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international environmental regulation Applications

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    Monitoring solutions for the marine industry

    While land-based industry has been subject to strenuous emissions regulations over the past decades, air emissions from sea-going ships’ machinery has so far been largely unregulated. As a result, according to EU statistics, ships have become the single biggest source of sulphur dioxide (SO2) within the EU. The US EPA (US Environmental Protection Agency) reports similar findings, i.e., that the proportion of air pollutants released which can be attributed to the shipping industry is increasing. MARPOL Annex VI aims to reduce emissions from ships through international regulations, which hopefully will discourage states from enacting unilateral regulations problematic to the shipping industry.

    By Codel International Ltd based in Bakewell, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Instrumentation technologies for marine

    When ships discharge their bilge water the maximum level of hydrocarbons in the water is regulated by various Environmental Protection Agencies, for example there is a limit of 15ppm enforced by the IMO (International Maritime Organisation) in all international waters.  Companies breaching these limits are liable to significant fines. Further regulations have been introduced to control the use of bunker fuels. The Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) of the IMO has approved proposed amendments to the MARPOL Annex VI regulations to reduce harmful emissions from ships.

    By Advanced Sensors Ltd. - part of PAC L.P. based in Carrickfergus, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Sewage Treatment Plants and Flow Sensors for Industry Application

    In sewage treatment plants, flow sensors are primarily installed for internal reasons. Ultrasonic flow meters are used to control the flow velocity in partially filled and fulfilled pressurized pipes, specific plant components, for leak detection or to control the use of additives. International regulations such as the EU-Directive for handling municipal waste water require flow metering for a continuous surveillance of waste water flow. Defective flow monitoring in sewage-treatment plants can therefore influence their operation, but there can also be legal or environmental consequences.

     

    By HydroVision GmbH based in Kaufbeuren, GERMANY.

  • REPLACING WATER SOFTENER WITH GREEN SCALEWATCHER WATER CONDITIONER

    Roper’s Restaurant, a cowboy themed restaurant in Albuquerque, New Mexico has replaced its water softener with the computerized, electronic, water-conditioner Scalewatcher from Scalewatcher North America. By installing Scalewatcher, the restaurant has avoided paying the $500 quoted for replacement media for its old water softener and also saved hundreds of dollars a year in salt and water thereby providing Roper’s with a short-term payback on the unit. Roper’s Restaurant, part of Outwest Eateries LLC dba, is located in a hard water area. This necessitated Bryce Chant, owner of Roper’s Restaurant using a water softener to prevent scale formation in the kitchen. “When I was given the price to repair our old water softener, I decided to install the Scalewatcher from Advance Plumbing”, said Bryce Chant of Roper’s Restaurant. We have had great success with it. Even though we had a water softener we still had hard water scale and a white ‘film’ in the dishwasher. Now with Scalewatcher that scale and ‘film’ has disappeared.” The average restaurant consumes 5,800 gallons of water daily, with 50% being used in the kitchen. If not properly treated, hard water can drain a restaurant’s bottom line due to the early renewal of capital equipment such as water heaters, boilers, coffee makers, dishwashers, steamers and other water-fed equipment. Hard water contains calcium carbonate that adheres to heating elements and the internal surfaces causing scale buildup that impairs efficiency. The limescale that deposits on the heating element will, if untreated, reduces efficiency, induces corrosion of the element and ultimately lead to appliance failure. In addition in restaurants, hard water also necessitates the use of additional detergents. In fact, for every additional grain of hard water, detergent use increases by between 2% and 4% per 1,000 gallons of water used. Many restaurants, like Roper’s use a water softener to reduce limescale. However, water softeners use copious amounts of both water and salt, which are expensive to buy and salt is also bulky to store. In addition, in many States now, including Southern California, municipalities and water departments are severely limiting, and in some cases prohibiting, the use of salt-regenerating water softeners due to concern regarding the increased levels of salt in ground water. The award-winning Scalewatcher system not only helps restaurants meet these regulations by minimizing salt usage but also saves money on salt purchase and has the additional benefit of removing scale from water-fed equipment. The environmentally friendly Scalewatcher provides a permanent solution to hard water problems without the need of chemicals, salt or maintenance. It works by producing a varying electronically applied force field, induced by a coil wrapped around the outside of the pipework, which keeps the minerals in suspension and thus prevents limescale forming. The water’s increased solubility enables it to dissolve existing scale, which is gradually washed away. “We are saving money each month because we do not have to purchase salt for the water softener and we are not dumping salt filled water down the drain because there is no brine process with Scalewatcher”, said Bryce Chant. “Living in New Mexico with our drought situation, I hated knowing all that water was being wasted. Scalewatcher is a truly ‘green’ technology that we are happy we have implemented”. Roper’s Restaurant has been so impressed with the Scalewatcher technology that the managers have bought units for their homes and have recommended it to family and friends. Scalewatcher models are based on continuous research and over 20 years experience and expertise as market leaders in electronic scale control with countless units sold worldwide. The patented Scalewatcher systems start at $248.00 USD and are capable of treating pipe sizes from one to 120 inches. All Scalewatcher systems come with a full performance guarantee and include free shipping throughout North America.

    By Scalewatcher North America Inc. based in Oxford, PENNSYLVANIA (USA).

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