Renewable energy plants are expanding and developing at a significant rate in North America and throughout the world. In the United States, the Clean Air Act for reformulated gasoline (RFG) mandates a 2wt.% oxygen requirement, driving the demand for more production. Ethanol is the most viable additive because it is a clean-burning fuel produced from renewable, domestic biomass sources. However, the production of these fuels can result in unacceptable levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), particulate matter (PM) and hazardous air pollutants (HAPs), all regulated by environmental agencies.
By Anguil Environmental Systems, Inc. based in Milwaukee, WISCONSIN (USA).
Growing populations – about 80 million every year – and industrializing countries create huge needs for electrical energy. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) the global energy demand will increase by about 65% by 2035. A major fraction of the required energy will continue to be provided by thermal – mainly fossil fuel-fired and nuclear – power plants. "Renewable" energy sources such as photovoltaics (PV) will be another backbone of our energy supply. Putting renewable energy on the grid requires powerful energy storage and conversion devices, such as supercapacitors, batteries, or fuel cells.
By Metrohm AG based in Herisau, SWITZERLAND.
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