The rising levels of manmade greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere and their resulting impact on climate is now one of the single biggest technological and environmental challenges facing the world. This makes intensified monitoring of these gases more critical than ever in order to better quantify the role of the numerous natural and manmade sources, sinks and buffers involved in the cycles of GHGs. It also enables us to objectively audit GHG fluxes at the factory, city, country and continental level. Such objective auditing is ultimately essential to facilitate effective enforcement and compliance with any regulations, laws, treaties and trading agreements based on GHG metrics such as carbon footprints.
By ETG Risorse e Tecnologia S.r.l. based in Montiglio, ITALY.
Ventilation Air Methane (VAM) is a Greenhouse Gas (GHG) released by coal or mineral mining operations, it is also commonly known as Coal Mine Methane (CMM). The air pollutants from this process have a global warming potential 21 times greater than carbon dioxide, which is another well known GHG. As alternative energy technologies have developed, methane is increasingly used to generate electricity and heat. Landfills and mines represent two of the most abundant sources, however reports indicate that more than 50% of all VAM is exhausted from mine ventilation systems and remains unutilized.
By Anguil Environmental Systems, Inc. based in Milwaukee, WISCONSIN (USA).
The aluminium industry is the major source of perflurocarbon (PFC) emissions to the atmosphere, which are a major contributor to global warming. PFCs have greenhouse gas effects up to 10000 times that of CO2. Emissions have been reduced over the last 20 years, but further reductions are harder to achieve as all the mechanisms for PFC production are not known. In order to better understand the production of PFC on an industrial level, laboratory studies have been carried out using a small scale cell.
By Protea Limited based in Middlewich, UNITED KINGDOM.
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