Domestic Air Articles

  • Modelling of CO
    2
    content in the atmosphere until 2300: influence of energy intensity of gross domestic product and carbon intensity of energy

    The study provides a model of CO2 content in the atmosphere based on the global carbon cycle and the Kaya identity. The influences of: 1) energy intensity of GDP; 2) carbon intensity of energy on CO2 trajectories are given under four scenarios. The results from the most optimistic and technologically challenging scenario show that the atmospheric CO2 concentration can stabilise at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Hydrodynamic characterisation of an airlift reactor for domestic wastewater treatment

    This study evaluates the hydrodynamic and mass–transfer behaviour of a 20–L airlift photobioreactor, employed for secondary wastewater treatment of domestic effluent. Gas hold–up (ε), as well as the volumetric mass transfer coefficient (kLa) was assessed as a function of superficial gas velocity (Ug) for both bi– and triphasic systems. In the experimental range of Ug ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • PM source apportionment analysis in the Venetian area

    A CALMET–CAMx system was implemented to investigate PM10 source apportionment in the urban area of Venice. The modelling system was run for two winter months on a domain covering most of the Veneto region with a 4 km resolution mesh and a 1 km nested grid over Venice and its mainland area, in order to distinguish the local emission contributions from the regional ones. A brute–force method was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air New Zealand: facing increased competition

    Due to globalisation of other airlines, Air New Zealand (NZ) faces increased competition on domestic routes. The Australian flag-carrier Qantas (QF) flies within New Zealand; yet, Air New Zealand has no routes within Australia. Likewise, Pacific Blue (DJ) flies within New Zealand, previously the domain of Air New Zealand. Dubai-based Emirates (EK) takes passengers across the Tasman Sea, but Air ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simultaneous domestic wastewater treatment and renewable energy production using microbial fuel cells (MFCs)

    Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) can be used in wastewater treatment and to simultaneously produce electricity (renewable energy). MFC technology has already been applied successfully in lab-scale studies to treat domestic wastewater, focussing on organic matter removal and energy production. However, domestic wastewater also contains nitrogen that needs to be treated before being discharged. The goal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preliminary study of osmotic membrane bioreactor: effects of draw solution on water flux and air scouring on fouling

    Preliminary study on a novel osmotic membrane bioreactor (OMBR) was explored. Objective of this study was to investigate the effects of draw solution on membrane flux and air scouring at the feed side on fouling tendency in a pilot OMBR system composing the anoxic/aerobic and forward osmosis (FO) processes. Domestic sewage was the raw feed, FO membrane from HTI and NaCl/MgSO4 draw solutions were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Update and revision of Turkish air quality regulation

    The Air Quality Assurance Regulation (AQAR) was issued on October 1986. This regulation was basically a direct translation of the German TA-Luft of 1984. The main purpose of AQAR was to control the effect of industry, domestic heating and Traffic on ambient air quality which previously had not adequately been represented. Two new regulations, "Industry Related Air Pollution Control Regulation" ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • ADMS-Urban: an air quality management system for traffic, domestic and industrial pollution

    The new version of the Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling System for urban environments, ADMS-Urban, is based on the same up-to-date physics as the ADMS model, outlined briefly here in Section 2. The basic model has been the subject of extensive validation studies: as part of this series of European Harmonisation Workshops; sponsored by HMIP (Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Pollution, now part of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental damage costs from airborne pollution in the major cities in China

    This paper estimates the environment external costs due to air pollutants via the impacts pathway approach used for ExternE project in the major cities in China over the period 2003-2006. The estimation results show that the external costs were US$ 20.15 billion in 2006, representing 2.28% of gross domestic product (GDP). This means that China suffered a lot for the air pollutants with the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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