Gravity main sewer systems include major trunk lines and the tributaries that feed them. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) odor builds up in the collections system as the flows collect from upstream reaches and become larger, deeper and more septic (oxygen depleted) in the downstream reaches more near to the wastewater treatment plant. In general, most of the more significant hydrogen sulfide odor and corrosion control problems occur in the major trunk systems segments conveying flow to the plant.
Force main systems are typically high sulfide odor generators due to septicity conditions related to full pipe flow and a greater anaerobic slime layer (biofilm) thickness. Primary factors that influence sulfide loading generation in a force main include sewage temperature, BOD, retention time, pipe size and flow. Gaseous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) release at the force main discharge is usually the main concern related to odor and corrosion control needs; however, corrosion problems within the pipe can be of a...
Sulfates and hydrogen sulfide are both common nuisance contaminants. Although neither is usually a significant health hazard, sulfates can have a temporary laxative effect on humans and young livestock. Sulfates also may clog plumbing and stain clothing. Hydrogen sulfide produces an offensive `rotten egg` odor and taste in the water, especially when the water is heated.
In the treatment of sanitary sewage, bio-solids are separated from the liquid. These bio-solids are concentrated and dewatered using filter presses, centrifuges, or other devices. Hydrogen sulfide and mercaptans are released during the dewatering operation. Carus permanganates react quickly and produce immediate results for hydrogen sulfide removal in order to provide a safe, odor free environment and minimize corrosion due to sulfides.
The presence of hydrogen sulfide in home drinking water supplies is not a health hazard, but is a common nuisance contaminant whose distinctive `rotten egg` odor makes water treatment desirable. Several treatment methods are available, and often hydrogen sulfide can be treated and removed using the same process and equipment used for iron and manganese removal.
Sulfide Odor Control
Sulfide is found throughout the environment as a result of both natural and industrial processes. Most sulfide found in nature was produced biologically (under anaerobic conditions) and occurs as free hydrogen sulfide (H2S) - characterized by its rotten egg odor. We are most likely to encounter biogenic H2S in sour groundwaters, swamps and marshes, natural gas deposits, and sewage collection/treatment systems. Manmade sources of H2S typically occur as a result of natural materials containing...
Control nuisance odors with accurate monitoring. In wastewater treatment, nuisance odors can end up being much more than just a nuisance. Complaints about hydrogen sulfide odors can lead to citations, penalties or worse. Don’t wait for your neighbors to let you know that you have an odor problem; keep on top of hydrogen sulfide odors with a Jerome hydrogen sulfide monitoring solution.
Hydrogen Peroxide as a Replacement for Sodium Hypochlorite
Hydrogen peroxide may be used in both mist scrubbers and packed tower scrubbers as a replacement for sodium hypochlorite (bleach). Like bleach, the process involves two concurrent mechanisms: 1) absorption of the odors (H2S) into the alkaline scrubbing solution; and 2) oxidation of the absorbed sulfide in solution.
H2S + NaOH → NaSH + H2O
4H2O2 + H2S → H2SO4 + 4H2O
Typical dose ratios are 5 parts H2O2 per part H2S or, when...
Hydrogen Peroxide typically controls odors and corrosion at treatment plant headworks by direct oxidation of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) within the wastewater. In the direct oxidation mode, H2O2 is applied to the wastewater 5-30 minutes prior to the point where the odors are being released, generally as the wastewater line enters the plant boundary.
The efficiency of hydrogen peroxide treatment depends upon the available reaction time, the level of iron in the wastewater (reaction catalyst), wastewater pH and...
Wastewater Deodorization: The formation of hydrogen sulfide often poses a problem for municipal wastewater treatment. Chlorine dioxide, a powerful oxidant, can be effectively used to control noxious, irritating, or pungent odors from many operations. Moreover, its unique selective properties permit more efficient application at a lower dosage and cost than chorine, hypochlorite, permanganate peroxide or ozone.
Custom water and wastewater engineering, consulting and process design services to prevent air, land, water and environmental pollution. We rework systems as processes change and troubleshoot where necessary to bring systems into compliance.
• High purity and process water
• Biological nutrient removal
• Solids treatment
• Toxicity reduction
• Industrial treatment
• Advanced oxidation and alternative disinfection
• Effluent reclamation and reuse
• Land application systems
• Natural treatment systems
US Peroxide (USP) is uniquely positioned to rapidly respond to your environmental treatment challenges. USP combines experienced applications and equipment field support with a large inventory of storage systems and pumping modules to respond quickly to time sensitive water and wastewater treatment situations.
With considerable inventory of tank and pump systems as well as our partnerships with leading chemical suppliers, USP can mobilize chemicals and equipment quickly to respond to your rapid...