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produced water sampling Applications

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    Oil in Water Analysis for Flowback or Produced Water

    The amount of water used in and produced by hydraulic fracturing of shale gas wells is in the millions of gallons per well. Whether the water is going to be taken off site for disposal or reused for re-injection, the flowback or produced water needs pretreatment to remove any residual oil from the water. Waiting for remote lab results can take several days to a week. InfraCal TOG/TPH Analyzers allow for oil in water testing at the well site in less than 10 minutes. The sampling requires a few simple steps that can be performed by non-technical personnel. The water is mixed with the extraction solvent, shaken, and then presented to the analyze for measurement. The same InfraCal TOG/TPH Analyzer can be used for TPH in soil if a spill or pond leak occurs to determine the contaminated area. The analyzer features: -Results in under 15 minutes -Detect levels as low as 10 ppm -Portable, rugged, lightweight, easy-to-use -Battery operable -Ideal for field or lab use

    By Spectro Scientific based in Chelmsford, MASSACHUSETTS (USA).

  • Waste water respirometry solutions for toxicity tracking

    If toxicity is identified in a mixed sewage entering a treatment works, the problem for the plant manager is to track and identify the source of the toxicity. This can be done by sampling the effluent stream at various points in its length. By working in a logical sequence back up the sewer network the number of samples can be minimised. This type of testing should be rigorously enforced for new product introduction by a waste producer, as well as sampling the effluents directly at source. The samples would be tested against the activated sludge of the receiving works, using the Respiration Inhibition Test or the Nitrification Inhibition Test.

    By Strathkelvin Instruments Ltd. based in Motherwell, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Determination of Additives in Beverages using Ascentis Express Columns

    Beverages, such as sodas and energy drinks, can include a number of polar ingredients, which are easily soluble in the water matrix of the drinks. These ingredients include sweeteners (sugars and sugar substitutes), caffeine, vitamin supplements, amino acids, organic acids, and plant extracts. Because the analytes are already in solution, there is no need for extensive sample preparation. Dilution followed by direct injection into an HPLC is typically suitable. In this article we present two beverage applications using Ascentis Express HPLC columns. Ascentis Express columns offer faster HPLC on any system. One benefit is their ability to produce the resolution, efficiency, and speed on conventional HPLC systems that is associated with the use of sub-2 micron columns on a UHPLC system, without generating high backpressure. Column chemistries (RP-Amide and HILIC) were selected for this article based on their enhanced performance with polar compounds in comparison to C18.

    By Sigma-Aldrich Co., LLC based in Bellefonte, PENNSYLVANIA (USA).

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    TPH in Soil Remediation

    InfraCal TOG/TPH Analyzers allow for TPH (Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons) in soil testing at remediation sites such as leaking underground storage tanks and produced water evaporation ponds. Site managers can avoid having costly soil remediation equipment sit idle while waiting for off-site lab results. Sampling requires a few simple steps that can be performed by non-technical personnel. The soil is mixed with the extraction solvent, shaken, filtered, and then presented to the InfraCal Analyzer for measurement. Features include: - Results in under 15 minutes, including extraction ¨ Detect levels as low as 10 ppm ¨ Portable, rugged, lightweight, easy-to-use ¨ Battery operable ¨ Ideal for field or laboratory applications ¨ Factory calibration available

    By Spectro Scientific based in Chelmsford, MASSACHUSETTS (USA).

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    High quality gas sensor solutions for total organic carbon (TOC)

    Minimising costs through measurement of CO2 concentration. Both water suppliers and water users need to know the quality of the water they are supplying, using and disposing of so as to minimise their costs. One measure of water quality is the organic carbon content (TOC). TOC is measured by oxidising the organic carbon to produce CO2 which is then measured and the value converted into a TOC measurement. Edinburgh Sensors supply sensors to measure the CO2 concentration produced by oxidising the organic carbon in a water sample, allowing the TOC to be calculated. This TOC value determines one measure of how clean the water sample is.

    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd based in Livingston, UNITED KINGDOM.

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