Chlorination remains the most widespread way of disinfecting water in the world. Its flaws are: high toxicity of chlorine and other chlorinating reagents, also formation of various chlorine-containing compounds, including chlorite-, chlorate, and perchlorate anions. Maximum permitted levels (MPL) of these components are established in WHO Guidelines for drinking water and other regional and national regulations.
By Lumex Instruments Group based in Mission, BRITISH COLUMBIA (CANADA).
Enhanced anaerobic biodegradation is the practice of adding hydrogen (an electron donor) to groundwater and/or soil to increase the number and vitality of indigenous microorganisms performing anaerobic bioremediation (reductive dechlorination) on any anaerobically degradable compound or chlorinated contaminant. The most commonly targeted chlorinated groundwater contaminants are primarily used in industry as degreasing agents and include: Perchloroethylene (PCE), Trichloroethylene (TCE), Dichloroethylene (DCE), Vinyl Chloride (VC).
Other anaerobically degradable compounds include: carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, methylene chloride, certain pesticides/herbicides, perchlorate, nitrate, nitroaromatic explosives (TNT, RDX), dyes and chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s).
By Regenesis based in San Clemente, CALIFORNIA (USA).
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