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landfill methane Applications

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    Methane and Carbon Dioxide Sensing for Landfill Applications

    Application: In March 1986 an explosion destroyed a bungalow adjacent to a landfill site in Loscoe, Derbyshire. Subsequent measurements showed that 150-200 cubic meters of gas per hour were being generated by landfill waste. This event triggered a change in the way the waste industry considered and regulated gas generated at landfill sites; resulting in the landfill regulations of 2002, and in particular LFTGN03: the Guidance on the Management of landfill Gas.

    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd based in Livingston, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Air pollution control for the landfill methane remediation industry

    Methane gases used for electric generation or pipeline gas synthesis via membrane or pressure swing adsorption (PSA) processes – commonly use incinerators for air pollution control needs.

    By Catalytic Products International (CPI) based in Lake Zurich, ILLINOIS (USA).

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    High quality gas sensor solutions for landfill

    State-of-the-art systems enabling easy monitoring of CO2 and CH4 gases. Capped Landfill Sites produce a range of gases, mostly methane and carbon dioxide. Legislation requires that these gases are safely removed from beneath the cap to avoid a physical explosion due to the build-up of pressure beneath the cap. Safe disposal usually entails burning such as flare stacks, internal combustion engines or by processing to produce Methane gas fuel. For large sites with access to power distribution infrastructure internal combustion engines are used to generate electricity which is fed into the local electricity grid. All of the above safe disposal process require the measurement of the Methane content (and in many cases the CO2 concentration). Edinburgh Sensors provide gas sensors for both Methane and CO2 that can be integrated into landfill gas processing systems enabling easy monitoring of these gases.

    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd based in Livingston, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Air pollution control for ventilation air methane industry

    Ventilation Air Methane (VAM) is a Greenhouse Gas (GHG) released by coal or mineral mining operations, it is also commonly known as Coal Mine Methane (CMM).  The air pollutants from this process have a global warming potential 21 times greater than carbon dioxide, which is another well known GHG.  As alternative energy technologies have developed, methane is increasingly used to generate electricity and heat.  Landfills and mines represent two of the most abundant sources, however reports indicate that more than 50% of all VAM is exhausted from mine ventilation systems and remains unutilized.

    By Anguil Environmental Systems, Inc. based in Milwaukee, WISCONSIN (USA).

  • Wastewater treatment solutions for anaerobic sludge digestion sector

    Anaerobic digestion is a series of processes in which microorganisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen, used for industrial or domestic purposes to manage waste and/or to release energy. It is widely used as part of the process to treat wastewater, like Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) reactors. As part of an integrated waste management system, anaerobic digestion reduces the emission of landfill gas into the atmosphere. Anaerobic digestion is widely used as a renewable energy source because the process produces a methane and carbon dioxide rich biogas suitable for energy production, helping to replace fossil fuels. The nutrient-rich digestate which is also produced can be used as fertilizer. The digestion process begins with bacterial hydrolysis of the input materials in order to break down insoluble organic polymers such as carbohydrates and make them available for other bacteria. Acidogenic bacteria then convert the sugars and amino acids into carbon dioxide, hydrogen, ammonia, and organic acids. Acetogenic bacteria then convert these resulting organic acids into acetic acid, along with additional ammonia, hydrogen, and carbon dioxide. Finally, methanogens convert these products to methane and carbon dioxide.

    By QM Environmental Services Ltd. based in The Hague, NETHERLANDS.

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