Particulate Monitoring Articles

  • Study of particulates and metallic elements at a farm sampling site in central Taiwan

    The total suspended particle (TSP) concentration, dry deposition and wind speed were measured with a PS-1 sampler, a dry deposition plate and a Weather Monitor II (#7440), respectively, at the Experimental Farm of Thunghai University in Taiwan. Taiching Industrial Park, Taichung Cong Road (traffic) and a hospital incinerator are close to the sampling site. The sampling time was from August 2001 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advances in control of PM2.5 and PM2.5 precursors generated by the combustion of pulverised coal

    Particulate matter smaller than 2.5 mm in aerodynamic diametre (PM2.5) from coal-fired boilers is composed of directly emitted (primary) particles and particles formed from precursors (secondary particles). Technologies to reduce emissions of precursors to secondary PM2.5 emitted by coal-fired utility plants include wet and dry flue gas desulphurisation (FGD). Limestone forced ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A dispersion study of the aerosol emitted by fertiliser plants in the region of Serra do Mar Sierra, Cubatao, Brazil

    The dispersions of inhalable particulate matter emitted by the fertiliser plants at Cubatao (Brazil) were simulated using the Lagrangian dispersion model SPRAY. Wind fields and other meteorological variables were obtained with the model RAMS. The results of these simulations were compared with the source apportionment performed by chemical mass balance on samples of the local aerosol.Keywords: ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Roadside particulate levels at 30 locations in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

    Roadside particulate levels (PM10) at 30 locations throughout the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal are reported. There were seven sampling cycles from January to December 1999. PM10 levels ranged between 1000 and 6000 µ/m³ for 1-h sampling. There was no consistent trend in PM10 levels with respect to monitoring cycle, average precipitation or wind speed. There is no WHO ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of particulates in the urban atmosphere of Sao Carlos, Brazil

    A survey on the concentration of particulate matter in the urban atmosphere was carried out in the city of Sao Carlos, Brazil. Five sites were selected for data collection one in the city centre (high concentration of people and automotive vehicles), three in industrial areas, and one at the interface with the countryside. The particle size distribution and mass concentration, temperature, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • PM10 and PM2.5 - legislation, measurement and control

    New standards for PM10 and PM2.5 in ambient air are being formulated in Europe and the USA. There is much controversy over this legislation, not only with respect to the stringent limits proposed, but also due to the many problems associated with ensuring compliance with standards for a pollutant which is so poorly understood. New sampling and analysis techniques ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air pollution at the Bily Kriz mountains in the Czech Republic

    An evaluation of air pollution at the Bily Kriz mountains in the Czech Republic is given. Annual daily concentrations of sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), particulate matter of size 10 mm (PM10) and ozone (O3) measured in the years 1994–2000 are presented. Air pollution at Bily Kriz is assessed with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Characteristic study of particulates and metallic elements at an urban sampling site in Taichung, central Taiwan

    Atmospheric total suspended particulate concentrations and metallic element concentrations were measured at three locations, characteristic of urban, suburban and rural sites. The sampling period was from July 2000 to August 2000. The results indicated that the urban sampling site had the highest total suspended particulate concentrations (average 108.61µ1m³), followed by the suburban site ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Personal exposure to particulate air pollution in transport microenvironments

    Personal measurements of exposure to particulate air pollution (PM10, PM2.5, PM1) were simultaneously madeduring walking and in-car journeys on two suburban routes in Northampton, UK, during the winter of 1999/2000.Comparisons were made between concentrations found in each transport mode by particle fraction, between differentparticle fractions by transport mode, and between transport ...


    By Elsevier

  • A Special Issue of the Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association on the Particulate Matter Supersites

    This special issue of the Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association contains 15 peer-reviewed scientific papers from the specialty conference Particulate Matter Supersites Program and Related Studies, which was held in February 2005 in Atlanta, GA. Other peer-reviewed papers will appear in companion issues of the Journal of Geophysical Research, Aerosol Science and Technology, and ...

  • The Many Dimensions of Uncertainty Analysis in LCA (PDF)

    Uncertainty comes into play when analysts, databases, or reports make statements or assertions about something in the real world based on Life Cycle Assessment methods and data. These statements or assertions can be either quantitative or qualitative. An example of a quantitative statement within LCA might be, “the total ‘embodied’ carbon dioxide emissions caused by generating a kilo-watt hour in ...

  • New Advances in Wet Scrubbing Improvements in Efficiencies

    Of all the air pollution abatement technologies, wet scrubbing systems remain the most versatile and cost efficient. New, patented advances in venturi scrubbing of air particulate, aerosols and gases easily achieves removal efficiencies greater than 99% for particulate and aerosols less than 3 Fm. Sub-micron particles present a special concern because they cause (at the very least) irritation of ...


    By Altech Technology Systems

  • Emission Testing of Engines to be Installed in Non-Road Mobile Machinery

    The European Commission has founded a project on emission testing – 'Emission Testing of Engines to be installed in Non-Road Mobile Machinery'. The project was undertaken by Abgasprüfstelle Berlin-Adlershof GmbH in Germany. The work is a part of emission inventory of spark-ignition engines to be used as a basis for a future amendment of the Directive 97/68/EC. The inventory covers seven different ...

  • Sample Handling Strategies for Accurate Lead-In-Soil Measurements in the Field and Laboratory

    ABSTRACT The inhomogenous lead-in-soil matrix can present serious obstacles to accurate sample collection and handling. In typical lead-in-soil measurement, particle size related errors in sampling and sample handling often exceed all other sources of error. The magnitude of error can vary widely depending on the particulate nature of the lead contaminant and the effectiveness of control ...

  • Experimental Assessment of Particulate Measurement Instrumentation

     Introduction The European Commission has funded a project called 'Experimental assessment of particulate measurement instrumentation'. The project was undertaken by AEA Technology in the United Kingdom. The work comprised two phases: Phase 1: Literature review to help formulate the recommendations for measuring techniques to be investigated in Phase 2. ...

  • Polyurethane Foam as an Effective Adsorbent for Pesticides in Air (GC Analysis)

    Polyurethane foam (PUF) is a lightweight, easy-to-use material for sampling pesticides in air. Low back pressure allows sampling times and representative samples. A PUF filter cartridge designed to attach to the front of an ORBO-1000 PUF sampling cartridge traps aerosols and particulate matter, is easily and conveniently assembled, and can be removed from the ORBO-1000 cartridge and capped ...


    By MilliporeSigma

  • Dye and Pigment Manufacturing Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Monitoring Airborne Contaminants in Workplace Atmospheres, Using Sampling Devices and GC or HPLC

    Workers' exposure to hazardous substances must be held within acceptable limits. Therefore, airborne contaminant vapor and particles (including aerosols) in industrial atmospheres must be monitored. In the United States, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) offer, for many such substances, specific ...


    By MilliporeSigma

  • Least-Cost Approaches to Reducing Acid Emissions

    ' The costs of meeting sulfur emission targets can be high. It is essential, therefore, that countries adopt policies which (a) minimize the net economic and social costs of reducing emissions to the agreed target levels, and (b) maximize the overlap between measures designed to reduce acidifying emissions and those addressing other forms of air pollution. This note discusses alternative ...


    By The World Bank

  • Monitoring Environmental Quality

    ' In order to determine the effectiveness of actions to improve environmental quality it is necessary to be able to measure relevant environmental parameters at a level of detail which is accurate enough to distinguish the anticipated changes. However, the establishment and maintenance of monitoring systems is time-consuming and expensive and therefore the scale of such systems needs to be kept ...


    By The World Bank

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