Nitrogen is a nutrient essential to all forms of life as a basic building block of plant and animal protein. Nevertheless, too much of it can be toxic. The processes used for the removal of ammonium ions from drinking waters include ion exchange. PuriTech`s ION-IX system can be broken up into 4 distinctive zones with each zone operating continuously. The resin is initially loaded with the Ammonia ions (and partially calcium and magnesium)in the adsorption zone. As the ION-IX multi-port valve rotates, the resin...
Most nitrogenous materials in natural waters tend to be converted to nitrate, so all sources of combined nitrogen, particularly organic nitrogen and ammonia, should be considered as potential nitrate sources. Primary sources of organic nitrates include human sewage and livestock manure, especially from feedlots. The primary inorganic nitrates which may contaminate drinking water are potassium nitrate and ammonium nitrate both of which are widely used as fertilizers. According to the Toxics Release Inventory,...
For industrial and municipal treatment plants; Chemical scrubbers, biological towers and adsorption systems to remove hydrogen sulfide, mercaptans, other organic sulfur compounds and ammonia from digesters, pump stations, ponds, grit and screening works, sludge filter presses and dryers. Special Wet Electrostatic Precipitator for sewage sludge incinerators. Stripping ammonia and other volatile compounds. Decarbonization removal of carbon dioxide from wastewater.
MIOX is the lowest cost supplier of chlorine for disinfection and oxidation of wastewater prior to discharge. Mixed Oxidant Solution (MOS) chemistry is more effective at biofilm control, Biochemical and Chemical oxygen demand removal (BOD/COD), breakpoint chlorination of ammonia and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) removal.
Hydrogen Peroxide as a Replacement for Sodium Hypochlorite
Hydrogen peroxide may be used in both mist scrubbers and packed tower scrubbers as a replacement for sodium hypochlorite (bleach). Like bleach, the process involves two concurrent mechanisms: 1) absorption of the odors (H2S) into the alkaline scrubbing solution; and 2) oxidation of the absorbed sulfide in solution.
H2S + NaOH → NaSH + H2O
4H2O2 + H2S → H2SO4 + 4H2O
Typical dose ratios are 5 parts H2O2 per part H2S or, when...