chemical vapor Applications

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Flaring Solutions for the Petrochemical & Refinery Industry

by ABUTEC LLC     based in Kennesaw, GEORGIA (US) (USA)

ABUTEC’s goal in the petrochemical and refinery industry is to save you money. ABUTEC’s vapor combustor and enclosed flare line offers flexible and resilient burner technology to handle heavy hydrocarbon gases down to low quality or inert gases. We will save you money on capital costs and we will offer you a very fast payback (as low as 2 months) based on reducing the amount of make-up fuel and pilot gas required. This revolutionary technology is designed for you!

Odor Scrubbers Applications with Hydrogen Peroxide

by USP Technologies     based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA)

Hydrogen Peroxide as a Replacement for Sodium Hypochlorite Hydrogen peroxide may be used in both mist scrubbers and packed tower scrubbers as a replacement for sodium hypochlorite (bleach). Like bleach, the process involves two concurrent mechanisms: 1) absorption of the odors (H2S) into the alkaline scrubbing solution; and 2) oxidation of the absorbed sulfide in solution. Step 1: H2S + NaOH → NaSH + H2O Step 2: 4H2O2 + H2S → H2SO4 + 4H2O Typical dose ratios are 5 parts H2O2 per part H2S or, when used in place of bleach, one gallon 50% H2O2 for every 10 gallons of 15% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). This generally translates into a break-even cost scenario. Sufficient caustic soda (NaOH) is added to maintain a pH of 10.0 - 10.5 in the scrubbing solution. There is also in practice a process which uses H2O2 in series with bleach to scrub composting odors. This process relies on a series of three packed tower scrubbers: the first is a pH neutral water wash (to remove ammonia and amine odors); the second uses a conventional caustic/bleach solution in which the bleach is purposely overdosed (to oxidize the complex organic sulfur odors); and the third uses a caustic/H2O2 solution (to remove the unreacted chlorine vapors carried over from the second stage). H2O2 + HOCl → HCl + H2O + O2 Typical dose ratios are 0.5 parts H2O2 per part hypochlorite (OCl-), with sufficient caustic soda (NaOH) added to maintain a pH of 8.5 in the scrubbing solution.

Gas Detection Solutions for Fertilizer Manufacturing

by Boreal Laser Inc.     based in Edmonton, ALBERTA (CANADA)

Ammonia is a notoriously difficult compound to measure accurately and reliably using standard chemical sampling techniques. The great advantage of the optical laser gas detection technique for quantitative ammonia monitoring is that the optical measurement does not affect the air being sampled – and so a true, undisturbed value for ammonia concentration can be determined. The very high resolution and specificity of the laser method also means that is no interference from other gases in the air (for example, water vapor) – such interferences complicate other optical techniques using IR or UV.

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