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measuring particulate matter Applications

  • Particulate monitoring for continuous emissions

    With the advent of specific process emission limits being defined, continuous particulate monitoring has become a regulatory requirement for many industries. smoke stack #1Particulate monitoring requires the measurement of the mass concentration of particulate matter in stack emissions to atmosphere. There is no known method of continuously measuring particulate concentration by direct measurement and therefore, all continuous particulate measurement methods are inferential. Each method involves the measurement of a parameter related to particulate concentration and then requires a calibration to be determined to convert the measured value into one of particulate mass concentration.

    By DynOptic Systems Ltd based in Brackley, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Gas monitoring instruments and systems for engine emissions measurements

    The exhaust gas from combustion engines is a complex mixture of gases and particulate matter. The composition of the gas may change rapidly. Multicomponent analysis of exhaust gases can be performed with a Gasmet™ FTIR Gas Analyzer with a response time (T90) of one second. The winning combination is the result using of a small volume gas sample cell, a powerful sample pump and a fast detector with liquid nitrogen cooling. The analyzer, sampling system and computer can be assembled on a cart for use in a dynamometer laboratory, or the portable version can be used for roadside tests.

    By Gasmet Technologies Oy based in Helsinki, FINLAND.

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    Low level measurement of VOCs and Terpenes close to the sea and the Landes Forest

    It has been established that organic aerosol (OA) makes up for a major fraction of fine particulate matter in all region of the atmosphere. This fraction accounts approximately for half of the total PM2.5 dry mass.1,2 Primary OA is directly emitted in the troposphere from anthropological and natural sources whereas secondary OA (SOA) is formed in-situ in the atmosphere from the oxidation of biogenic or anthropogenic gas-phase precursors and subsequent partitioning of the less volatile products into the particle phase. The current number is that, on a global scale, SOA would represent around 60% of the overall OA.3 However, recent global mass-balance estimations for the removal of volatile organic compounds (VOC) suggest that this number could under-predicts SOA production.4 Recent field measurements in urban locations are also in support of a larger share, indicating that SOA is the dominant fraction of OA, with amounts considerably 20 greater than models predictions.

    By Chromatotec Group based in Val de Virvée, FRANCE.

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    Laboratory Weighing - Filter Weighing

    Traffic means mobility and air emissions. Thanks to economical advantages, diesel engine becomes more and more popular, but particle emission is strictly restricted by regulations. Determining the weight of particulate matter (PM) is a key task in the automotive industry and one which is likely to become even more important as emissions standards become stricter. To allow fast and easy measurement of particulate matter at any time, METTLER TOLEDO has developed new filter weighing solutions.

    By Mettler - Toledo Int. Inc based in Greifensee, SWITZERLAND.

  • Sediment and Nutrient Loads

    SedEvent is an event-driven, automatic grab sampling system that provides a simple and practical method of accurately determining suspended sediment and nutrient loads. While suspended sediment concentration (SSC) cannot be directly measured accurately or reliably, turbidity has been shown to be an excellent surrogate for SSC. Turbidity is caused by suspended particulate matter such as clay, silt, algae, organic and inorganic chemicals and acids like fertilizers, and microscopic organisms like harmful bacteria. These contents give water its cloudy or turbid appearance, and turbidity in natural waters is recognized as an important indicator of natural health. Measuring suspended sediment concentrations used to be labor-intensive, costly, inaccurate and impractical. SedEvent not only makes it possible and practical, it makes it simple.

    By FTS based in Victoria, BRITISH COLUMBIA (CANADA).

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