Final effluent monitoring for wastewater treatment industry - Water and Wastewater - Water Monitoring and Testing
Many industries need to comply with a range of consent parameters that may include flow, pH, suspended solids, ammonia, COD and BOD. The latter two measurements can be determined using laboratory methods on discrete samples giving historic data. However there is a requirement for industry to regulate discharges in real time so where ever possible, TOC analysers have been installed, to continuously provide final effluent monitoring of the dissolved organic carbon. Since a correlation between the Total Organic Carbon content and the oxygen demand can often be established, this is a very powerful parameter indicating water quality.
Final effluent monitoring typically comprises ammonia and suspended solids (turbidity) although other water analysis such as BOD may also be performed on discrete samples. Ammonia is a critical water quality parameter since it is toxic to aquatic life and also indicates the extent of treatment. Rising ammonia concentrations indicates inefficient nitrification possibly due to poor aeration, insufficient liquor concentrations, nitrification inhibition due to toxicity, temperature or excessive hydraulic load. Continuous measurement data is therefore crucially important to confirm the treatment facility is operating efficiently. More recently, phosphate consents have also been imposed resulting in additional treatment and process control requirements.