desalination market research Applications
Securing a reliable supply of water for extraction, handling and transportation is vitally important to mining companies looking to expand their operations. These companies will go to great lengths to meet this need, running pipelines hundreds of miles long from desalination plants on the coast and treating wastewater that is conventional held in tailings ponds. Wastewater treatment technologies can recover saleable metal that might otherwise be lost and prevent environmental contamination from highly acidic effluent streams. Developing the infrastructure and technologies to meet these challenges in the mining industry is driving a market worth $11.9 billon.
Historically the pulp and paper industry has had little need for desalination and reuse – not least because the majority of production is located near water sources. Four things are changing this state of affairs: The move towards recycling means that production in mills located in “urban forest” areas is rising. These facilities face higher water costs than green forest located mills, and have a greater interest in water efficiency. The fastest growing market for pulp and paper is in China, where raw water sources are both limited and impaired, and water technologies which can address these challenges are at a premium.
Direct reuse of wastewater in the product is not on the menu in the food and beverage industry, but the reuse of water for other purposes (e.g. washing) is now a priority. Most major F&B companies have made commitments to reduce their water consumption per unit of product, and reuse is an important part of the strategy for achieving this. Furthermore much of the growth of the industry is in emerging markets which typically have more limited, lower quality water resources than developed countries, creating water treatment challenges. In developed markets, emerging concerns about pharmaceutical by-products and other trace contaminants making their way into the product have lead to greater use of desalination technologies on the process water side. Value from waste propositions such as energy recovery, water reuse (not within the product) and materials recovery ensure that investment in water technology benefits the bottom line.
Refining processes like distillation use high quality steam that must be generated from ultrapure water. Advanced wastewater treatment technologies will help the industry meet tough regulations concerning hazardous waste products from process operations. As the industry expands into water-scarce areas in India, China and the Middle East, marginal sources can help meet the demand for water. Desalination and reuse technologies will secure a reliable source of water and help the industry manage its water impact. Water technology suppliers have the opportunity to tap into a market worth $768 billion.
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