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gas scrubbing carbon Applications

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    Carbon capture and storage (CCS) applications

    Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is an emerging method of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of power plants. In a process called ‘scrubbing’, the carbon dioxide emissions can be absorbed into chemical solvents consisting of amines or carbonates. Scrubbing is a well-established method of carbon capture, with virtually every commercial CO2 capture plant in operation using this process. In the process, the first step is the removal of impurities from the flue gas, such as hydrocarbons and oxides of both nitrogen and sulfur (NOx and SOx). Next the purified gas is passed through an absorption column filled with the chemical scrubbing solvent. The solvent reacts with the carbon dioxide and selectively absorbs it from the gas stream. When CO2-rich solvent is heated, the carbon dioxide is released as a nearly pure gas.

    By Gasmet Technologies Oy based in Helsinki, FINLAND.

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    Gas monitoring instruments and systems for semiconductor manufacturing

    In the semiconductor manufacturing industry, various perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are used. The emissions of the PFC compounds into the ambient air are reduced by scrubbing of the exhaust gases from the process. In this process, the Gasmet™ FTIR Gas Analyzers can be used to measure the emissions into the atmosphere and also monitor the efficiency of the scrubbers. Typically monitored PFCs in the exhaust gas include carbon tetrafluoride CF4, trifluoromethane CHF3, and hexafluoroethane C2F6.

    By Gasmet Technologies Oy based in Helsinki, FINLAND.

  • Applications and Air Pollutants Removed in the Biomass Industry

    Flue gas particulate and acid gases from biomass and bagasse boilers. Removal of ethanol, CO2 scrubbers and yeast cells from fermenters.  Removal of ash particulate, tars, acid gases and ammonia from steam reformers, gasifiers, pyrolosis units and cooling of syngas streams to acceptable limits to enable use as a fuel source for power generation or as a feedstock for chemical products. For tar removal, combination technologies can be used including oil based scrubbing solutions to reduce waste water generation. Ethanol and yeast cell removal from fermenter off-gases. Methanol from processing operations. Hydrogen sulfide removal on landfill, digester and producer gases with regenerable chemistries. Odor control for biomass storage facilities including carbon monoxide removal in wood chip storage areas. 

    By Bionomic Industries Inc. based in Mahwah, NEW JERSEY (USA).

  • Applications and Air Pollutants Removed in the Pulp and Paper Industry

    Equipment and systems for Kraft and Sulfite mills. Control chlorine and chlorine dioxide emissions from bleaching operations. Brown stock washer emissions. Control particulate emissions from lime kilns, lime slakers, black liquor recovery boilers, furnaces and gasification units. Particulate from bark and sludge boilers and sulfur dioxide and trioxide removal from those sources. Control of hydrogen sulfide, TRS and methanol emissions from LVHC and HVLC gas streams. Complete fugitive lime dust collection systems to handle emissions from conveyors, elevators and feeders. Smelt dissolving tank particulate and TRS gases. Direct contact waste heat recovery. Black liquor evaporation. Treatment and subcooling of boiler and kiln gases to remove particulate, sulfur dioxide and TRS for precipitated calcium carbonate production (PCC). Dust from tissue and paper rollers and dryers. NASH and sodium hypochlorite scrubbing. Waste heat recovery with direct contact heat exchangers.

    By Bionomic Industries Inc. based in Mahwah, NEW JERSEY (USA).

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