chemical release Applications

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Chemical analysis for the pharmaceutical industry

by Metrohm AG     based in Herisau, SWITZERLAND

Apart from complying with numerous official guidelines, Metrohm instruments and applications satisfy the test methods for quality control and product release that are listed in the most important pharmacopoeias.

Applications and Air Pollutants Removed in the Chemical, Pharmaceutical and Plastics Industries

by Bionomic Industries Inc.     based in Mahwah, NEW JERSEY (USA)

Supplying for over 35 years reliable air pollution control equipment and systems for removal of all gaseous compounds, particulate and odors from chemical process operations, reactors, dryers, calciners, membrane cells, pharmaceutical reactors and tablet dryers, crystallizers, vessel filling and storage vent emissions, emergency scrubbing of high concentration gas releases from cylinders, vacuum pump emissions, Quench /scrubber systems for acid gases and particulate from high temperature thermal oxidizers.  Gaseous emissions from piloting operations and research lab hoods. Specialty NOx abatement for explosives manufacturing and other process operations. Recovery and re-concentration of acids and other gaseous contaminants including by-product production.

Gas detection analyzers for chemical & pharmaceutical processes

by Control Instruments Corporation     based in Fairfield, NEW JERSEY (USA)

Chemical and pharmaceutical facilities use a variety of hazardous gases and solvents in their production processes. Whenever these substances are transported, processed or stored, the potential risks are high for hazardous conditions. These substances must be continuously monitored to protect personnel and facilities from accidental releases or leakage. Our various lines of hazardous gas monitoring systems benefit the chemical and pharmaceutical industry in the following applications.

APHA Color #3020

by Guided Wave Inc,     based in Rancho Cordova, CALIFORNIA (USA)

Measurement of APHA color either on-line or in a laboratory setting using a photometer. Background: APHA is sometimes referred to as the Platinum Cobalt (Pt/Co) or Hazen scale. Also referred to as a “yellowness index”, the APHA color scale is a common method of comparison of the intensity of yellow-tinted samples to assess the quality of liquids that are clear to yellowish in color. Originally developed to determine the purity of municipal water supplies, it is now used as a metric for purity in the water, chemical, oil, plastics, and pharmaceutical industries. APHA color quantifies the appearance of trace amounts of yellowness, which is a visual indicator of product degradation due to exposure to light or heat; the presence of impurities and negative effects of processing. As such APHA color is often used as a product release specification. APHA is a single number yellowness index. The units are based on a dilution of a 500ppm solution of PtCo.

Integrated real-time gas analysis solution for chemical decontamination industry

by CIC Photonics, Inc.     based in Albuquerque, NEW MEXICO (USA)

The threat of terror in the form of chemical and biological warfare agents has been a reality globally since March 1995, when the Aum Shinrikyo sect killed 12 people and injured nearly 6,000 by releasing sarin nerve gas in the Tokyo subway system. More recently, the 2001 anthrax attacks in the USA was a wake-up call that the threat is real. Recent outbreaks of H1N1 and SARS posed threats of worldwide epidemics because air travel provides a means for these diseases to spread globally in less than 24 hours. A major concern of several US government agencies, such as the Department of Defense, Homeland Security, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is not only the detection of hazardous chemical and biological warfare agents (CBWA) or bacteria or viruses that pose an epidemic threat, but the timely decontamination of those agents to a level where they no longer pose a threat to human health and life. The solution requires a means to monitor the effectiveness of the decontaminating reactant or reactants to an endpoint that has been reliably shown to be more than 99% effective in rendering the targeted agents harmless under controlled conditions.

Integrated real-time gas analysis solution for chemical weapon agents

by CIC Photonics, Inc.     based in Albuquerque, NEW MEXICO (USA)

The nation has stockpiled thousands of cylinders and canisters of toxic and deadly chemical weapon agents, including mustard gas (HD), sarin (GB), tabun (GA), and V-agents. Most of these CWAs are stored at DOD facilities around the country and many have been in storage for years and years. As a consequence, DOD requirements specify that the stockpiles have to be monitored regularly for leakages to prevent release to the environment and exposure to personnel.

RTO (Chemical) Industries Waste, Paint, Wood chip and

by Honeycombs Ceramics BV     based in Sassenheim, NETHERLANDS

Our company Honeycombs Ceramics B.V. supports installations used for RTO (Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer). These gas (waste) installations use ceramic beds of blocks to cool released hot gasses. This is one of the most important processes within the installation. Honeycombs Ceramics B.V. is established in Europe and China. This global connection makes us unique, it takes one contact to make RTO business a low-cost and durable business. Our lines are short, we are always available, and both countries have sales offices and warehousing. Core feature: Efficiency. The way you do business with RTO providers can be converted to a more simple, safe and secure way. By giving you the opportunity to choose how, when and where. Our companies in the Netherlands and China have professional sales teams. And their goal is to assist you. You can decide which office to contact. 24/7. Our production in China is under strict policy of quality control. We have inspectors in China and the Netherlands who both follow strict instructions to meet our high standards. These standards are measured and recorded by SGS every year. Pricewise we offer high quality for low pricing. Next to quality, there is warehousing. Our warehousing is extensive, with supervision of quality- and logistic managers. Also, there is the opportunity to keep stock in both countries. We understand the importance of availability when needed. Whether this is emergency, temporary, or for quantities based on a turn around. Based on all input from customers and opportunities in RTO business, we innovate and make possibilities work. In short; no fuss, that's us.

Cloud Software solutions for service providers

by Titan Cloud Software Company, LLC     based in Brentwood, TENNESSEE (USA)

Every petroleum equipment provider and environmental company understands that it takes the right tools to do the job. Titan`s cloud toolbox contains everything your business needs to provide top-notch services, and scale those services across thousands of sites without adding staff. Use of Titan`s cloud helps create new rivers of revenue that will flow your way to feed your business for years to come. For starters, Titan can link you to your client`s ATGs so you can stay on top of their critical alarms and resolve most of these remotely in minutes. This makes you invaluable. If you offer environmental services, Titan`s software automates release detection from the ATG, manages and keeps you apprised of critical testing and inspection dates, reminds you when registrations and permits are coming due, and provides a dashboard in which to manage each client with ease. On the maintenance front, you`ll find no better tool to dispatch and manage work orders, perform monthly visual inspections from an iPhone or iPad, and keep your clients continually in the services loop with you.

Sulfide Oxidation with Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)

by USP Technologies     based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA)

Sulfide Odor Control Sulfide is found throughout the environment as a result of both natural and industrial processes. Most sulfide found in nature was produced biologically (under anaerobic conditions) and occurs as free hydrogen sulfide (H2S) - characterized by its rotten egg odor. We are most likely to encounter biogenic H2S in sour groundwaters, swamps and marshes, natural gas deposits, and sewage collection/treatment systems. Manmade sources of H2S typically occur as a result of natural materials containing sulfur (e.g., coal, gas and oil) being refined into industrial products. For a variety of reasons - aesthetics (odor control), health (toxicity), ecological (oxygen depletion in receiving waters), and economic (corrosion of equipment and infrastructure) - sulfide laden wastewaters must be handled carefully and remediated before they can be released to the environment. Typical discharge limits for sulfide are < 1 mg/L. Sulfide Treatment Alternatives There are dozens of alternatives for treating sulfide laden waters, ranging from simple air stripping (for the low levels present in groundwaters) to elaborate sulfur recovery plants (used to treat several tons per day at refineries and coal burning power plants). There are processes based on biology (using compost filters, scrubbing media, or inhibition/disinfection), chemistry (oxidation, precipitation, absorption, and combination), and physics (adsorption, volatilization, and incineration). Each process occupies a niche which is often defined by the scale and continuity of treatment, whether the sulfide is in solution or is a gas, the concentration of sulfide involved, and the disposition of the sulfide containing medium. However, for reasons relating to convenience and flexibility, chemical oxidation (using hydrogen peroxide) continues to grow in its scope of application. Treatment with Hydrogen Peroxide While other peroxygens such as permonosulfuric (Caro’s) acid, peracetic acid, and persulfates will oxidize sulfide, their use for this application is overkill. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is considerably simpler and more cost-effective. H2O2 may control sulfides in two ways, depending on the application: Prevention - by providing dissolved oxygen which inhibits the septic conditions which lead to biological sulfide formation; and Destruction - by oxidizing sulfide to elemental sulfur or sulfate ion.

Force Main Systems Sulfide Odor Control with Hydrogen Peroxide

by USP Technologies     based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA)

Force main systems are typically high sulfide odor generators due to septicity conditions related to full pipe flow and a greater anaerobic slime layer (biofilm) thickness. Primary factors that influence sulfide loading generation in a force main include sewage temperature, BOD, retention time, pipe size and flow. Gaseous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) release at the force main discharge is usually the main concern related to odor and corrosion control needs; however, corrosion problems within the pipe can be of a concern (e.g. "crown cutting") at locations where air pockets can lead to concentrated H2S gas build up. Some basic considerations for assessing an appropriate sulfide odor treatment method for force main systems include: Retention time / duration of control Pump station type / cycling (e.g. vfd; start/stop, etc). Force main injection tap points, if any (e.g. air relief valves) Existence of intermediate re-lift stations or in series pump stations Manifold force main systems

Headworks Odor and Corrosion Control Using Hydrogen Peroxide

by USP Technologies     based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA)

Hydrogen Peroxide typically controls odors and corrosion at treatment plant headworks by direct oxidation of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) within the wastewater. In the direct oxidation mode, H2O2 is applied to the wastewater 5-30 minutes prior to the point where the odors are being released, generally as the wastewater line enters the plant boundary. The efficiency of hydrogen peroxide treatment depends upon the available reaction time, the level of iron in the wastewater (reaction catalyst), wastewater pH and temperature, and the initial and target levels of H2S odor. Under optimal conditions, effective dose ratios are 1.2 - 1.5 parts H2O2 per part dissolved sulfide, and can be reliably estimated through beaker tests. H2O2 + H2S → S0 + 2H2O Frequently, control of odors through the primary clarifiers is wanted. In such case, the mechanism of control is both direct oxidation of H2S (as it rises from the solids blanket), and prevention of odor generation (by supplying dissolved oxygen). Control is typically achieved with a booster dose of 1-2 mg/L H2O2 added to the clarifier influent. Higher doses or alternate modes of addition may be required in cases where: 1) hydraulic retention times are > 2-3 hours; 2) solids blanket depths are > 1-2 feet; 3) soluble BOD levels are > 200-300 mg/L; or 4) waste activated sludge is co-settled with the primary solids. 2H2O2 → O2 + 2H2O

VOCs gas leak detection

by Opgal Optronic Industries Ltd.     based in Karmiel, ISRAEL

An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful petroleum products, such as naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, etc,. Oil refineries are typically large, sprawling industrial complexes with extensive piping running throughout, carrying streams of fluids between large chemical processing units. The refining process releases a number of different chemicals into the atmosphere mostly Hydrocarbons which cause severe health and safety hazards. Opgal`s EyeCGas Thermal Imager can detect the leaking gases from a distance and help reducing the threat

VOCs Fugitive emissions detection

by Opgal Optronic Industries Ltd.     based in Karmiel, ISRAEL

An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful petroleum products, such as naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, etc,. Oil refineries are typically large, sprawling industrial complexes with extensive piping running throughout, carrying streams of fluids between large chemical processing units. The refining process releases a number of different chemicals into the atmosphere mostly Hydrocarbons which cause severe health and safety hazards. Opgal`s EyeCGas Thermal Imager can detect the leaking gases from a distance and help reducing the threats

Gas monitoring instruments and systems for flavoring agents

by Gasmet Technologies Oy     based in Helsinki, FINLAND

Manufacturing of powdered and liquid flavorings and fragrances involves production phases where flavoring chemicals may be released into the ambient air breathed by workers. Exposure control by gas analyzers in the production rooms and laboratories is necessary to ensure that the Time-Weighted Average (TWA) concentrations do not exceed the maximum Permissible Emission Limit (PEL) values.

Agitation and mixing solutions for flue gas desulfurization

by National Oilwell Varco     based in Dayton, OHIO (USA)

FGD (Flue Gas Desulfurization) involves the treatment of flue gas from coal fired power plants.  The main goal is to remove sulfur, particulates, and other chemicals such as mercury from the flue gas prior to environmental release.  Governmental regulations by the EPA put limits on the amount of impurities which can be released into the air.   The use of mixers to clean and scrub the flue gas is utilized to help power companies meet permitted limits on the release of controlled substances.

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) applications

by Gasmet Technologies Oy     based in Helsinki, FINLAND

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is an emerging method of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of power plants. In a process called ‘scrubbing’, the carbon dioxide emissions can be absorbed into chemical solvents consisting of amines or carbonates. Scrubbing is a well-established method of carbon capture, with virtually every commercial CO2 capture plant in operation using this process. In the process, the first step is the removal of impurities from the flue gas, such as hydrocarbons and oxides of both nitrogen and sulfur (NOx and SOx). Next the purified gas is passed through an absorption column filled with the chemical scrubbing solvent. The solvent reacts with the carbon dioxide and selectively absorbs it from the gas stream. When CO2-rich solvent is heated, the carbon dioxide is released as a nearly pure gas.

Hydrocarbons monitoring

by Ecotech Pty Ltd     based in Knoxfield, AUSTRALIA

Hydrocarbons are a family of organic chemicals consisting of carbon and hydrogen atoms arranged in a variety of ways. Hydrocarbons are found naturally in crude oil and are released into the environment with its combustion (power plants, home heaters etc).

Gas Detection Solutions for Hydrogen Fluoride (HF) Safety

by Boreal Laser Inc.     based in Edmonton, ALBERTA (CANADA)

Hydrogen Fluoride (HF) is a very useful chemical used in a variety of industries. However, HF is highly toxic with potential fatal consequences with exposure to humans, so facilities that make or use HF should exercise great care. Nevertheless, there is always the risk of leaks from process elements such as valves, pump seals and storage vessels. Tanker loading, transporting and unloading operations also provide opportunity for HF releases. Industrial processes that make or use HF typically have arrays of point sensors distributed throughout the unit. However, these sensors are maintenance intensive and have relatively slow response times. In addition, a point sensor will not detect an HF release unless it is located directly in the area of that release. Electrochemical HF sensors also respond to chlorine, ammonia, and sulfur dioxide, resulting in false alarms.

Organic Micro-Pollutants Removal

by Arvia Technology     based in Runcorn, UNITED KINGDOM

Organic Micro-pollutants are low and trace levels of synthetic organic substances released in water through human activity. They can be found in industrial, agricultural and domestic wastewater streams. Some of the most difficult-to-treat wastewater contains micro-pollutants such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs), herbicides and pesticides, personal care products (PCPs), toxic chemicals, carcinogenic and endocrine disruptive compounds (EDCs), and emerging contaminants.

Waste gas treatment for the TFT industry

by DAS Environmental Expert GmbH     based in Dresden, GERMANY

Manufacturing TFT/LCD displays requires waste gas treatment as well. Processes that produce large scale Thinfilm Transistors (TFT) on glass substrates, for instance, use Chemical Vapour Deposition – CVD – to separate the thin films onto the material. The process requires cleaning the process chamber periodically and usually employs etching with NF3. Etching of the separated thin films typically utilises CF4, SF6 and chlorinated gases, which release large amounts of waste gas mixtures.

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