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incineration alternatives Applications

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    Waste recovery for petrochemical wastes

    Traditionally, the Petrochemical Sector has operated with basic technological solutions, with ultimate reliance on High Temperature Incineration (HTI) and landfill in order to deal with their hazardous wastes. However, tightening regulation, increasing landfill costs and social responsibilities are driving companies to look at alternative methods of treatment of very challenging wastes, including the treatment of:

    By Tetronics (International) Limited based in Swindon, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Industrial air pollution control for the recycling and waste management

    Due to the continuous rise in the waste volumes worldwide it is essential constantly to seek alternatives to landfills and waste incineration: one suitable approach is bio-mechanical waste treatment. Apart from waste management, applications for air purification systems in this field range from soil remediation to sewage sludge drying in waste water treatment, as well as to the recycling of resources and their possible re-introduction.

  • Material handling equipment for utilities industry

    Electric Power Generation, Fossil Fuel Electric Power Generation, Biomass, Alternative Fuels, Sewage Treatment Facilities, Waste Management and Remediation Services, Waste Treatment and Disposal, Solid Waste Combustors and Incinerators, Remediation Services, Materials Recovery, Facilities Waste Treatment and Disposal, Solid Waste Combustors and Incinerators, Remediation Services.

    By TerraSource Global based in St. Louis, MISSOURI (USA).

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    Waste recovery for energy & utilities

    In order to stay competitive and to be seen as being environmentally responsible, energy and utility companies are always looking for alternative routes to generate power. One method of doing this is by leveraging waste to energy incineration plants linked to the processing municipal solid waste. During this incineration process, APC residues, which are a mixture of fly ash, organic pollutants (including dioxins and furans), are generated and are classified as hazardous waste and have a detrimental environmental impact. This fly ash is subject to Air Pollution Control as it is contaminated with extremely high concentrations of heavy metals and toxic compounds like dioxins, linked to cancer and other health problems. Tetronics offers valuable waste recovery plants that can eliminate the hazardous element within the fly ash while generating an inert building aggregate with the remaining material.

    By Tetronics (International) Limited based in Swindon, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Sulfide Oxidation with Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)

    Sulfide Odor Control Sulfide is found throughout the environment as a result of both natural and industrial processes. Most sulfide found in nature was produced biologically (under anaerobic conditions) and occurs as free hydrogen sulfide (H2S) - characterized by its rotten egg odor. We are most likely to encounter biogenic H2S in sour groundwaters, swamps and marshes, natural gas deposits, and sewage collection/treatment systems. Manmade sources of H2S typically occur as a result of natural materials containing sulfur (e.g., coal, gas and oil) being refined into industrial products. For a variety of reasons - aesthetics (odor control), health (toxicity), ecological (oxygen depletion in receiving waters), and economic (corrosion of equipment and infrastructure) - sulfide laden wastewaters must be handled carefully and remediated before they can be released to the environment. Typical discharge limits for sulfide are < 1 mg/L. Sulfide Treatment Alternatives There are dozens of alternatives for treating sulfide laden waters, ranging from simple air stripping (for the low levels present in groundwaters) to elaborate sulfur recovery plants (used to treat several tons per day at refineries and coal burning power plants). There are processes based on biology (using compost filters, scrubbing media, or inhibition/disinfection), chemistry (oxidation, precipitation, absorption, and combination), and physics (adsorption, volatilization, and incineration). Each process occupies a niche which is often defined by the scale and continuity of treatment, whether the sulfide is in solution or is a gas, the concentration of sulfide involved, and the disposition of the sulfide containing medium. However, for reasons relating to convenience and flexibility, chemical oxidation (using hydrogen peroxide) continues to grow in its scope of application. Treatment with Hydrogen Peroxide While other peroxygens such as permonosulfuric (Caro’s) acid, peracetic acid, and persulfates will oxidize sulfide, their use for this application is overkill. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is considerably simpler and more cost-effective. H2O2 may control sulfides in two ways, depending on the application: Prevention - by providing dissolved oxygen which inhibits the septic conditions which lead to biological sulfide formation; and Destruction - by oxidizing sulfide to elemental sulfur or sulfate ion.

    By USP Technologies based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA).

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