Intrinsic kinetic tests involve adding relatively high concentrations of organic substrate to small concentration of acclimated microorganisms so that the COD/VSS ratio typically is greater than 10. Kinetic parameters are then determined by non-linear modeling using well-known relationships between biological growth and oxygen uptake.
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) has been used to reduce the BOD and COD of industrial wastewaters for many years. While the cost of removing BOD / COD through chemical oxidation with hydrogen peroxide is typically greater than that through physical or biological means, there are nonetheless specific situations which justify the use of hydrogen peroxide. These include: Predigestion of wastewaters which contain moderate to high levels of compounds that are toxic, inhibitory, or recalcitrant to biological treatment (e.g.,...
In anaerobic treatment, bacteria convert organic compounds (COD) to biogas in an environment without oxygen. Not only do the bacteria remove contaminating compounds from the effluent, thereby reducing discharge costs, they produce green energy at the same time.
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) is used as a measure of organic pollutants in water. In wastewater treatment, it indicates the efficacy of a treatment process and is expressed in milligrams per litre (mg/L) or parts per million (ppm). Removing certain fractions of COD in waste streams can be particularly challenging, especially to levels safe for discharge to the environment.
MIOX is the lowest cost supplier of chlorine for disinfection and oxidation of wastewater prior to discharge. Mixed Oxidant Solution (MOS) chemistry is more effective at biofilm control, Biochemical and Chemical oxygen demand removal (BOD/COD), breakpoint chlorination of ammonia and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) removal.
The solutions based on MBBR technology is mainly used in the following applications:
+ For new plants, especially those requiring a small footprint and easy operation, for BOD/COD and nitrogen removal
+ As a high loading system in front of existing biolog
THE AQQA FILTRATION TECHNOLOGY IS USED IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT TO: seperate the mixed liqour from the clear water phase in Membrane Bio Reactors (MBR). remove bacteria and virus from wastewater. remove particles (and attached organic and inorganic material) from any wastewater, thus reducing the freight of chemicals and the charges for the COD load (e.g. in Germany).
Aeration Process Introduction: Waste Water Treatment removes impurities and contaminants from a com¬munity`s sewage utilizing a number of different processes and a variety of equipment. One of the processes is the use of surface aerated basins that use aerobic micro-organisms to remove 80 to 90% of organic matter in waste water. Oxygen concentration in the water basins is a critical factor to promote the optimum micro-organism growth rate needed to treat the water in the shortest amount of time. As a result,...
The mining industry has the potential to use large amounts of wastewater in its operations. Often times these waste streams contain contaminants that require treatment before the water can be re-used or discharged. Biowater has successfully installed highly efficient biofilm treatment processes including our complete mix fixed film (CMFF®) system to remove BOD/COD, and nitrogen from mining waste streams. Biowater’s technologies, such as our CFIC® process, can produce effluent water quality that is...