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discharge measurement Applications

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    Area-velocity flowmeter for sewage lagoon discharge flow monitoring

    The Township of South Glengarry installs a new Greyline AVFM 5.0 Area-Velocity Flow Meter to measure continuous discharge from their municipal sewage lagoon. The sealed ultrasonic sensor is mounted in a horizontal 12` PVC pipe. The AVFM replaced a magnetic flowmeter that was unable to measure seasonal low flow rates.

    By Greyline Instruments Inc. based in Long Sault, ONTARIO (CANADA).

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    Inspection of flow measuring equipment for hydraulic inspection

    Definition of Task: Metrologic inspection of flow measuring equipment according to German self-control ordination (EKVO). Inspection of flow measurement at relevant discharge point according to German regulations.

    By NIVUS GmbH based in Eppingen, GERMANY.

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    ppm Measurement of Oil in Water for the Petrochemical Industry

    Measuring the oil content in water or soil is a specialty of Wilks Enterprise. InfraCal TOG/TPH Analyzers provide on-site ppm measurements to help ensure upstream or downstream wastewater complies with discharge permits to avoid potentially costly fines. There are over 3,000 InfraCal TOG/TPH Analyzers in operation today around the world measuring the oil and grease levels in produced water on drilling platforms, oil content in FRAC water, hydrocarbons in wastewater effluents from refineries, and TPH in soil at remediation sites.

    By Spectro Scientific based in Chelmsford, MASSACHUSETTS (USA).

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    Power-independent flow measurement with GPRS

    In a pit water purification system it was necessary to detect the discharge volumes. The operator wanted a regular and automatic transmission of readings. On the selected measurement place no mains power connection was available. Due to the risk of vandalism, it was not planned to install a switching cabinet. See the NIVUS solution for this measurement task here.

    By NIVUS GmbH based in Eppingen, GERMANY.

  • Water measurement systems & sensors for water quality monitoring

    Effective water quality monitoring is the key to environmental protection of watercourses and for reliable process control and wastewater treatment.  Discharge consents under EPR regulations dictate that water quality monitoring is undertaken to ensure that consented parameters are below the consented concentrations.  Traditionally this has been done using water quality sampling methods but increasingly automatic water quality measurement sensors linked to real-time telemetry is seen as the most reliable and timely means of ensuring that treatment processes are operating efficiently and that EPR compliance is maintained.

    By Isodaq Technology - Hydro-Logic Group based in Bromyard, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Hydrometry Monitoring

    For rivers and streams we offer a range of impeller and electromagnetic current flow meters to use as a point velocity measuring devices to aid monitoring during catchment management, discharges and pollution.

    Water level can be monitored via pressure transducer and logger together with radio and GSM/GPRS telemetry options.

    By Valeport Ltd based in Totnes, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Flow monitoring for quarry dewatering compliance

    A Greyline AVFM Area-Velocity Flow Meter monitors and data logs water discharged from the Bray Quarry to the South Raisin River. The Quarry is required to measure flow for environmental permit compliance.

    By Greyline Instruments Inc. based in Long Sault, ONTARIO (CANADA).

  • Plasma Characterisation

    Hiden plasma probes measure some of the key plasma parameters and provide detailed information relating to plasma reaction chemistry. Plasma diagnostics for applications in etching, deposition, coating and surface modification. ECR – Electron Cyclotron Resonance plasma Magnetron sputtering High power impulse magnetron sputtering, HIPIMS ICP inductively coupled plasma, and RF plasma Dielectric-barrier discharge (DBD)

    By Hiden Analytical based in Warrington, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Disposal and Cleaning Equipment for Waste Water Industy

    Drinking water is not the only area requiring flow monitoring. The disposal and cleaning of waste water also requires flow meters. Waste water used to be dumped directly into the soil or an open channel. As awareness has increased, most discharges are now treated to assure long term sustainability. Modern water treatment plants are highly complex systems that require the use of flow sensors to monitor flow velocity in open channels for waste water discharge. Likewise facilities for waste water collection and clarification plants need regular data on flow rate. The use of radar non contact flow measurement and ultrasonic doppler flow meters are particularly efficient. HydroVision can complete flow measurements in all of these areas.

    By HydroVision GmbH based in Kaufbeuren, GERMANY.

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    Wastewater solutions for the industrial effluent pollution management

    Problem: Industrial manufacturers face stringent regulations for discharging wastewater to the environment and municipal sewer systems. Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) is a primary concern for many discharge limits, as wastewaters high in BOD can have adverse impacts on the aquatic environments by leading to oxygen depletion. In some cases, as a means to supplement BOD, it is also desirable to monitor chemical oxygen demand (COD) of industrial effluents. Both of these tests, are time and labour intensive reducing the frequency at which they can be measured for a given effluent.

    By Real Tech Inc. based in Whitby, ONTARIO (CANADA).

  • Water quality monitoring systems for cooling water treatment industry

    A number of treatment products are often added to prevent corrosion, scaling and fouling. Coating of sensors and other effects of these products must be taken into account when selecting analyzers. Discharge monitoring needs special attention because zero measurements must be reliable over time with little maintenance.

    By SWAN Analytische Instrumente AG based in Hinwil, SWITZERLAND.

  • Continuous Monitoring of Wastewater

    The Sorbisense method allows for efficient monitoring of the sewage system and can help reduce costs of operation and environmental impact. The method is particularly well suited for tracking the source of periodic discharges, the identification of faulty pipe connections of the measuring of values in the recipient. The method also allows for measurements in dynamic sources - such as emissions from roads, roofs, parking lots and overflow

    By SORBISENSE based in Tjele, DENMARK.

  • COD Reduction

    Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) is used as a measure of organic pollutants in water. In wastewater treatment, it indicates the efficacy of a treatment process and is expressed in milligrams per litre (mg/L) or parts per million (ppm). Removing certain fractions of COD in waste streams can be particularly challenging, especially to levels safe for discharge to the environment.

    By Arvia Technology based in Runcorn, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Water intake protection monitoring for wastewater treatment industry

    Intake protection systems have been extensively installed to protect water treatment works, from ingress of polluted water and waste-water plants from toxic chemical loads. A suitable system typically comprises a suit of instrumentation, measuring key chemical, physical and indicator parameters dependant upon the identified risks, associated with the individual site activity or discharges from neighbouring industry.

    By Pollution & Process Monitoring Ltd based in Sevenoaks, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Process monitoring and controlling for wastewater treatment industry

    Automation can save money, optimise a process and give warning of potential breeches of discharge consent. However, instrument selection is fundamentally important if a control system is to function efficiently. The measurement device must accurately and quickly respond to process variations and it must be reliable in operation if the control system is to function as intended. Designed properly, energy and chemical use can be significantly reduced, saving money and ultimately improving effluent quality.

    By Pollution & Process Monitoring Ltd based in Sevenoaks, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Opacity monitoring for continuous emissions

    The history of air pollution regulation dates back as far as the 13th century when in 1273, Edward I (Longshanks) of England prohibited the burning of sea coal in London. The smoke produced by its combustion was considered detrimental to human health. By the late 19th and early 20th centuries, regulations were being passed that sought to control air pollution predominantly for smoke and odour control. Traditionally, regulators were concerned with the visual impact of the discharge from a stack or chimney. Therefore, emission limits were expressed in terms of colour or opacity. Modern methods for opacity measurement still use the darkness of the stack gases to measure the amount of smoke or dust emitted within the exhaust gases.

    By DynOptic Systems Ltd based in Brackley, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Waste water respirometry solutions for toxicity reduction tests

    In industrial manufacturing companies, before a new process comes on-line, it is important to measure the toxicity of the effluent stream. This is especially the case for companies who treat their own waste. From the toxicity value (EC50) obtained, it may be a cost-effective solution to simply discharge the effluent to the treatment works at a slow and defined rate to minimise damage to the activated sludge. Following a period of acclimatisation it is often possible to increase feed rates to the plant and this can again be managed using the Strathtox Respirometer. An alternative approach is to undertake toxicity reduction procedures, such as neutralisation or acid hydrolysis, in pilot-scale laboratory studies. The Respiration or the Nitrification Inhibition Test may be used for this. In the future, toxicity reduction may be stipulated by local authority, water company or publicly-owned treatment works prior to giving discharge consents. Toxicity reduction may be evaluated using toxicity tests on activated sludge provided by the treatment works.

    By Strathkelvin Instruments Ltd. based in North Lanarkshire, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • EPR waste minimisation monitoring for wastewater treatment industry

    The EPR regulations have replaced the IPPC regulations and are effective from May 2009 for qualifying companies within the industrial sector and October 2009 within the water sector. They will progressively require industry to minimise waste, reduce product loss and implement improved process control. The legislation will require the operator to self monitor processes and discharges, to demonstrate effective control with particular emphasis on EPR compliance and prevention. The regulating Agency will operate a point scoring system to assess operators under the OMA-3 program and this will be used to identify how well a company is managing their processes and possibly identify areas for improvement. The Environmental Permitting Regulations require industry to install instrumentation (MCERTS approved where available) to report water quality. EPR compliance monitoring may include automatic water sampling, flow measurement, pH, turbidity and TOC water analysis. Industry will need to identify point of source emissions, take steps to correct inefficient control and alarm unacceptable process deviations. Although the legislation focuses on environmental improvement, good housing keeping also makes a lot of sense. Optimisation of process control minimises waste, reduces treatment costs and ultimately saves money.

    By Pollution & Process Monitoring Ltd based in Sevenoaks, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Water treatment for power plants

    The process of electricity generation from fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas is water-intensive. Between 40-50% of all water abstracted and used in developed countries is used in the generation of electricity. Thus, a reliable, abundant and predictable source of raw water supply to a power plant is a critical factor in site selection. Water supplies are required to provide various process waters for the following essential main purposes such as make-up water, cooling water for steam turbine condensers, and auxiliary plant cooling water.

    The primary application of modern water treatment technology is to maintain the integrity and performance of the power plant. Critical plant applications have water purity or conditioning requirements that must be adhered to for safe, reliable and efficient power generation.

    Experience has shown that integration of water technology treatments with power plant design can be very important in reducing operational problems and component failures 

    At power plant worldwide there are increasing limitations on water availability and environmental restrictions on discharges. This is expected to promote measures for water conservation and to have an increasing influence on water treatment decisions. At power plant, the recycling of internal wastewater streams can extend from the recovery of individual high-quality waste streams, which can be reused either directly or after only limited treatment, through to the development of fully integrated water/wastewater treatment systems for zero liquid discharge. However, the application of reuse schemes requires site-specific assessment, as not all waters may be viable options for recovery.

    By De Nora Water Technologies based in Colmar, PENNSYLVANIA (USA).

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