voc calibration standard Articles

  • Setting the standards for headspace sampling by PID

    The responsiveness of PIDs to virtually all VOCs has seen them become the accepted tool for initial site entry assessment, ensuring optimal detection of unknown and often toxic or hazardous chemicals found at hazardous waste sites and chemical emergencies. The speed and accuracy of modern PID equipment means that many worker and community safety concerns during initial and ongoing operations can ...


    By Ion Science

  • Case study : VOC analysis in ambient air by FID dectection - Complete system airmOzone

    Ozone concentration has been multiplied by 5 in the last century in the middle latitudes of the northern hemisphere from 10 PPB in 1874 to approximately 50 PPB today. This is an increase of 1.6% per year; the trend is probably higher (2.4% a year) over the last decades. (Chapter 1 of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program - World Climate Research Program) In order to stop this global ...


    By Chromatotec Group

  • Field Method Comparison between Passive Air Samplers and Continuous Monitors for VOCs and NO2 in El Paso, Texas

    This study evaluates the performance of Model 3300 Ogawa Passive Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) Samplers and 3M 3520 Organic Vapor Monitors (OVMs) by comparing integrated passive sampling concentrations to averaged hourly NO2 and volatile organic compound (VOC) measurements at two sites in El Paso, TX. Sampling periods were three time intervals (3-day weekend, 4-day weekday, and 7-day weekly) for three ...


    By Ogawa & Company, USA, Inc.

  • The MACT for petroleum refinery FCCs is a fraud!

    This paper is a continuation of the author's research on the MACT regulation for abating pollution from Petroleum Refinery FCCs in the US. This paper highlights the flaws in the recently promulgated MACT for NSPS and non-NSPS FCC units. It details the inadequacies and the potential for perversity in the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) that are an integral part of the FCC MACT. It ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Are your field soil screening procedures providing you with practical and accurate information?

    Untitled Document Environmental consulting activities frequently require that on-the-spot decisions be made in the field concerning the ...


    By Enviro-Equipment, Inc.

  • Field Detection of Chlorinated Alkenes in Well Water using the FROG-4000 Portable GC - Case Study

    Introduction Defiant’s FROG 4000, a portable GCPID system, was used to identify and determine the concentration of chlorinated alkenes in several extraction wells located in Tacoma Washington. Split samples were taken at each well and sent to an offsite lab for analysis. This case study examines the field exercise and highlights the high degree of agreement between the offsite lab and ...


    By Northern ANI Solutions Ltd.

  • Building on a legacy of PID development

    Summary From the 1970s to the present day, photo-ionisation detectors (PIDs) have been at the front line of efforts to detect volatile organic compounds. As industrial hygiene has become ever more important and exposure limits for VOCs have reduced, PID technology has continued to develop, providing reliable detection under challenging environmental conditions at concentrations right down to ...


    By Ion Science

  • Ozone Artifacts and Carbonyl Measurements Using Tenax GR, Tenax TA, Carbopack B, and Carbopack X Adsorbents

    INTRODUCTION Sampling of airborne volatile organic compounds (VOCs) using thermally desorbable solid adsorbents has proven its usefulness in many environmental applications and has become a routine technique1 with compelling advantages over canisters, especially when a large sample volume or sample transport is needed.2 Many adsorbents are available, and users are faced with the difficulty of ...


  • LDAR deficiencies lead to enhanced requirements

    Leak detection and repair (LDAR) programs are required as part of the standards established in 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 60 (NSPS), 40 CFR 61 (NESHAP), 40 CFR 63 (MACT), and 40 CFR 264 (Hazardous Waste Handling). An LDAR program is a facility’s system of procedures used to locate and repair leaking components (e.g., valves, pumps, connectors, compressors, and agitators) to ...


    By Trinity Consultants

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