The upstream oil and gas industry is increasingly becoming a water management industry. Globally, three barrels of water is extracted for every one barrel of oil produced. With effective management, this produced water can become a source of value, as disposal options become limited and environmental regulations tighten. New water treatment technologies will allow this water to be reused in waterflooding, enhanced oil recovery and hydraulic fracturing operations, in a market worth $5.2 billion in 2014. Managing the water used and extracted from unconventional resources, such as shale gas, tight oil, coalbed methane, heavy oil, and oil from ultra-deepwater offshore fields, will be a fast growing segment of this market. This section shows you in detail the different opportunities and strategies for these resources.
By Global Water Intelligence (GWI) based in Oxford, UNITED KINGDOM.
Gasification and synthetic gas production from various waste products are becoming increasingly important energy recovery technologies. Often, the synthetic gas contains various hazardous contaminants including H2S, HCl and other acids, heavy metals, and tars. The gas requires cleaning before it is introduced in the engine or boiler. Most of these processes generate significant concentration of tars. The tars can vary from very low molecular weight to large and complex chains.
By Macrotek Inc. based in Markham, ONTARIO (CANADA).
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