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hazard analysis Applications

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    RoHS analysis in electronic equipment

    The RoHS directive stipulates maximum limits for various hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment. Meeting the RoHS Directive requires reliable equipment and methods. As a leading manufacturer of precision instruments for chemical analysis, we are aware of these challenges.  For this reason, Metrohm offers you not only the most advanced equipment, but rather complete solutions for the particular tasks at hand.

    By Metrohm AG based in Herisau, SWITZERLAND.

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    Analysis of Methylimidazoles in Caramel Colored Carbonated Beverages

    Caramel colorings are used as additives in a broad range of food and beverage products to impart a desired color, but have no nutritional or preservative function. Recently, the potential hazard to humans of ammonia- and ammonia-sulfite-process caramel colorings was raised, because they contain the by-product 4-methylimidazole, which is a potential carcinogen.1 The methylimidazole compounds are difficult to analyze due to their polar nature and low molecular weight. Traditional reversed phase techniques are unsuccessful in retaining these small polar compounds. Therefore, most HPLC methods utilize ion-exchange resins for analysis. Another common method involves GC analysis after the analytes first undergo a derivatization step. The purpose of the work shown in this article was to develop a simple and fast analytical method to determine the levels of 2-methylimidazole and 4-methylimidazole in caramel colored carbonated beverages.

    By Sigma-Aldrich Co., LLC based in Bellefonte, PENNSYLVANIA (USA).

  • X-ray fluorescence XRF analysis for environmental protection and waste management

    To meet the requirements of new regulations and to protect the environment effectively, industries need techniques that enable the analysis of elements at lowest concentration levels. Bruker X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis is the most suitable analytical technique for handling different kinds of materials. Bruker’s XRF, ICP-MS, GC, TOF-MS, FT-IR, CBRNE products and applications help you to monitor contaminated land efficiently and quickly, to determine hazardous elements in the air and water, as well as to classify waste material and to specify products for recycling and disposal. Whether solids, sludge, filters, liquids or powders: there is a fast and simple sample preparation technique for every material type.

    By Bruker Corporation based in Billerica, MASSACHUSETTS (USA).

  • Integrated real-time gas analysis solution for chemical decontamination industry

    The threat of terror in the form of chemical and biological warfare agents has been a reality globally since March 1995, when the Aum Shinrikyo sect killed 12 people and injured nearly 6,000 by releasing sarin nerve gas in the Tokyo subway system. More recently, the 2001 anthrax attacks in the USA was a wake-up call that the threat is real. Recent outbreaks of H1N1 and SARS posed threats of worldwide epidemics because air travel provides a means for these diseases to spread globally in less than 24 hours. A major concern of several US government agencies, such as the Department of Defense, Homeland Security, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is not only the detection of hazardous chemical and biological warfare agents (CBWA) or bacteria or viruses that pose an epidemic threat, but the timely decontamination of those agents to a level where they no longer pose a threat to human health and life. The solution requires a means to monitor the effectiveness of the decontaminating reactant or reactants to an endpoint that has been reliably shown to be more than 99% effective in rendering the targeted agents harmless under controlled conditions.

    By CIC Photonics, Inc. based in Albuquerque, NEW MEXICO (USA).

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    Analysing preservatives in recycled and treated wood for wood industry

    Treated wood for disposal or recycling is tested for hazardous components to establish the relevant methods of wood disposal that can be applied. There is a range of preservative solutions used for pressure treated wood including Copper Azole, Pentachlorphenol (Penta) and Chromated Copper Arsenate (CCA), all of which can be identified by analysis. While untreated wood degrades within three to five years, the wood that is pressure treated with these kind of preservatives can last up to sixty years!

    By Oxford Instruments plc based in Abingdon, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Analytical and measuring instruments of chemical and petrochemical

    In the chemical field, ICP-AES is used for a broad range of analysis in order to manage trace amounts of hazardous metals in the manufacturing process, manage additive elements essential to the functionality of a product, and manage the environment of the entire factory. Therefore, it is desirable to have a robust, highly stable system able to reliably accept the injection of a broad variety of samples, regardless of the type of solvent (aqueous/organic) or the presence of matrices. It is also important to simplify processes and reduce costs, which enhances the productivity of daily quality control work.

    By Shimadzu Scientific Instruments Inc based in Columbia, MARYLAND (USA).

  • TOC Correlation to BOD or COD

    Challenge: Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) are traditional parameters analyzed in the laboratory to determine organic matter in water and wastewater. Wastewater facility operators need to have constant data to monitor their discharges and optimize treatment processes (biological treatment, chemical dosing, etc). The requirements of BOD and COD analysis prevent them from being implemented as control parameters, however. The BOD five-day analysis time requirement does not allow an operator to use the data for process optimization and. although COD requires less time than the BOD, its analysis includes the use of hazardous chemicals and has no constant analysis capability.

    By GE Analytical Instruments based in Boulder, COLORADO (USA).

  • Remote temperature monitoring

    To abide local regulations, and ensure efficient and effective composting, the temperatures of the windrows must be measured and logged constantly. With accurate temperature measurements, you can determine the optimum time to turn the windrows for quicker compost production. Time consuming and error prone manual data collection is eliminated using a SureCross FlexPower Node equipped with three thermocouples to automatically monitor the temperature at three depths within a compost windrow. Temperature sensor readings are wirelessly transmitted back to the Gateway or host system for data collection, analysis, and logging. Because the temperatures are measured and recorded continuously, the composting rows can be turned as soon as the temperature reaches the ideal point. Continuously monitoring the temperature will also provide an early warning to potential fire hazards by notifying personnel when temperatures exceed recommended ranges, thereby preserving the product.

    By Banner Engineering Corp. based in Diegem, BELGIUM.

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