IntroductionMercury is one of the most toxic trace contaminant naturally occurring in the coals. During the coal combustion process at the coal-fired power plants mercury is released into the environment. To manage effectively the stack gas cleaning process, it is necessary to know the mercury content in the coal, and also in stack gas, liquid and solid wastes.
High mercury concentration can be found in such cosmetic products as skin lightening soaps and creams, makeup cleansing products, and mascara.
Mercury in cosmetics exists as inorganic and organic compounds. Inorganic mercury (e.g. ammoniated mercury) is used in skin lightening soaps and creams. Organic mercury compounds, such as thiomersal, are used as cosmetic preservatives in makeup cleansing products and mascara.
Mercury, being widespread in environment, has toxic effect on a human organism even at a low concentration. Therefore, quantitativ e determination of mercury in vari ous environments is one of the most important environmental monitoring problems.
Mercury and its compounds are highly toxic substances fo r humans. It occurs naturally and exists in various forms: elemental (or metallic); inorganic (e.g. mercuric chloride); and organic (e.g., methyl- and ethylmercury). These forms all have different toxicities and implications for health. Among naturally occurring mercury compounds, methylme rcury exerts a significant influence (neurotoxic action) on human health.
Determination of mercury in oil and petroleum hydrocarbon is currently a vital probl em due to the fact that the regulations for the mercury content in emission s from thermal power plants are becoming ever more stringent, and mercury poisons catalysts used in oil re fining.
A conventional standard method of total mercury determination in water using atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) involves preliminary sample digestion that takes from 30 minutes to 8 hours depending on the digestion conditions.
The use of a mercury analyzer RA-915M/RA-915+ with Zeeman background correction in combination with PYRO-915+ pyrolysis attachment provides direct determination of mercury in process and waste waters contaminated with mercury without digestion or any other sample preparation stages.
Direct atomic absorption mercury determination (without any pre-treatment procedures) in food is complicated by its organics matrix. That is the reason why almost all AAS methods of mercury determination in foodstuff include sample digestion by acids.
The mercury concentration in crude oil and petroleum products can vary in a wide range of less than 0.1 ppb to dozens ppm. Direct mercury determination in crude oil and petroleum products at the range above 5 ppb is covered by ASTM D7622-10(2015) "Standard test method for total mercury in crude oil using combustion and direct cold vapor atomic absorption method with Zeeman background correction". Mercury determination in naphtha and light petroleum products (condensate, gasoline and diesel fuel) at a...
Mercury and its sompounds are highly toxic materials and can be transferred into the human body via water; the concentration of mercury in water generally is very low. With the superior sensitivity of Aurora`s Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometer, the LUMINA 3300, direct measurement of mercury in water sample is possible.
Wet scrubbers and Wet electrostatic precipitators for removal of sulfur dioxide and trioxide, ash particulate, NOx and mercury from coal fired boilers. Sulfur dioxide, NOx and particulate from oil fired boilers and diesel engines. Ash particulate from Biomass boilers including Bagasse type. Complete scrubber systems for sulfur dioxide removal using lime, limestone to gypsum quality and all sodium, magnesium and potassium chemistry scrubbing solutions including ammonia for ammonium sulfate production. For gypsum...