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Scrubber Systems Applications

  • Sulfide Oxidation with Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)

    Sulfide Odor Control Sulfide is found throughout the environment as a result of both natural and industrial processes. Most sulfide found in nature was produced biologically (under anaerobic conditions) and occurs as free hydrogen sulfide (H2S) - characterized by its rotten egg odor. We are most likely to encounter biogenic H2S in sour groundwaters, swamps and marshes, natural gas deposits, and sewage collection/treatment systems. Manmade sources of H2S typically occur as a result of natural materials containing sulfur (e.g., coal, gas and oil) being refined into industrial products. For a variety of reasons - aesthetics (odor control), health (toxicity), ecological (oxygen depletion in receiving waters), and economic (corrosion of equipment and infrastructure) - sulfide laden wastewaters must be handled carefully and remediated before they can be released to the environment. Typical discharge limits for sulfide are < 1 mg/L. Sulfide Treatment Alternatives There are dozens of alternatives for treating sulfide laden waters, ranging from simple air stripping (for the low levels present in groundwaters) to elaborate sulfur recovery plants (used to treat several tons per day at refineries and coal burning power plants). There are processes based on biology (using compost filters, scrubbing media, or inhibition/disinfection), chemistry (oxidation, precipitation, absorption, and combination), and physics (adsorption, volatilization, and incineration). Each process occupies a niche which is often defined by the scale and continuity of treatment, whether the sulfide is in solution or is a gas, the concentration of sulfide involved, and the disposition of the sulfide containing medium. However, for reasons relating to convenience and flexibility, chemical oxidation (using hydrogen peroxide) continues to grow in its scope of application. Treatment with Hydrogen Peroxide While other peroxygens such as permonosulfuric (Caro’s) acid, peracetic acid, and persulfates will oxidize sulfide, their use for this application is overkill. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is considerably simpler and more cost-effective. H2O2 may control sulfides in two ways, depending on the application: Prevention - by providing dissolved oxygen which inhibits the septic conditions which lead to biological sulfide formation; and Destruction - by oxidizing sulfide to elemental sulfur or sulfate ion.

    By USP Technologies based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA).

  • Applications and Air Pollutants Removed in the Petroleum/Petrochemical Industry

    Scrubbing of Hydrogen sulfide, mercaptans and other organosulfur compounds from sour gas and other sources. Proprietary regenerative scrubbing chemistries for hydrogen sulfide removal with sulfur production. By-product production systems for producing sodium hydrosulfide (Nash) from hydrogen sulfide. Sulfur dioxide scrubbing. Recover catalyst dust from FCC units. HCL storage tank vent scrubbing. Removal of HCL and particulate from thermal oxidizers burning chlorinated plastics. Marine drilling platforms sulfur dioxide thermal oxidizer emissions.  Asphalt plant scrubbers and hydrogen sulfide emissions from holding tanks. Pilot plant scrubber systems for hydrogen sulfide. Removal of halogenated and sulfur bearing gaseous compounds from high temperature thermal oxidizers and drilling platforms waste. Well drilling hydrochloric acid storage tanks.

    By Bionomic Industries Inc. based in Mahwah, NEW JERSEY (USA).

  • Electrostatic Precipitator

    An electrostatic precipitator (ESP), or electrostatic air cleaner is a particulate collection device that removes particles from a flowing gas (such as air) using the force of an induced electrostatic charge. Electrostatic precipitators are highly efficient filtration devices that minimally impede the flow of gases through the device, and can easily remove fine particulate matter such as dust and smoke from the air stream.[1] In contrast to wet scrubbers which apply energy directly to the flowing fluid medium, an ESP applies energy only to the particulate matter being collected and therefore is very efficient in its consumption of energy (in the form of electricity).

    By MEVADHASHMA based in Coimbatore, INDIA.

  • Applications and Air Pollutants Removed in the Food Products Industry

    Complete line of dry and wet collectors for applications requiring removal of particulate from dryers, mixers, blenders and tanks. Odor control wet chemical scrubbers with liquid or gas phase oxidation chemistries and Bioscrubber systems to control odoriferous food products, ingredients and flavor emissions from processes and dryers including fish odors. Corn acidulation and starch processing acid and ethylene oxide emissions. Remove smoke house emissions and particulate, grease and odors from meat cookers and fryers. Ethanol emissions from baking ovens. Ammonia from refrigerant evacuation. Sodium hydroxide mists from CIP cleaning of tanks and equipment. Waste heat recovery and more. 

    By Bionomic Industries Inc. based in Mahwah, NEW JERSEY (USA).

  • Electrostatic Precipitator

    An electrostatic precipitator (ESP), or electrostatic air cleaner is a particulate collection device that removes particles from a flowing gas (such as air) using the force of an induced electrostatic charge. Electrostatic precipitators are highly efficient filtration devices that minimally impede the flow of gases through the device, and can easily remove fine particulate matter such as dust and smoke from the air stream.[1] In contrast to wet scrubbers which apply energy directly to the flowing fluid medium, an ESP applies energy only to the particulate matter being collected and therefore is very efficient in its consumption of energy (in the form of electricity).

    By MEVADHASHMA based in Coimbatore, INDIA.

  • Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP) Equipment for Waste Water Treatment Industry

    Since 1986, Zhongyi has designed and manufactured a variety of FRP equipment for waste water treatment industry, such as: Shop fabricated(vertical and horizontal) tanks for storage, mixing and collecting. On site fabricated tanks. Piping, tees, elbows, flanges, reducers. Stacks, scrubbers, strippers. Hoods, covers, supports.

    By Zhongyi GRP Industrial based in Jizhou, CHINA.

  • Measurement solution for organic vapour speciation

    Protea has deployed FTIR gas analysers in many projects requiring the monitoring of complex mixes of VOCs. In the chemical and pharmaceutical industry, scrubbers and carbon-bed abatement plants are typical installations where the use of Protea FTIR analysers and our chemometric expertise have proved valuable to plant operators. They prove an invaluable tool in process measurements and emissions monitoring. In the laboratory, Protea can deliver instruments with all the chemometric software and support to enable users to measure hundreds of gases.

    By Protea Limited based in Middlewich, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Applications and Air Pollutants Removed in Nuclear Fuel Processing – Energy-Nuclear Power

    Removal of uranium hexafluoride particulate and other radioactive compounds from processing operations.

    By Bionomic Industries Inc. based in Mahwah, NEW JERSEY (USA).

  • Applications and Air Pollutants Removed in Municipal Water Treatment Plants

    Applications include: emergency chlorine scrubber systems for cylinder storage area. Removal of powdered carbon particulate emitted from storage silo vents during the loading operation. 

    By Bionomic Industries Inc. based in Mahwah, NEW JERSEY (USA).

  • Applications and Air Pollutants Removed in the Fiberglass Industry

    Removal of urea and phenol formaldehyde resin and fibers from sizing dye operations, particulate and blue haze emissions from fiberglass mat ovens. Removal of styrene emissions from fiberglass composite manufacturing operations.

    By Bionomic Industries Inc. based in Mahwah, NEW JERSEY (USA).

  • Applications and Air Pollutants Removed in the Metal Mining Industry

    Complete line of wet scrubbers for all metals mining applications. Scrubbers for removal of acid gases, particulate and mists from acidulation, reaction tanks and dryers. Sulfuric acid, sulfur dioxide, ammonia and hydrogen cyanide removal. Control of micron and submicron size particulate metal fumes from rotary furnaces.   

    By Bionomic Industries Inc. based in Mahwah, NEW JERSEY (USA).

  • Applications and Air Pollutants Removed in the Sand and Rock Products Industries

    Removal of silica sand from dryers. Crushing and material handling operations.

    By Bionomic Industries Inc. based in Mahwah, NEW JERSEY (USA).

  • Biological waste water treatment plants solutions for municipalities

    A wide variety of sludge, including municipal sewage sludge, are treated in anaerobic digesters.

    By HydroThane STP BV based in KC `s Hertogenbosch, NETHERLANDS.

  • Applications and Air Pollutants Removed for Fire Training facilities

    Complete smoke scrubbing emission control systems from flashover Class A type training simulators.

    By Bionomic Industries Inc. based in Mahwah, NEW JERSEY (USA).

  • Odor Scrubbers Applications with Hydrogen Peroxide

    Hydrogen Peroxide as a Replacement for Sodium Hypochlorite Hydrogen peroxide may be used in both mist scrubbers and packed tower scrubbers as a replacement for sodium hypochlorite (bleach). Like bleach, the process involves two concurrent mechanisms: 1) absorption of the odors (H2S) into the alkaline scrubbing solution; and 2) oxidation of the absorbed sulfide in solution. Step 1: H2S + NaOH → NaSH + H2O Step 2: 4H2O2 + H2S → H2SO4 + 4H2O Typical dose ratios are 5 parts H2O2 per part H2S or, when used in place of bleach, one gallon 50% H2O2 for every 10 gallons of 15% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). This generally translates into a break-even cost scenario. Sufficient caustic soda (NaOH) is added to maintain a pH of 10.0 - 10.5 in the scrubbing solution. There is also in practice a process which uses H2O2 in series with bleach to scrub composting odors. This process relies on a series of three packed tower scrubbers: the first is a pH neutral water wash (to remove ammonia and amine odors); the second uses a conventional caustic/bleach solution in which the bleach is purposely overdosed (to oxidize the complex organic sulfur odors); and the third uses a caustic/H2O2 solution (to remove the unreacted chlorine vapors carried over from the second stage). H2O2 + HOCl → HCl + H2O + O2 Typical dose ratios are 0.5 parts H2O2 per part hypochlorite (OCl-), with sufficient caustic soda (NaOH) added to maintain a pH of 8.5 in the scrubbing solution.

    By USP Technologies based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA).

  • Applications and Air Pollutants Removed for Marine Power Plants

    Control of ship diesel engine emissions to meet MARPOL requirements for particulate ash and soot, sulfur dioxide and NOx. Special compact inline stack mounted space saving designs. Both open loop arrangements using sea water or closed loop using a range of chemical solutions.  Complete system offerings.

    By Bionomic Industries Inc. based in Mahwah, NEW JERSEY (USA).

  • Applications and Air Pollutants Removed for Wastewater Treatment Operations

    For industrial and municipal treatment plants; Chemical scrubbers, biological towers and adsorption systems to remove hydrogen sulfide, mercaptans, other organic sulfur compounds and ammonia from digesters, pump stations, ponds, grit and screening works, sludge filter presses and dryers. Special Wet Electrostatic Precipitator for sewage sludge incinerators. Stripping ammonia and other volatile compounds. Decarbonization removal of carbon dioxide from wastewater.

    By Bionomic Industries Inc. based in Mahwah, NEW JERSEY (USA).

  • Air scrubber wastewater solution

    Air Scrubbers strip out contaminants from exhaust stacks typically by trickling a stream of salt solution through a bed of media to extract contaminants by putting them into solution. The salts found in these solutions are typically sulfates, chlorides, and carbonates. Air Scrubber wastewater tends to have high total dissolved solids (TDS) or salts. Air Scrubber Wastewater cannot be simply flushed down the drain. Many companies choose to avoid the headaches of labor-intensive wastewater treatment technologies such as chemical treatment or filtration and simply pay to haul the wastewater. This however, can become quite expensive.

    By ENCON Evaporators based in Hooksett, NEW HAMPSHIRE (USA).

  • Incineration Industry Emissions Monitoring & Analysis

    Monitoring of emissions from incinerators is a demanding application for Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems. The emissions produced are highly corrosive, some of the gases are soluble and, because the waste being burnt is constantly changing, the resulting stack gas temperature varies widely.

    By Procal - Parker Hannifin Corp based in Peterborough, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP) Equipments for Chemical Process Industry

    With 30 years of fiberglass experience, Zhongyi engineers and manufactures Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic(FRP) equipment for chemical process industry includes:  Storage tanks, mixing tanks, process tanks. Piping & ductwork. Scrubbers, strippers, absorbers, reactors, decarbonator. Condenser & Humidifier.

    By Zhongyi GRP Industrial based in Jizhou, CHINA.

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