A California refinery produces xylene for use as commercial product and a precursor for petrochemical manufacturing. A primary component to the production of xylene is the isolation and purification of the chemical from a complex mixture of petroleum hydrocarbons. Steam based heat exchangers are used to process the xylene. Inherent to the design and rough duty heat exchangers face during their operation, leaks can and do develop. When a heat exchanger leaks, xylene contaminates the steam and produces a number of problems ranging from loss of final product, contamination and fouling of steam transfer piping, and ultimately bio-fouling of cooling towers. Consistent and reliable monitoring for xylene or other petroleum hydrocarbons in cooling water or steam condensate can alleviate product loss and process equipment down time.
By Turner Designs Hydrocarbon Instruments, Inc. based in Fresno, CALIFORNIA (USA).
Monitoring Biomass in (Cooling Tower) Waters through ATP monitoring
The TOXcontrol can be used for ATP monitoring. Currently our company is doing research for further developments for this application on the TOXcontrol.
Monitoring the microbial population of cooling towers is necessary in order to maintain the proper operation of the system. Conventional methods for monitoring microbial populations work by culturing microorganisms, a time-consuming procedure that requires days or even weeks of incubation before the results are known. Biofouling can be well-advanced before treatment begins. In addition, it is believed that this technique does not detect the full range of microbial life present in cooling systems.
By microLAN B.V. based in Waalwijk, NETHERLANDS.
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