Oxides of Nitrogen (NO/NO2/NOX) is the product of endothermic reactions within combustion engines and causes significant environmental pollution. The main source of NOX is from the engine of automobiles and these pollutants are harmful to humans in their respective forms or in the creation of ozone (O3) or acid rain. NOX is most prevalent in our societies as a contributor to asthmatic conditions as well as the photochemical smog found throughout many industrialized cities.
NOy (total reactive nitrogen) is defined as the sum of NOX plus the compounds produced from the oxidation of NOx which include nitric acid. NOy component species include NO, NO2, NO3, HNO3, N2O5, CH3COO2NO2(PAN), and particulate nitrate.
Sierra specializes in accurate mass flow measurement and/or control of Nitorgen gas. One of the most commonly measured gases, applications are found across numerous industries ranging from general process control to scientific research and development.
The recent COP 21 meeting reexposed the need for global coordination to monitor Green House Gases (GHG) as well as emissions of ChloroFluoroCarbons (CFC). Networks of sensors have been deployed over the Earth to measure concentration of gases such as methane, carbon monoxide, ethane, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, nitrogen oxide and dioxide (NOx)… Such task requires instrument with not only ultra high accuracy but also ultra high precision. Our QCNose Instruments have been designed for such operations...
OPSIS provides various monitoring solutions for marine vessels. One application is to monitor in Inert Gas Generators (IGG) onboard ships to control the quality of the nitrogen. The reliable systems supply accurate values continuously, and presents it directly to the control system.
Biodegradation tests involve testing samples in response to various parameters: dilution, nutrient addition, pH, temperature, and others. The pattern of oxygen uptake in aerobic tests; nitrogen gas production in anoxic denitrification tests; methane production in methanogenic tests; hydrogen production during glycolysis; and carbon dioxide production during fermentation reactions gives a measure of the rate and extent of biodegradation of the organic constituents of the test sample.
Problem: Nitrate, the most stable form of nitrogen in water, is found in both ground and surface water and originates from both natural and anthropogenic sources. Due to its high solubility in water, nitrate is not filtered out from groundwater like other contaminants. Removing nitrates from source water is important as elevated levels in drinking water can cause serious health effects when ingested.
Now for the first time you can measure ion levels in drinking / tap water, rivers and lakes using one probe and one set of calibration solutions. We have probes specially tailored for environmental testing. Our Environmental probes measure Chloride, Ammonium and Nitrogen or we have a total nitrogen probe measuring Ammonium and Nitrogen. Each probe can be calibrated in our unique calibration solutions allowing you to calibrate all sensors simultaneously and take measurements in drinking or river water. Probes...
based in Vacaville, CALIFORNIA (USA).
Ammonia is a compound featuring a nitrogen molecule attached to three hydrogen molecules (NH3). It is a colorless gas with a characteristic pungent smell similar to human urine, as urine contains a large amount of ammonia in it.
With over 15 years of experience in the measurement of volatile organic compounds (VOC), Environment SA announces the VOC72M, a new generation analyzer for the measurement of BTEX compounds by gas chromatography with photo-ionization detector (PID). The VOC72M can handle up to 40 compounds and eight configurations for analysis. This compact and fully automated analyzer with wide voltage range specifications (90-240V) provides equivalent performance to the laboratory chromatographs and is particularly suited to...
The gas generators for calibration based on the use of “Method of Permeation Tubes.”. The permeation tubes are sealed capsules containing a small amount of the component that is in contact with a permeable membrane stable. The permeation through the membrane produces a vapor of the compound of the component of small quantity, very stable as a stream in time. This permeate stream by mixing with a dilution gas controlled and precise (for example nitrogen) creates a mixture in track at the desired...
Various pollutants form in the cement manufacturing process, especially when alternative fuels and waste-derived fuels are used. Typically a cement kiln using these fuels is a required to monitor hydrogen chloride (HCl). Gasmet CEM II is EN 15267-3 approved for HCl measurement in 0 … 15 mg/Nm3 range.High process temperatures result in generation of more nitrogen oxides (NOx) than in typical municipal waste incineration.
Gas Chromatography requires a stable repeatable flow of the carrier gas with negligible temperature drift. The Axetris MFC provides excellent control of the gas flow resulting in sharp peaks and high resolution of the chromatograms. Multiple calibrations allow the control of Helium, Hydrogen or Nitrogen. Due to the high turn down ratio of 1000:1 and more, a broad range of flows can be controlled.
Chemical purity of water is assessed for a wide variety of different chemicals depending on the type of water and applicable local legislation.
Chemical analysis of water can include testing for nitrogen compounds, dissolved heavy metals, and total and dissolved organic carbon.
Common water monitoring applications include:
Determination of suspended solids in waterusing for example glass fiber filters.
Chemical analyses of for example heavy metals, dissolved organic carbons (DOC), and ions.
In most combustion process atmospheric nitrogen reacts with oxygen in high temperature conditions to produce nitrogen oxides (NOx). Total NOx production is the sum of nitrogen monoxide NO and nitrogen dioxide NO2. The emissions of these gases are controlled through setting of emission limit values (ELVs) for power plants.
The exhaust gas from combustion engines is a complex mixture of gases and particulate matter. The composition of the gas may change rapidly. Multicomponent analysis of exhaust gases can be performed with a Gasmet™ FTIR Gas Analyzer with a response time (T90) of one second. The winning combination is the result using of a small volume gas sample cell, a powerful sample pump and a fast detector with liquid nitrogen cooling. The analyzer, sampling system and computer can be assembled on a cart for use in a...
Modern production method of nitric acid production may lead to generation of several different gaseous emission components, such as nitrogen oxides (NOx), ammonia NH3 and nitrous oxide N2O. Nitrogen monoxide is an intermediate gaseous product in manufacturing of nitric acid HNO3. NO is formed in a catalytic reaction between ammonia and molecular oxygen O2. But undesirable side reactions may result in formation of nitrogen dioxide NO2 and nitrous oxide N2O. The NO and NO2 emissions can be reduced by use of Selective...
Maintaining the quality of natural waters provides numerous economic benefits by preventing severe deterioration of water resources that would require expensive treatment operations to protect public health and the environment. For instance, monitoring nitrates in surface waters can possibly prevent algal blooms from happening by facilitating the necessary steps to stop pollution sources from discharging nitrogen nutrients into the water system.