Temperature is an important factor in streams ecosystems. Heat tracers have been used to characterize contaminant transport, infiltration rates and energy exchange with groundwater, the atmosphere and radiation. The dynamics of these complicated water bodies is also affected by seasonal and diurnal patterns making characterization particularly challenging. Utilizing temperature measurements that capture spatial and temporal variations at stream ecosystem interfaces provides a mechanism for detailed characterization.
By Silixa Ltd based in Elstree, UNITED KINGDOM.
The Earth is warmed principally by the sun’s radiation which enters the atmosphere. However, not all the radiation penetrates the atmosphere as some is scattered back into space. The amount of back-scattering into space alters the amount of energy that is absorbed into the atmosphere. backscattering of this energy provides valuable information on the change of the earth’s radiation balance and how different activities (artificial and anthropogenic) can affect this delicately balanced system and thus influence global warming
By Ecotech Pty Ltd based in Knoxfield, AUSTRALIA.
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