The presence of certain metal ions in water causes a variety of problems. These ions interfere with the action of soaps, lead to build up of limescale, which can foul plumbing, boilers, heating equipment. Water softening is the removal of calcium, magnesium, and certain other metal cations in hard water. The resulting soft water extends the lifetime of plumbing and heating equipment. Softening of low TDS ( Total Dissolved Solids ) water is done commonly with a Strong Acid Cation ( SAC ) exchange resin operating in the sodium form and regenerated with brine. PuriTech`s latest development is a very performant continuous ion exchanger, based on PuriTech`s innovative ION-IX technology which is based on true counter-current ion exchange.
Industrial water softening is a process that utilizes ion exchange resins to reduce the concentration of calcium and magnesium ions. These alkaline earth metals can cause scaling and insolubility problems in the everyday uses of water by forming calcium and magnesium carbonate scales.
By Purolite Corporation based in Bala Cynwyd, PENNSYLVANIA (USA).
Ion exchange is an effective, versatile means of conditioning boiler feedwater. The term “ion exchange` describes the process : as water flows through a bed of ion exchange material, undesirable ions are removed and replaced with less objectionable ones. For example, in softening processes, calcium and magnesium ions(hardness) are exchanged for sodium ions. In dealkalization, the ions contributing to alkalinity(carbonate, bicarbonate, etc.) are removed and replaced with chloride ions.
Nitrogen is a nutrient essential to all forms of life as a basic building block of plant and animal protein. Nevertheless, too much of it can be toxic. The processes used for the removal of ammonium ions from drinking waters include ion exchange. PuriTech`s ION-IX system can be broken up into 4 distinctive zones with each zone operating continuously. The resin is initially loaded with the Ammonia ions (and partially calcium and magnesium)in the adsorption zone. As the ION-IX multi-port valve rotates, the resin that has been saturated with Ammonia ions (and some calcium and magnesium ions)moves into a one-bed displacement zone with softened water to ensure hard water does not cause precipitation within the multi port valve.
In water treatment the main processes used are demineralization, softening, ion exchange, gravity and pressure filtration. Trislot wedge wire screens are used in these processes to collect or distribute the treated liquid, to retain the treatment media, to filter solids. The main advantages compared to perforated plate, wire mesh or other filtration media are: high efficiency, long service life, flexible design, low maintenance.
By Trislot N.V. based in Waregem, BELGIUM.
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