The presence of moisture in high-pressure natural gas from production wells causes pipelines and associated valves to freeze. High moisture content also leads to the formation of hydrates of the liquid hydrocarbons present, thus causing further difficulties. The moisture content of the gas also adversely affects the calorific value of the gas, thus lowering the quality and value of the product. Moisture is therefore measured at the point of extraction, at export stations, at gas storage locations and in the transmission grid. As natural gas often contains high levels of contaminants, more complex systems are required to maintain instrument performance over prolonged periods and to verify data collected in spot-check moisture analysis.
By Moisture Control & Measurement Ltd based in Wetherby, UNITED KINGDOM.
State-of-the-art systems enabling easy monitoring of CO2 and CH4 gases. Capped Landfill Sites produce a range of gases, mostly methane and carbon dioxide. Legislation requires that these gases are safely removed from beneath the cap to avoid a physical explosion due to the build-up of pressure beneath the cap. Safe disposal usually entails burning such as flare stacks, internal combustion engines or by processing to produce Methane gas fuel. For large sites with access to power distribution infrastructure internal combustion engines are used to generate electricity which is fed into the local electricity grid. All of the above safe disposal process require the measurement of the Methane content (and in many cases the CO2 concentration). Edinburgh Sensors provide gas sensors for both Methane and CO2 that can be integrated into landfill gas processing systems enabling easy monitoring of these gases.
By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd based in Livingston, UNITED KINGDOM.
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