climate change performance Applications

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Gas monitoring instruments and systems for engine emissions measurements

by Gasmet Technologies Oy     based in Helsinki, FINLAND

The exhaust gas from combustion engines is a complex mixture of gases and particulate matter. The composition of the gas may change rapidly. Multicomponent analysis of exhaust gases can be performed with a Gasmet™ FTIR Gas Analyzer with a response time (T90) of one second. The winning combination is the result using of a small volume gas sample cell, a powerful sample pump and a fast detector with liquid nitrogen cooling. The analyzer, sampling system and computer can be assembled on a cart for use in a dynamometer laboratory, or the portable version can be used for roadside tests.

Integrated real-time gas analysis solution for emissions industry

by CIC Photonics, Inc.     based in Albuquerque, NEW MEXICO (USA)

Pollutant emissions from industrial smoke stacks are a major national concern due to both health concerns and climate change. As a consequence, there are at least tens of gas analyzer manufacturers in the U.S. alone that compete in that market and have done so for years. What CIC Photonics brings to that competitive field is its expertise derived from its Combustion Efficiency Solution and its high performance IRGAS Systems. The IRGAS-CEM provides real-time and simultaneous measurements of the multitude of toxic combustion products, including CO, CO2, NOx, SOx, CH4, CxHy, H2S, etc. The EP-IRGAS-SPA is also applicable for fast time responses.

Monitoring of Algal Production / Monitoring of Algae Growth

by Chelsea Technologies Group     based in West Molesey, UNITED KINGDOM

Over the past 20 years active fluorescence has been widely adopted by the scientific community, ecosystem managers and crop growers as a rapid and non-invasive method of estimating photosynthetic performance within a wide range of organisms, including phytoplankton (microalgae and cyanobacteria), biofilms, benthic autotrophs (corals, macroalgae and sea grasses) and terrestrial plants. The main rational for applying active fluorescence is that changes in key fluorescence parameters can reveal the early onset of chronic and acute degradation of photosynthetic performance and subsequent growth, e.g. resulting from nutrient deficiency or the presence on one or more toxicants.

Over the past 15 years we have been developing an active fluorescence technique called Fast Repetition Rate (FRR) fluorometry to monitor algae populations in the open-ocean, primarily to support climate and ocean modelling.

Dust monitoring and Sand Storm Monitoring

by Ecotech Pty Ltd     based in Knoxfield, AUSTRALIA

The frequency and intensity of dust and sand storms in many parts of the world are steadily increasing due to droughts and climate change. The severity of such storms is anticipated to increase over the coming years. These dust storms may last hours or days and cause huge damage and imposed a heavy toll on society with its physical effects, such as visibility reduction, heavy winds, red sky, hailstone and severe lightning. Such Dust storms, have a negative impact on human health, and industrial products and activities. They reduce visibility, layer on skin and cloths, infiltrate buildings and find their way into food and drinking water leaving a permanent sandy feeling in your mouth. Traditional dust monitoring instruments whether they be purely filter based gravimetric samplers or continuous monitors utilising Tapered Element Oscillating Microbalance (TEOM) or Beta Attenuation (BAM) simply are unable to cope with the high dust loads created by these storms. The filters on these instruments are quickly clogged and no further measurements are possible until a service technician visits to replace filters and filter tapes. In dust storm events this is impossible. Therefore, over the past few years a need for alternate technology which are non filter based, can cope with extremely high dust loads, require minimal maintenance and can operate off solar power has been employed in regions such as the Gobi Desert of China for the continuous monitoring of dust storm events. These instruments have demonstrated that an instrument can measure dust storm events with maintenance performed only once every 12 months. That it is possible to communicate remotely and that these systems can not only provide an early warning for dust events but have the accuracy and sensitivity to be an extremely useful tool in gauging hourly changes of visibility. Infact such instruments have been utilised by a number of EPAs around the world, including all Australian EPAs for the purpose of measuring ambient visibility as well as providing an accurate indication of rising dust events.

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