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measuring climate change Applications

  • Continuous emissions monitoring for carbon capture and storage

    The process control of a CO2 capture plant needs good and reliable detection of gas phase NH3. Measuring NH3 is a challenge due to the corrosive environment and high concentrations of NH3. Several places in the process needs to be monitored and to transport the sample is difficult. A large dynamic range is needed as the NH3 concentration can vary between 15% volume and a few mg/m3. 

    By Enviro Technology Services plc based in Stroud, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Gas monitoring instruments and systems for engine emissions measurements

    The exhaust gas from combustion engines is a complex mixture of gases and particulate matter. The composition of the gas may change rapidly. Multicomponent analysis of exhaust gases can be performed with a Gasmet™ FTIR Gas Analyzer with a response time (T90) of one second. The winning combination is the result using of a small volume gas sample cell, a powerful sample pump and a fast detector with liquid nitrogen cooling. The analyzer, sampling system and computer can be assembled on a cart for use in a dynamometer laboratory, or the portable version can be used for roadside tests.

    By Gasmet Technologies Oy based in Helsinki, FINLAND.

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    Mercury monitoring for mercury flux measurement

    The Tekran 2537 has been used in numerous published studies to measure the deposition or evasion of mercury from natural or contaminated surfaces (i.e. flux measurements). It is anticipated that many mercury flux measurements will be needed in the future to assess the impact of climate change on mercury cycling in the environment. There are two basic ways to do mercury flux measurements. First, the dynamic flux chamber method utilizes a custom enclosure, with controlled air flow, to measure the inlet and outlet concentration over a selected surface to determine the flux over time. Alternatively, the micrometeorological gradient method uses measured concentrations at two levels above a surface. The perfect tool for both flux measurement methods is the Tekran 1110 Two Port Sampler, so the Tekran 2537 can automatically switch between two distinct sampling points. Ask us how we can help you setup a mercury flux system.

    By Tekran Instruments Corporation based in Knoxville, TENNESSEE (USA).

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    Urban air quality monitoring

    To measure air quality in the ambient air is a challenge. The monitoring site needs to be representative and not dependant on changes in local traffic. A large number of gaseous components need to be measured with high accuracy and high availability.

    By Opsis AB based in Furulund, SWEDEN.

  • O2 Monitoring in Air

    Oxygen (O2) is a colorless odorless gas, essential to all life on Earth but damaging in high concentrations. An O2 analyzer should thus be employed for safety management and air pollution prevention purposes. LasIR MP110 is perfect for continuous emission monitoring of O2. It is based on TDLAS technology and can be calibrated as an O2 analyzer, providing accurate and reliable measurements. It quickly responds to changes in compound concentration, thus providing continuous emission monitoring for the specified gas.

    By Unisearch Associates Inc. based in Concord, ONTARIO (CANADA).

  • Integrated real-time gas analysis solution for emissions industry

    Pollutant emissions from industrial smoke stacks are a major national concern due to both health concerns and climate change. As a consequence, there are at least tens of gas analyzer manufacturers in the U.S. alone that compete in that market and have done so for years. What CIC Photonics brings to that competitive field is its expertise derived from its Combustion Efficiency Solution and its high performance IRGAS Systems. The IRGAS-CEM provides real-time and simultaneous measurements of the multitude of toxic combustion products, including CO, CO2, NOx, SOx, CH4, CxHy, H2S, etc. The EP-IRGAS-SPA is also applicable for fast time responses.

    By CIC Photonics, Inc. based in Albuquerque, NEW MEXICO (USA).

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    Gas monitoring instruments and systems for greenhouse gas emissions from soil

    Measurement of greenhouse gases released from soil and water surface forms an important part of climate change study. Microbial activity in the soil or for instance the melting of permafrost releases greenhouse gases such as Methane and nitrous oxide N2O into the atmosphere. Measurement of the concentration for these gases inside an open-bottom soil chamber placed on the soil over time tells the emission rate (flux) per chamber footprint area.

    By Gasmet Technologies Oy based in Helsinki, FINLAND.

  • Fire Danger Rating / Forecasting

    For various reasons, including the changing global climate, wildfires are getting bigger, more destructive and more expensive. Effective, consistent and reliable detection of climate parameters is the key to preventing wildfires and managing the impact they have. Our equipment resides for decades in solitary confinement generally in very remote areas (often at the tops of mountains or deep within a national forest), constantly measuring and recording weather data. Once per hour, this data is transmitted back to government agencies who will analyze and use it to make decisions critical to the safety of the public. In the United States, FTS works closely with the National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC). The center’s mission is the complex interagency coordination of wildland firefighting resources for the country. One of the resources is the network of remote automated weather stations (RAWS), the vast majority of which are supplied by FTS.

    By FTS based in Victoria, BRITISH COLUMBIA (CANADA).

  • Dust monitoring and Sand Storm Monitoring

    The frequency and intensity of dust and sand storms in many parts of the world are steadily increasing due to droughts and climate change. The severity of such storms is anticipated to increase over the coming years. These dust storms may last hours or days and cause huge damage and imposed a heavy toll on society with its physical effects, such as visibility reduction, heavy winds, red sky, hailstone and severe lightning. Such Dust storms, have a negative impact on human health, and industrial products and activities. They reduce visibility, layer on skin and cloths, infiltrate buildings and find their way into food and drinking water leaving a permanent sandy feeling in your mouth. Traditional dust monitoring instruments whether they be purely filter based gravimetric samplers or continuous monitors utilising Tapered Element Oscillating Microbalance (TEOM) or Beta Attenuation (BAM) simply are unable to cope with the high dust loads created by these storms. The filters on these instruments are quickly clogged and no further measurements are possible until a service technician visits to replace filters and filter tapes. In dust storm events this is impossible. Therefore, over the past few years a need for alternate technology which are non filter based, can cope with extremely high dust loads, require minimal maintenance and can operate off solar power has been employed in regions such as the Gobi Desert of China for the continuous monitoring of dust storm events. These instruments have demonstrated that an instrument can measure dust storm events with maintenance performed only once every 12 months. That it is possible to communicate remotely and that these systems can not only provide an early warning for dust events but have the accuracy and sensitivity to be an extremely useful tool in gauging hourly changes of visibility. Infact such instruments have been utilised by a number of EPAs around the world, including all Australian EPAs for the purpose of measuring ambient visibility as well as providing an accurate indication of rising dust events.

    By Ecotech Pty Ltd based in Knoxfield, AUSTRALIA.

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