Grand Prix racing utilizes cutting-edge high performance engines operation at extreme RPMs and temperatures. To keep the very valuable engines operational and competitive requires a team of mechanics paying careful attention to the engine and lubricant condition. To support this, engine condition monitoring based on oil analysis has become a widely practiced technique by Formula One racing teams.
Not only do the racing teams themselves take Spectro Scientific instruments to races, but the companies that...
Low flow groundwater sampling is a methodology used around the world to simulate ambient flow conditions and take water quality readings. A wide variety of pumps are used to draw a sample from the well such as bladder, inertial or peristaltic pumps and usually combined with a flow controller. Once the sampling methodology for your site has been selected, then choosing the right multi-parameter probe is vital.
Diffuse irradiance measurements: Diffuse Horizontal Irradiance measurements are performed with a thermopile sensor called Pyranometer mounted on a Sun tracker or shading ring. When the pyranometer is installed on an automatic sun tracker, the diffuse radiation can be measured in two different ways. Measuring Diffuse irradiance requires an accurate pyranometer with low offset properties. Duirng clear sky conditions the DHI irradiance (W/m2) is less than 20% of the total irradiance. Zero offsets lead to underestimat...
Being able to trust your instruments to make quick, easy and accurate measurements in the field is key when dealing with regulatory requirements. The InfraCal2 infrared analyzer is the choice of experts for measuring oil in produced water; oil contamination in soil; and fats oil and greases in waste streams.
Engine manufacturers use Spectro Scientific oil analysis instruments to assist in engine testing during new product development, testing engines during manufacturing run-in, and for qualifying new lubricants. Engines include:
Gasoline and diesel automobile engines
Truck and other high speed diesel engines
Medium speed diesel engines such as those used for locomotives, marine and power generation
Extremely large low speed diesel engines for marine propulsion and power generation
Over the past few decades, soil monitoring has become increasingly important. Environmental factors such as climate change, dwindling water resources, and threatened habitats are driving the need to monitor the environment and implement better policies to protect it. Many natural processes in the environment are driven by or in some ways related to soil hydrological processes. Monitoring soil moisture conditions provides important information for the protection of, and in the understanding of local and regional...
Solar Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) represents the direct solar component and contains about 80% of the total solar energy budget on earth. Outside the atmosphere (AM0) the solar irradiance is considdered as a constant (1367 W/m2) that slightly fluctuates with a 11 year cycle. The DNI at the earth surface is highly variable due to the atmospheric conditions (clouds, aerosols, water vapor and molecules).
In most combustion process atmospheric nitrogen reacts with oxygen in high temperature conditions to produce nitrogen oxides (NOx). Total NOx production is the sum of nitrogen monoxide NO and nitrogen dioxide NO2. The emissions of these gases are controlled through setting of emission limit values (ELVs) for power plants.
Collect the most accurate short- and long-term water level and water quality data for your project using In-Situ equipment. We design and manufacture every instrument to perform under harsh conditions for years.
Traffic, especially in urban locations, is one of the greatest contributors to air pollution. Traffic produces a variety of different pollutants that include particulates, NO2, NO, CO, hydrocarbons and in some cases SO2.
The monitoring of roadside pollution can be challenging as often it is difficult to find suitable locations for large air quality monitoring systems and many sites that are available can be too far away to be representative of roadside air pollution.
Roadside pollution concentrations can change...
Three Steps of CEMS:
1st Step: Gas Sampling
2nd Step: Gas conditioning and treatment
3rd Step: Measurement/Calibration
In first step, the function is to get sample gas and forward to 2nd step for treatment. During this step, it cannot block the probes and cannot result condensation of moisture. So a filter online back flushing should be equipped in this part.
The filters to be used: 1, Filter is used to ensure the stability of system and reduce the maintenance
2, Filtration Grade: usually 2 or 3 micron
Monitoring exhaust gas from combustion engines, emitting a large number of different compounds and with rapidly changing concentrations due to variations in operating conditions, necessitates an instrument that measures in real-time and with high sensitivity – an IONICON PTR-TOFMS.