Ammonia is a compound featuring a nitrogen molecule attached to three hydrogen molecules (NH3). It is a colorless gas with a characteristic pungent smell similar to human urine, as urine contains a large amount of ammonia in it.
NH3 (Ammonia) is a colorless gas with a distinctive pungent smell. Ammonia monitoring is essential in coal-fired power plants, where NH3 is used to reduce NOx emissions. The ammonia consumes all of the NOx, but its high concentration that is needed for these purposes also starts reacting with other things and in the process can clog up filters and cause premature failure of expensive SCR equipment and pre-heaters. Not to mention that these high levels create an irreparable damage to the environment.
A new EC regulation states that diesel engines need to have active cleaning with urea injection in order to reduce NOx emissions. In order to control the urea dosage, a reliable measurement system is required. OPSIS LD500 laser diode gas analyser for monitoring ammonia (NH3), has been tested and approved by German TÜV, in accordance with the EURO VI standard.
Protea was asked to supply a high level ammonia (NH3) measurement system for a waste water treatment plant. The reflux drums at the inlet to two ammonia stripping towers needed to be measured continuously. Protea designed a solution based around our Solus TDLAS analyser platform and a high level dilution system. The Solus analyser was configured for NH3 measurements in the range 0-500ppm. A dilution system incorporating special dilution probe and 19` control panel was installed before the analyser. This gave a...
In recent years the number of Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) and Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction (SNCR) plants for De-NOx have increased significantly. Continuous analysis of NOx prior to the de-NOx plant is often required to measure the concentration generated by the combustion process. This may be required to provide feed-forward to the Ammonia/Urea injection system and also to allow the effectiveness of the reduction process to be assessed. Continuous analysis of NOx post-reduction is required to allow...
Boiler combustion control, O2 and CO
DeNOx system, NH3 and NO
Electrostatic precipitators (ESP), CO monitoring for explosion prevention
Stack gas emissions, NH3, H2O, NO
Coal silos, CO monitoring for explosion prevention and detection of smouldering fires (only in coal fired plants)
Stack gas emission
Coal silo, explosion prevention
Typical supported applications are industrial emission monitoring and gas manufacturing control. Focuses on medium NOx, NOx-related and multigas-concentrations up to 5’000 ppm where flexibility is a central requirement. Parameters included are NO, NO2, NOx, NH3, NOx-amines, O2 and CO2. Typical supported applications are industrial emission monitoring and gas manufacturing control.
Modern production method of nitric acid production may lead to generation of several different gaseous emission components, such as nitrogen oxides (NOx), ammonia NH3 and nitrous oxide N2O. Nitrogen monoxide is an intermediate gaseous product in manufacturing of nitric acid HNO3. NO is formed in a catalytic reaction between ammonia and molecular oxygen O2. But undesirable side reactions may result in formation of nitrogen dioxide NO2 and nitrous oxide N2O. The NO and NO2 emissions can be reduced by use of Selective...
Nitric acid HNO3 is an important intermediate reagent for production of several important end products, such as fertilizers, explosives, dyestuffs/pigments, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, photographic materials, plastics, and synthetic fibers. At nitric acid manufacturing plants, the Gasmet™ FTIR Gas Analyzer can be used to measure several gaseous components from the process stream for purposes of process control. A single system can be used to measure the high levels of nitrogen monoxide NO and nitrogen...
Coal power plant: Entrance of SCR denitration device, NOx O2
Exit of SCR denitration device: Measure remanet NH3 after reaction and avoid blocking by crystallization, NH3; Calculate denitrification rate with Nox input, NOx O2
Gas-fired power plant: Counting tail gas emission and realtime concentration, NOx O2 SO2 Temperature pressure flow dust
The process control of a CO2 capture plant needs good and reliable detection of gas phase NH3 and CO2. Measuring NH3 is a challenge due to the corrosive environment and high concentrations of NH3. Several places in the process needs to be monitored and to transport the sample is difficult. A large dynamic range is needed as the NH3 concentration can vary between 15% volume and a few mg/m3.
“Biogas” means a mixture of various types of gas (mostly methane) produced by bacterial fermentation in anaerobic conditions(absence of oxygen) of organic residues from waste, decaying plant, carcasses in putrescence. The analyzers of biogas by Infrared cells carry out the continuous analysis of CH4, O2, CO2, H2S and NH3. The whole process sees the decomposition of organic material by some types of bacteria, producing carbon dioxide, molecular hydrogen and methane(methane conversion of organic compounds...
Closed chamber gas flux measurements can be made with Protea FTIR analysers to allow researchers in the field of atmospheric gas analysis from agricultural and livestock to measure evolved gases such as N2O, CO2, CO, NH3, and CH4. Nitrous oxide (N2O) and Methane (CH4) emissions from soil, plant and livestock are especially important gases to measure, given their high potential as greenhouse gases (GHGs). NH3, whilst not a greenhouse gas on the scale of N2O, CH4 and CO2, is a major emission from agricultural, such...
Focuses on medium NOx, NOx-related and multigas-concentrations up to 5’000 ppm where flexibility is a central requirement. Parameters included are NO, NO2, NOx, NH3, NOx-amines, O2 and CO2. Typical supported applications are industrial emission monitoring and gas manufacturing control.