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gas scrubbing sulfur Applications

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    Odor control for refining/petroleum

    You refine the fuel, we’ll remove the odors. Oil refineries and petrochemical plants may generate large volumes of odor from the processing and refining of different fuels. Sulfides, mercaptans, and hydrocarbon compounds are all closely related to the oil industry. The odors generated from these industrial compounds are of a high nuisance value and generally create concern among local air boards and the public. Ecosorb odor removal products may be used in a variety of areas around the refinery including water treatment facilities, sludge ponds, sulfur recovery units, and API separators. To remove odors during tank cleaning and maintenance operations, portable dispersion systems can be used in the immediate work area to control malodors. Ecosorb products can be directly injected into flues and stacks and may be used as a substitute scrubbing solution in some applications.

    By OMI Industries (OMI) based in Long Grove, ILLINOIS (USA).

  • Agitation and mixing solutions for flue gas desulfurization

    FGD (Flue Gas Desulfurization) involves the treatment of flue gas from coal fired power plants.  The main goal is to remove sulfur, particulates, and other chemicals such as mercury from the flue gas prior to environmental release.  Governmental regulations by the EPA put limits on the amount of impurities which can be released into the air.   The use of mixers to clean and scrub the flue gas is utilized to help power companies meet permitted limits on the release of controlled substances.

    By National Oilwell Varco based in Dayton, OHIO (USA).

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    Carbon capture and storage (CCS) applications

    Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is an emerging method of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of power plants. In a process called ‘scrubbing’, the carbon dioxide emissions can be absorbed into chemical solvents consisting of amines or carbonates. Scrubbing is a well-established method of carbon capture, with virtually every commercial CO2 capture plant in operation using this process. In the process, the first step is the removal of impurities from the flue gas, such as hydrocarbons and oxides of both nitrogen and sulfur (NOx and SOx). Next the purified gas is passed through an absorption column filled with the chemical scrubbing solvent. The solvent reacts with the carbon dioxide and selectively absorbs it from the gas stream. When CO2-rich solvent is heated, the carbon dioxide is released as a nearly pure gas.

    By Gasmet Technologies Oy based in Helsinki, FINLAND.

  • Applications and Air Pollutants Removed in the Pulp and Paper Industry

    Equipment and systems for Kraft and Sulfite mills. Control chlorine and chlorine dioxide emissions from bleaching operations. Brown stock washer emissions. Control particulate emissions from lime kilns, lime slakers, black liquor recovery boilers, furnaces and gasification units. Particulate from bark and sludge boilers and sulfur dioxide and trioxide removal from those sources. Control of hydrogen sulfide, TRS and methanol emissions from LVHC and HVLC gas streams. Complete fugitive lime dust collection systems to handle emissions from conveyors, elevators and feeders. Smelt dissolving tank particulate and TRS gases. Direct contact waste heat recovery. Black liquor evaporation. Treatment and subcooling of boiler and kiln gases to remove particulate, sulfur dioxide and TRS for precipitated calcium carbonate production (PCC). Dust from tissue and paper rollers and dryers. NASH and sodium hypochlorite scrubbing. Waste heat recovery with direct contact heat exchangers.

    By Bionomic Industries Inc. based in Mahwah, NEW JERSEY (USA).

  • Applications and Air Pollutants Removed in the Petroleum/Petrochemical Industry

    Scrubbing of Hydrogen sulfide, mercaptans and other organosulfur compounds from sour gas and other sources. Proprietary regenerative scrubbing chemistries for hydrogen sulfide removal with sulfur production. By-product production systems for producing sodium hydrosulfide (Nash) from hydrogen sulfide. Sulfur dioxide scrubbing. Recover catalyst dust from FCC units. HCL storage tank vent scrubbing. Removal of HCL and particulate from thermal oxidizers burning chlorinated plastics. Marine drilling platforms sulfur dioxide thermal oxidizer emissions.  Asphalt plant scrubbers and hydrogen sulfide emissions from holding tanks. Pilot plant scrubber systems for hydrogen sulfide. Removal of halogenated and sulfur bearing gaseous compounds from high temperature thermal oxidizers and drilling platforms waste. Well drilling hydrochloric acid storage tanks.

    By Bionomic Industries Inc. based in Mahwah, NEW JERSEY (USA).

  • Sulfide Oxidation with Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)

    Sulfide Odor Control Sulfide is found throughout the environment as a result of both natural and industrial processes. Most sulfide found in nature was produced biologically (under anaerobic conditions) and occurs as free hydrogen sulfide (H2S) - characterized by its rotten egg odor. We are most likely to encounter biogenic H2S in sour groundwaters, swamps and marshes, natural gas deposits, and sewage collection/treatment systems. Manmade sources of H2S typically occur as a result of natural materials containing sulfur (e.g., coal, gas and oil) being refined into industrial products. For a variety of reasons - aesthetics (odor control), health (toxicity), ecological (oxygen depletion in receiving waters), and economic (corrosion of equipment and infrastructure) - sulfide laden wastewaters must be handled carefully and remediated before they can be released to the environment. Typical discharge limits for sulfide are < 1 mg/L. Sulfide Treatment Alternatives There are dozens of alternatives for treating sulfide laden waters, ranging from simple air stripping (for the low levels present in groundwaters) to elaborate sulfur recovery plants (used to treat several tons per day at refineries and coal burning power plants). There are processes based on biology (using compost filters, scrubbing media, or inhibition/disinfection), chemistry (oxidation, precipitation, absorption, and combination), and physics (adsorption, volatilization, and incineration). Each process occupies a niche which is often defined by the scale and continuity of treatment, whether the sulfide is in solution or is a gas, the concentration of sulfide involved, and the disposition of the sulfide containing medium. However, for reasons relating to convenience and flexibility, chemical oxidation (using hydrogen peroxide) continues to grow in its scope of application. Treatment with Hydrogen Peroxide While other peroxygens such as permonosulfuric (Caro’s) acid, peracetic acid, and persulfates will oxidize sulfide, their use for this application is overkill. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is considerably simpler and more cost-effective. H2O2 may control sulfides in two ways, depending on the application: Prevention - by providing dissolved oxygen which inhibits the septic conditions which lead to biological sulfide formation; and Destruction - by oxidizing sulfide to elemental sulfur or sulfate ion.

    By USP Technologies based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA).

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