Nitric acid HNO3 is an important intermediate reagent for production of several important end products, such as fertilizers, explosives, dyestuffs/pigments, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, photographic materials, plastics, and synthetic fibers. At nitric acid manufacturing plants, the Gasmet™ FTIR Gas Analyzer can be used to measure several gaseous components from the process stream for purposes of process control. A single system can be used to measure the high levels of nitrogen monoxide NO and nitrogen dioxide NO2, as well as water vapor H2O, nitrous oxide N2O, carbon monoxide CO, carbon dioxide CO2 and ammonia NH3. The fixed installation products for these purposes are the Gasmet™ CEM II measurement system, and the Gasmet™ FCX Gas Analyzers, both of which utilize the FTIR measurement technique for simultaneous multicomponent analysis of the sample gas.
By Gasmet Technologies Oy based in Helsinki, FINLAND.
“Biogas” means a mixture of various types of gas (mostly methane) produced by bacterial fermentation in anaerobic conditions(absence of oxygen) of organic residues from waste, decaying plant, carcasses in putrescence. The analyzers of biogas by Infrared cells carry out the continuous analysis of CH4, O2, CO2, H2S and NH3. The whole process sees the decomposition of organic material by some types of bacteria, producing carbon dioxide, molecular hydrogen and methane(methane conversion of organic compounds).
By ETG Risorse e Tecnologia based in Montiglio, ITALY.
CO (carbon monoxide) and CO2 (carbon dioxide) are generally measured to ensure process control. CO2 is the desired product and CO is undesired in combustion since it will explode in high enough concentrations. CO2 and CO concentrations can also be used to determine other process-specific efficiencies. Continuous emissions monitoring equipment that can be calibrated as a CO and CO2 analyzer is thereby essential for process control.
By Unisearch Associates Inc. based in Concord, ONTARIO (CANADA).
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