process hazard analysis Applications
In the chemical field, ICP-AES is used for a broad range of analysis in order to manage trace amounts of hazardous metals in the manufacturing process, manage additive elements essential to the functionality of a product, and manage the environment of the entire factory. Therefore, it is desirable to have a robust, highly stable system able to reliably accept the injection of a broad variety of samples, regardless of the type of solvent (aqueous/organic) or the presence of matrices. It is also important to simplify processes and reduce costs, which enhances the productivity of daily quality control work.
By Shimadzu Scientific Instruments Inc based in Columbia, MARYLAND (USA).
Challenge: Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) are traditional parameters analyzed in the laboratory to determine organic matter in water and wastewater. Wastewater facility operators need to have constant data to monitor their discharges and optimize treatment processes (biological treatment, chemical dosing, etc). The requirements of BOD and COD analysis prevent them from being implemented as control parameters, however. The BOD five-day analysis time requirement does not allow an operator to use the data for process optimization and. although COD requires less time than the BOD, its analysis includes the use of hazardous chemicals and has no constant analysis capability.
By GE Analytical Instruments based in Boulder, COLORADO (USA).
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