The chloride process of titanium dioxide (TiO2) pigment manufacture first converts titania-containing ores to TiCl4 via a carbochlorination reaction at a high temperature in a chlorinator in the presence of chlorine gas and petroleum coke added as a reductant.
By Protea Limited based in Middlewich, UNITED KINGDOM.
Problem: Organic matter (UV254/TOC) in drinking water can react with chlorine to form harmful disinfection by-products (DBPs). Some removal of TOC is achieved through the conventional drinking water treatment processes, while carbon absorption may be used to further enhance the removal of TOC prior to chlorine disinfection.
By Real Tech Inc. based in Whitby, ONTARIO (CANADA).
Instruments for monitoring the aeration-process, nitrification and de-nitrification; chlorination and de-chlorination; as well as the final discharge into the environment.
By SWAN Analytische Instrumente AG based in Hinwil, SWITZERLAND.
Studies have proven that chlorine use has negative consequences due to the formation of byproducts, i.e. chlorinated organic compounds and chloramines. Irritation of eyes and mucous membranes, drying out the skin as well as “chlorine smell” are well known troubles. However, these byproducts also accelerate the corrosion in pool halls and significant risk is given by their toxicity (chloramines, combined chlorine) and/or carcinogenicity. Higher rate of asthma prevalence is one of the consequences....
By LIFETECH based in Brno, CZECH REPUBLIC.
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