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bod water Applications

  • BOD and COD Removal

    Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) has been used to reduce the BOD and COD of industrial wastewaters for many years. While the cost of removing BOD / COD through chemical oxidation with hydrogen peroxide is typically greater than that through physical or biological means, there are nonetheless specific situations which justify the use of hydrogen peroxide. These include: Predigestion of wastewaters which contain moderate to high levels of compounds that are toxic, inhibitory, or recalcitrant to biological treatment (e.g., pesticides, plasticizers, resins, coolants, and dyestuffs); Pretreatment of high strength / low flow wastewaters – where biotreatment may not be practical – prior to discharge to a Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTW);Enhanced separation of entrained organics by flotation and settling processes; and Supply of supplemental Dissolved Oxygen (DO) when biological treatment systems experience temporary overloads or equipment failure. http://www.h2o2.com/industrial/applications.aspx?pid=104&name=BOD-COD-Removal

    By USP Technologies based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA).

  • TOC Correlation to BOD or COD

    Challenge: Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) are traditional parameters analyzed in the laboratory to determine organic matter in water and wastewater. Wastewater facility operators need to have constant data to monitor their discharges and optimize treatment processes (biological treatment, chemical dosing, etc). The requirements of BOD and COD analysis prevent them from being implemented as control parameters, however. The BOD five-day analysis time requirement does not allow an operator to use the data for process optimization and. although COD requires less time than the BOD, its analysis includes the use of hazardous chemicals and has no constant analysis capability.

    By GE Analytical Instruments based in Boulder, COLORADO (USA).

  • Membrane filtration systems for reduction of BOD/COD

    Reverse Osmosis Polishers can concentrate BOD/COD from evaporator condensate and RO permeate streams to reduce waste water. Polished water can also be re-used in plant for boiler water make-up and CIP systems. In Dairy Industry applications, `polishing` of these process water streams aids in the production of Class I water for re-use from dairy products as defined and regulated under Food & Drug Administration rules. Water produced with this technique is also very soft, generally resulting in lower cleaning chemical consumption.

    By GEA Filtration based in Hudson, WISCONSIN (USA).

  • Waste water respirometry solutions for process optimisation

    Respiration rate of activated sludge has been recognised as a key controlling element in the modelling of process control, by the International Water Association Task Group. Actual respiration rate of the sludge in the aeration tanks, as well as the endogenous and maximum respiration rates are variables that indicate the rate of BOD removal and aeration requirements. The maximum respiration rate is also closely linked to the Critical Oxygen Concentration point, that is, the point at which diffusion over the bacterial cell walls ceases and therefore biodegradation is significantly compromised.

    By Strathkelvin Instruments Ltd. based in North Lanarkshire, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Waste water respirometry solutions for toxicity based consents

    Water companies, water authorities or publicly-owned treatment works (POTW) need to have some knowledge of the composition of the wastes they it receive. In addition to testing for ammonia and BOD or COD levels, treatment works can license industrial discharges on the basis of concentrations of some of the known toxic compounds. However, it is recognised that very many non-regulated toxic materials still enter the treatment works and reduce the efficiency of biodegradation, and may cause toxic shock. The way is now open for more widespread use of direct toxicity tests as a basis for toxicity-based consents. Samples of the industrial effluent are collected at source, for testing on the actual bacteria of the receiving activated sludge. The tests used are the Respiration Inhibition Test and the Nitrification Inhibition Test. Note that this approach mirrors that of the regulators of discharges to receiving waters, who are now using direct toxicity tests (DTA) or whole effluent toxicity tests (WET tests) in order to protect the receiving environment.

    By Strathkelvin Instruments Ltd. based in Motherwell, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • US Peroxide Rapid Response

    US Peroxide (USP) is uniquely positioned to rapidly respond to your environmental treatment challenges. USP combines experienced applications and equipment field support with a large inventory of storage systems and pumping modules to respond quickly to time sensitive water and wastewater treatment situations. Advantages With considerable inventory of tank and pump systems as well as our partnerships with leading chemical suppliers, USP can mobilize chemicals and equipment quickly to respond to your rapid response needs, often within 24 hours. We offer dosing options are designed to meet all safety requirements and sized to meet your specific process and dosage rates requirements. Our Applications Engineers and Equipment and Engineering Services teams will provide timely and thorough applications assistance and technical support during the entire project. Download the Rapid Response Solutions Brochure (PDF) Sample Applications Examples of where our Rapid Response Program has successfully addressed treatment challenges include the following: Temporary application of hydrogen peroxide as a source of supplemental dissolved oxygen in biological treatment systems during periods of excessive BOD loading Hydrogen peroxide pretreatment of high strength wastewater to reduce toxicity or BOD/COD prior to biological treatment Emergency hydrogen peroxide treatment of lagoons or ponds to control hydrogen sulfide and other odors Shock cleaning of cooling water systems for biofouling and slime control

    By USP Technologies based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA).

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    Water quality monitoring for textile industry

    Wastewater from a textile facility contains a variety of dyes and organic chemicals from the manufacturing processes that are often difficult to treat. Spectral analysis is well suited for monitoring waste streams to identify problematic dyes prior to treatment. Continuous monitoring of effluent wastewater for BOD and COD helps to ensure effective treatment and quality of effluent to ensure regulatory goals are met prior to discharge.

    By Real Tech Inc. based in Whitby, ONTARIO (CANADA).

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    Environmental dewatering solutions for municipal sewage and wastewater treatment

    TenCate Geotube technology dewaters primary, secondary and overflow sludge from the sewage treatment plants’ digesters and lagoons. This municipal dewatering solution is used in water and wastewater treatment applications including lagoons, tanks, and digester cleanouts.  The containers can provide dewatering and containment in one operation, with 85% to 90% reduction of BOD in the effluent. Most of the time, the dewatered effluent is clear and safe enough to be returned to the sewage treatment plants.

    By TenCate Geosynthetics Netherlands bv based in AE in Nijverdal, NETHERLANDS.

  • Headworks Odor and Corrosion Control Using Hydrogen Peroxide

    Hydrogen Peroxide typically controls odors and corrosion at treatment plant headworks by direct oxidation of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) within the wastewater. In the direct oxidation mode, H2O2 is applied to the wastewater 5-30 minutes prior to the point where the odors are being released, generally as the wastewater line enters the plant boundary. The efficiency of hydrogen peroxide treatment depends upon the available reaction time, the level of iron in the wastewater (reaction catalyst), wastewater pH and temperature, and the initial and target levels of H2S odor. Under optimal conditions, effective dose ratios are 1.2 - 1.5 parts H2O2 per part dissolved sulfide, and can be reliably estimated through beaker tests. H2O2 + H2S → S0 + 2H2O Frequently, control of odors through the primary clarifiers is wanted. In such case, the mechanism of control is both direct oxidation of H2S (as it rises from the solids blanket), and prevention of odor generation (by supplying dissolved oxygen). Control is typically achieved with a booster dose of 1-2 mg/L H2O2 added to the clarifier influent. Higher doses or alternate modes of addition may be required in cases where: 1) hydraulic retention times are > 2-3 hours; 2) solids blanket depths are > 1-2 feet; 3) soluble BOD levels are > 200-300 mg/L; or 4) waste activated sludge is co-settled with the primary solids. 2H2O2 → O2 + 2H2O

    By USP Technologies based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA).

  • Force Main Systems Sulfide Odor Control with Hydrogen Peroxide

    Force main systems are typically high sulfide odor generators due to septicity conditions related to full pipe flow and a greater anaerobic slime layer (biofilm) thickness. Primary factors that influence sulfide loading generation in a force main include sewage temperature, BOD, retention time, pipe size and flow. Gaseous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) release at the force main discharge is usually the main concern related to odor and corrosion control needs; however, corrosion problems within the pipe can be of a concern (e.g. "crown cutting") at locations where air pockets can lead to concentrated H2S gas build up. Some basic considerations for assessing an appropriate sulfide odor treatment method for force main systems include: Retention time / duration of control Pump station type / cycling (e.g. vfd; start/stop, etc). Force main injection tap points, if any (e.g. air relief valves) Existence of intermediate re-lift stations or in series pump stations Manifold force main systems

    By USP Technologies based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA).

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    Biological waste water treatment plants solutions for brewing industry

    The brewing process generally generates unique, high-strength waste water as a by-product. The waste water typically has a high concentration of Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) form the carbohydrates and protein used in brewing beer. Brewery waste water usually has a temperature of > 25 °C.

    By HydroThane STP BV based in KC `s Hertogenbosch, NETHERLANDS.

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    Wastewater solutions for the industrial effluent pollution management

    Problem: Industrial manufacturers face stringent regulations for discharging wastewater to the environment and municipal sewer systems. Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) is a primary concern for many discharge limits, as wastewaters high in BOD can have adverse impacts on the aquatic environments by leading to oxygen depletion. In some cases, as a means to supplement BOD, it is also desirable to monitor chemical oxygen demand (COD) of industrial effluents. Both of these tests, are time and labour intensive reducing the frequency at which they can be measured for a given effluent.

    By Real Tech Inc. based in Whitby, ONTARIO (CANADA).

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    Wastewater solutions for municipal sewer control

    Problem: A significant portion of the operational costs of a conventional municipal wastewater treatment plant employing an aerobic biological treatment unit comes from electricity costs associated with aeration. In many cases, the aeration rates are kept at the maximum level to ensure that the plant’s effluent is in compliance with the regulations. The critical parameter for regulatory purposes and treatment efficiency, BOD, takes 5 days to measure through standard methods providing almost no value to the plant operators in terms of adjusting aeration rates and chemical dosing.

    By Real Tech Inc. based in Whitby, ONTARIO (CANADA).

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    Water quality monitoring for brewery industry

    Monitoring process streams and waste streams continuously in a brew house can provide many benefits to operations. Monitoring product in process for color or concentration provides consistency and quality measures. Product loss can be quantified by monitoring waste streams. Processes can be improved to increase efficiency and minimize effluent waste. Effluent waste streams can also be monitored for organic loading with BOD and COD correlations to ensure compliance for discharge.

    By Real Tech Inc. based in Whitby, ONTARIO (CANADA).

  • Real-time In-situ Effluent Monitoring

    The UviLux BOD Indicator enables in-situ, real-time, reporting of BOD within both natural water systems and water processing plants. The monitor detects fluorescent proteins that are inherent within sewage and slurry and provides an output in BOD equivalent units. The principle behind the measurement is the excitation of Tryptophan-like fluorescence within UV wavelength band, which has been shown to correlate with both BOD and bacterial contamination. With complete flexibility of deployment methodology, the UviLux BOD Indicator can be applied to both water supply and water recovery processing plants. For water supply processing, the UviLux BOD Indicator can be applied at the front end to the water intake to provide alarm of any contaminated water entering the plant. Applications within Waste Water Treatment Works can include monitoring of effluent levels at the final outflow point (into rivers and coastal areas) as well as the primary, secondary & tertiary stages, the data potentially feeding into energy saving systems to optimise process performances. The CTG UviLux BOD Indicator in-situ fluorometer can also be used within pipe and channel networks to test for incidences of black water and grey water cross-over.

    By Chelsea Technologies Group based in West Molesey, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Wastewater Treatment

    Many industrial and pharmaceutical processes generate wastewater with volatile contaminants that increase the COD and BOD to a point where discharging to municipal wastewater is very costly or not an option. These contaminants can be removed from the water by distillation, substantially lowering the disposal cost, and, in many cases, the removed components can be further purified and reused in the process. MEGTEC offers the following solutions to remove the volatile contaminants and make wastewater suitable for discharge to most municipal wastewater treatment plants: Stripping columns using direct steam or a reboiler Distillation columns using indirect steam heat sources Our technologies have been applied to a range of processes including wastewater treatment from industries such as Pharmaceutical, Semiconductor, Chemical and Petrochemical.

    By Babcock & Wilcox MEGTEC based in De Pere, WISCONSIN (USA).

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