It has been established that organic aerosol (OA) makes up for a major fraction of fine particulate matter in all region of the atmosphere. This fraction accounts approximately for half of the total PM2.5 dry mass.1,2 Primary OA is directly emitted in the troposphere from anthropological and natural sources whereas secondary OA (SOA) is formed in-situ in the atmosphere from the oxidation of biogenic or anthropogenic gas-phase precursors and subsequent partitioning of the less volatile products into the particle phase. The current number is that, on a global scale, SOA would represent around 60% of the overall OA.3 However, recent global mass-balance estimations for the removal of volatile organic compounds (VOC) suggest that this number could under-predicts SOA production.4 Recent field measurements in urban locations are also in support of a larger share, indicating that SOA is the dominant fraction of OA, with amounts considerably 20 greater than models predictions.
By Chromatotec Group based in Val de Virvée, FRANCE.
Tekran offers the only completely integrated, automated system for measuring mercury speciation in air. The Tekran 2537, when coupled to the Model 1130 and Model 1135 provides a continuous record of gaseous elemental mercury, gaseous oxidized mercury and particle-bound mercury. Over the past 12 years, the Tekran 2537-1130-1135 system has been the most significant tool used to advance the understanding of the fate and transport of atmospheric mercury. See the Expert’s Corner for details about international networks using the Tekran Atmospheric Mercury Speciation System.
By Tekran Instruments Corporation based in Toronto, ONTARIO (CANADA).
A large pharmaceutical plant runs a Thermal Oxidiser on plant to incinerate their solvent-containing gas streams before emission. When the oxidiser is offline, then the plant must monitor the release of solvent to the atmosphere. A ProtIR 204C fixed monitoring system was installed that continually measures 24 plant solvents, including Acetone, Cyclohexane, DCM, DMF, IPA, MIBK, Toluene and THF. Given the high levels that are possible, the system has an active dilution system, reducing the concentration of the measured gas in the analyser to levels that can be analysed simply. Chemometric modelling enables interferences from the overlapping absorption spectra to be accounted for, ensuring accurate analysis of all 24 gases.
By Protea Limited based in Middlewich, UNITED KINGDOM.
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