused to the stratospheric ozone layer by air pollutants such as refrigerant gases. The ozone layer protects the earth from damaging UV-B radiation, which could lead to increased cases of skin cancer, damaged crops and marine ...


    By Verisae

  • Refrigerant Gas Tracking: The importance of AC/HVAC system maintenance

    Refrigerant gases are used in commercial facilities such as office buildings, hospitals and warehouses to maintain the climate and air quality. Refrigerant management includes maintaining the air conditioning (AC) or heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) units often used to maintain the environment in these buildings.Refrigerant gases have been around for many years. These gases are ...


    By Verisae

  • Ozone-depleting substances 2011 - Summary

    In 1989 the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer entered into force. It has the objective of protecting the stratospheric ozone layer by phasing out the production of substances that contribute to ozone depletion. The Protocol covers over 200 individual substances with a high ozone.depleting potential, including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), halons, hydrochlorofluorocarbons ...

  • Ozone-depleting substances 2012

    Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export, production, destruction and feedstock and process agent use of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union Background In 1989 the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone layer entered into force. It has the objective of protecting the stratospheric ozone layer by phasing out the ...

  • Refrigerant compliance includes calculating carbon emissions

    If you manage a facility using a refrigeration and air-conditioning (RAC) system or heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC-R) system, it’s time to comply with federal and state environmental laws regarding carbon emissions. To help reduce greenhouse gases, the law requires calculating carbon emissions. This means monitoring, collecting data and performing extensive reporting of CO2 ...


    By Verisae

  • Recent USEPA Rulings To Reduce GHGs

    Over the last few months the USEPA has begun to implement rules to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Not the traditional way by having affected facilities measure and reduce GHG emissions, but instead by encouraging operational changes to accomplish the same goal. 2 rulings that can affect businesses are discussed here. 1. Alternative refrigerants. This past December the USEPA announced ...


  • Can trading pollution like stocks help fight climate change?

    The gas produced by hog manure at farms across the U.S. punches holes in the ozone layer, overheats the planet, and angers neighbors with its peculiar odor, a mix of rotten egg and ammonia. All that's needed to clear the air is to cover the manure with a system of tarps that captures the gas, but many farms don't do it because it's too expensive. "If you don't give people incentives to come up ...


    By Associated Press

  • Economic Evaluation of Emission Reductions of HFCs, PFCs and SF6 in Europe

     Introduction The Kyoto Protocol under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) regulates emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC) are chemically related anthropogenic greenhouse gases. Because of their depleting ...

  • Refrigerant Gases (R-22 HCFCs): Understanding the laws regulating them

    The US Clean Air Act is a congressional law that explains the EPA's task in protecting air quality and the ozone layer. This Act is maintained by the House of Representatives. Major amendments were passed in 1990 and several other changes were made after that with still more pending related to mandatory reporting of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions.Refrigerant gases are those used in climate ...


    By Verisae

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