The most important parameters in Water/Steam Cycles such as Cation conductivity, dissolved oxygen and pH are available as pre-assembled and factory tested units. Dedicated analyzers for sodium, silica, phosphate and hydrazine are also factory tested and calibrated for immediate operation.
By SWAN Analytische Instrumente AG based in Hinwil, SWITZERLAND.
A California refinery produces xylene for use as commercial product and a precursor for petrochemical manufacturing. A primary component to the production of xylene is the isolation and purification of the chemical from a complex mixture of petroleum hydrocarbons. Steam based heat exchangers are used to process the xylene. Inherent to the design and rough duty heat exchangers face during their operation, leaks can and do develop. When a heat exchanger leaks, xylene contaminates the steam and produces a number of problems ranging from loss of final product, contamination and fouling of steam transfer piping, and ultimately bio-fouling of cooling towers. Consistent and reliable monitoring for xylene or other petroleum hydrocarbons in cooling water or steam condensate can alleviate product loss and process equipment down time.
By Turner Designs Hydrocarbon Instruments, Inc. based in Fresno, CALIFORNIA (USA).
Thermal mass flow meters provide excellent measurement capabilities in dry gas flows. They have proven durability, accuracy, and repeatability. However, thermal flow meters are sensitive to liquid droplets in a wet gas stream. For a thermal flow meter to work accurately in a condensing gas environment, the probe must be placed far enough downstream so that the entrained water has condensed onto the pipe wall. In a very wet environment, any condensing liquid (commonly referred to as mist or fog) contacting the sensor probes causes a high reading due to the liquid vaporizing on the heated portion of the sensor. As a result of this deficiency, measurements with conventional thermal meters are largely ignored when moisture levels rise because there is no confidence that the measurements are true.
By Kurz Instruments, Inc. based in Monterey, CALIFORNIA (USA).
MSP’s aerosol instrument products include cascade impactors, virtual-impactor concentrators, personal PM samplers, micro-environmental PM Samplers, condensation particle counters, an asbestos fiber monitor, aerosol generators, electrical ionizers, differential mobility analyzers, laser particle counters and wide range particle spectrometers.
By MSP Corporation based in Shoreview, MINNESOTA (USA).
The reproducibility of the devices has been approved by worldwide use. In order to avoid the condensation or vaporization of the particles during the particle measurement, the isothermal and isobaric particle generation and measurement is necessary.
By Palas GmbH based in Karlsruhe, GERMANY.
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