In most combustion process atmospheric nitrogen reacts with oxygen in high temperature conditions to produce nitrogen oxides (NOx). Total NOx production is the sum of nitrogen monoxide NO and nitrogen dioxide NO2. The emissions of these gases are controlled through setting of emission limit values (ELVs) for power plants.
The exhaust gas from combustion engines is a complex mixture of gases and particulate matter. The composition of the gas may change rapidly. Multicomponent analysis of exhaust gases can be performed with a Gasmet™ FTIR Gas Analyzer with a response time (T90) of one second. The winning combination is the result using of a small volume gas sample cell, a powerful sample pump and a fast detector with liquid nitrogen cooling. The analyzer, sampling system and computer can be assembled on a cart for use in a...
Boiler combustion control, O2 and CO
DeNOx system, NH3 and NO
Electrostatic precipitators (ESP), CO monitoring for explosion prevention
Stack gas emissions, NH3, H2O, NO
Coal silos, CO monitoring for explosion prevention and detection of smouldering fires (only in coal fired plants)
Stack gas emission
Coal silo, explosion prevention
Emissions occur during various stages of the glass-making process, precision combustion measurements are therefore critical. We supply a range of advanced solutions designed specifically for the glass industry, meeting the highest standards of quality and reliability. Glass is used for a variety of purposes, and can be shaped, toughened, coloured, laminated or treated to suit specific requirements. Our measurement systems provide accurate combustion monitoring to support these applications.
Protea supplied a complete turn-key measuring system for multi-point sampling in a University combustion research laboratory. Utilising the latest in FTIR spectroscopy, atmosFIR, a complete cabinet system was supplied containing: atmosFIR FTIR Gas analyser, Sampling System Control Module (SSCM), Heated Stream Selection Module (HSSM), Temperature Control Module (TCM), 4 heated sample lines, 4 heated sample probes, Embedded PC controller.
State-of-the-art systems enabling easy monitoring of CO2 and CH4 gases. Capped Landfill Sites produce a range of gases, mostly methane and carbon dioxide. Legislation requires that these gases are safely removed from beneath the cap to avoid a physical explosion due to the build-up of pressure beneath the cap. Safe disposal usually entails burning such as flare stacks, internal combustion engines or by processing to produce Methane gas fuel. For large sites with access to power distribution infrastructure...
Monitoring exhaust gas from combustion engines, emitting a large number of different compounds and with rapidly changing concentrations due to variations in operating conditions, necessitates an instrument that measures in real-time and with high sensitivity – an IONICON PTR-TOFMS.