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gas sensing Applications

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    Gas Sensing for Gasification

    Syngas (short for synthetic gas) can be burnt and used as a fuel source, the main constituents of syngas are Carbon Monoxide (CO) and Hydrogen (H), which amount for around 85% of Syngas, and it is produced by a process called Gasification. Gasification starts with a base material which can originate from a wide variety of materials for example wood chips and pellets, plastics, municipal solid waste, sewage, waste crops, and fossil fuels such as coal. During Gasification the base material is reacted at high temperature without combustion with controlled amounts of oxygen (O) or steam. The composition of the base material combined with the amount of oxygen and heat used in the process affects the composition of the resultant SynGas, in which the CO can vary between around 20 and 60%. In addition, large amounts of H and CO are also formed. The measurement of CO is therefore an important feature in the production of SynGas.

    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd based in Livingston, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Methane Sensing for Coal Mining

    Application: The majority (around 60%) of the coal seams currently being extracted worldwide are so far underground that open cast mining cannot take place and, therefore, underground mining techniques need to be used. Consequently, workers have to enter and work in confined spaces. One of the major problems that this creates is the dangers from Methane (CH4) gas which occurs in Mine gas.

    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd based in Livingston, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Carbon Monoxide and Carbon Dioxide Sensing for Gasification

    Application: Syngas (short for synthetic gas) can be burnt and used as a fuel source, the main constituents of syngas are Carbon Monoxide and Hydrogen, which amount for around 85% of Syngas, and it is produced by a process called Gasification.

    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd based in Livingston, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Methane and Carbon Dioxide Sensing for Landfill Applications

    Application: In March 1986 an explosion destroyed a bungalow adjacent to a landfill site in Loscoe, Derbyshire. Subsequent measurements showed that 150-200 cubic meters of gas per hour were being generated by landfill waste. This event triggered a change in the way the waste industry considered and regulated gas generated at landfill sites; resulting in the landfill regulations of 2002, and in particular LFTGN03: the Guidance on the Management of landfill Gas.

    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd based in Livingston, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Methane and Carbon Dioxide Sensing for Biogas Applications

    Application: Anaerobic Digestion plants produce various gas components from a source material (or feedstock) that can be composed either solely or as a mixture of slurries, purpose-grown crops, food and organic waste material. The composition of the gas produced varies depending upon the feedstock and the Anaerobic digestion process itself. As a consequence, it is normal to measure various components of the resultant gas produced to evaluate the efficiency of the Anaerobic Digestion process. Furthermore, due to the flammable nature of Methane, and the risk of asphyxiation, most plants feature ambient air monitoring to protect personnel from any unplanned accumulation of leaked gas.

    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd based in Livingston, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Fibre Optic Distributed Temperature Sensing for Borehole Flow Monitoring

    Subsurface environments are critical not only as water resources but also for energy use including geothermal, CO2 sequestration and oil & gas operations. These sensitive environments are directly affected by anthropogenic activities, hence monitoring is essential. Temperature offers insight into a variety of physical properties and can be used for flow monitoring and flux quantification in the subsurface. Traditionally, point sensors have been used to collect temperature data; however, significant limitations exist.

    By Silixa Ltd based in Elstree, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Gas Monitoring and Leak Detection in Underwater Application for the Offshore Oil and Gas

    With over 300 sensors and systems sold world-wide and over 35 scientific users publications, Franatech is market leader for underwater methane detection and monitoring. Franatech is a developer and supplier of sensors for detection of gases in water. The company has more than 15 years experience in subsea applications, working with all kinds of sensing technologies. Coming from a scientific environment and further engaged in long term co-operation with universities and institutions, the company has been involved in several oil and gas projects, piloting the use of point sensors for continuous monitoring of gas leakages.

    By Franatech GmbH based in L√ľneburg, GERMANY.

  • Laser detection solutions for pipeline leak detection

    Unwanted liquid hydrocarbon releases from oil refineries and pipelines, as well as transportation facilities are critical infrastructure integrity/safety and environmental health concerns. Real-time sensing of these releases has to deal with complex natural and anthropogenic targets usually containing a multitude of substances producing overlapping signals. Using Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF), LDI LiDARs are able to deal with these complex environmental factors and still detect and quantify unwanted releases remotely and in real-time mode.

    By Laser Diagnostic Instruments AS based in Tallinn, ESTONIA.

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    Measuring aromatic hydrocarbons (BTEX) for pollution control and environmental monitoring

    The Series 8900 BTEX Analyzer provides direct measurement of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, and Xylenes in ambient air. This instrument is utilized in ambient air networks around metropolitan areas and fence-line monitoring at industrial sites. The Series 8900 BTEX Analyzer employs a photoionization detector (PID) as the sensing element. This detector is specific to volatile organic compounds. The Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, and Xylene`s in the gas sample are physically separated using proprietary GC columns.

    By MOCON, Inc. - Baseline based in Lyons, COLORADO (USA).

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